Reference and Bibliomaniacal Lit from Google Books

I cannot understand the rage manifested by the greater part of the world for reading New Books. If the public had read all those that have gone before, I can conceive how they should not wish to read the same work twice over ; but when I consider the countless volumes that lie unopened, unregarded, unread, and unthought-of, I cannot enter into the pathetic complaints that I hear made that Sir Walter writes no more—that the press is idle—that Lord Byron is dead. If I have not read a book before, it is, to all intents and purposes, new to me, whether it was printed yesterday or three hundred years ago. If it be urged that it has no modern, passing incidents, and is out of date and old-fashioned, then it is so much the newer ; it is farther removed from other works that I have lately read, from the familiar routine of ordinary life and makes so much more addition to my knowledge. But many people would as soon think of putting on old armour as of taking up a book not published within the last month, or year at the utmost. - William Carew Hazlitt

Shorter Hazlitt: "Insolent, thrice-damned whelplings! Abandon ye pursuites most frivolous and readeth ye olde schoole!"

Note: Some former residents have moved.

Herein is my personal catalog of reference and other books of particular interest to me that have been scanned and made available in PDF format via Google Books. They've proved a really marvelous resource, and one which is getting steadily better, larger and more useful. While it's handy and convenient to let them store the things so they'll be at your fingertips whenever you're on the web, a cautionary type might want to download copies of at least the ones of most interest. Google is a corporation, with more rights - thanks to Big Tony and the Supremes - and less responsibilities than these anachronisms we call individuals, and they can do whatever they bloody well want to at any time they want to do it.

This is all here because either I can't figure out how to use the tools Google Books provides to do this, or their tools are insufficient and overly fussy. I'm betting the latter.

Feel free to borrow any or all of this, with the understanding that an attribution will keep the karma dogs off your ass.

On a technical note, I've attempted to extract informative or at least entertaining bits from the prefaces or other parts of some of the books. These will appear in this differently colored format which, thankfully, at least isn't blinking. These extracts may contain extraneous artifacts from Google's OCR rendering of the PDF scans into text that I've been too lazy to fix.

On another technical note, I'll occasionally add reviews, comments, etc. from sources external to the books, which will added in a wee font like this.

On a really annoying technical note, some entries will be shown in blue. These are so indicated because they exist and should - by any reading of copyright law not involving Sonny Bono and DisneyCorp - be available. Their non-availability makes me blue in the Buddy Guy way.

If you feel you must get in touch with me so you can send me mint copies of any or all of the books listed below, then send some electrons to baum@stommel.tamu.edu.

DICTIONARIES

SOMEWHAT DICTIONARIES ALBEIT MORE OF A LITERARY GRAB BAG

NOT DICTIONARIES

ELSEWHERE (SPLITTERS THAT GOT TOO BIG FOR HERE)

ALMANACS

Time's Telescope (1814-1834)

British Almanac (1828-1900)

MISC (THE "TOO LAZY TO MOVE" SECTION)

List of Subject Headings for Use in Dictionary Catalogs, 3rd Ed. (1914, 796) - Mary J. Briggs

The Diplomat's Dictionary (1994, 603) - Charles W. Freeman, Jr.

The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening, Vol. 7: Scl to Zyg (1887) - George Nicholson

An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd Ed. (1893, 844) - William Walter Skeat

A Phonographic Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language (1846, 689) - William Bolles

The Rhyming Dictionary of the English Language (1902, 720) - J. Walker and J. Longmuir

Shakespeare-Lexicon: A Complete Dictionary of All the Words, Vol. 1 (1902, 678)

Shakespeare-Lexicon: A Complete Dictionary of All the Words, Vol. 2 (1902, 678-1485)

Words and Places: or, Etymologial Illustrations of History (1865, 561) - Isaac Taylor

A Smaller Classical Dictionary of Biography, Mythology, and Geography (1883, 438) - William Smith

Spanish and Indian Place Names of California: Their Meaning and Their Romance (1914, 446) - Nellie van de Grift Sanchez

Complete English-Jewish Dictionary (1891, 1120) - Alexander Harkavy

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English (1917, 1064) - H. and F. Fowler

A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors, Vol. 1 (1899, 1154) - Samuel Allibone

A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, and Expositor of the English Language (1836, 783) - John Walker

A Dictionary of American Biography: Supplement (1879, 1019) - Francis Samuel Drake

Dictionary of Anecdote, Incident, Illustrative Fact (1888, 690) - Walter Baxendale

A Dictionary of Derivations, 14th Ed. (1872, 304) - Robert Sullivan

A Dictionary of Derivations of the English Language (1872, 400) - William Collins

A Dictionary of English Phrases (1922, 365) - Albert Montefiore Hyamson

Dictionary of Indian Biography (1906, 494) - Charles Edward Buckland

A Dictionary of Modern Gardening (1847, 635) - George William Johnson and David Landreth

Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 1: Abbadie-Anne (1885, 479) - Leslie Stephen

Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1905, 1440) - Ebenezer Cobham Brewer

Dictionary of Similes (1916, 488) - Frank J. Wilstach

The Dictionary of Statistics (1892, 632) - Michael George Mulhall

HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY and POLITICS

The Geographical and Historical Dictionary of America and the West Indies (1812) - Antonio de Alcedo, G. A. Thompson

A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland (1833) - John Gorton

M'Culloch's Universal Gazetteer: A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical, of the Various Countries, Places, and Principal Natural Objects in the World (1844) - J. R. M'Culloch, Daniel Haskel

The British Gazetteer, Political, Commercial, Ecclesiastical, and Historical (1852) - B. Clarke

A Dictionary Geographical, Statistical and Historical (1852)

The American Encyclopedia of History, Biography and Travel (1856, 1007) - William O. Blake

Local Etymology: A Derivative Dictionary of Geographical Names (1859, 325) - Richard Stephen Charnock

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology (1880)

Haydn's Dictionary of Dates and Universal Information Relating to All Ages, 17th Ed. (1881, 920) - Joseph Haydn

Dictionary of Altitudes in the United States (1884, 325) - Henry Gannett

The Dictionary of English History - (1884, 1118) - Frederick Pulling and Sidney Low

Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the U.S. (1890) - John J. Lalor

A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1891-1901)

Dictionary of United States History (1894, 733) - John Franklin Jameson

Dictionary of Political Economy (1894-1909)

A Dictionary of Altitudes in the United States, 3rd Ed. (1899, 775) - Henry Gannett

Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Reference (1901) - John F. Jameson, James W. Buel

Harper's Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A.D. to 1906 (1905-?) - Benson J. Lossing

Haydn's Dictionary of Dates and Universal Information Relating to All Ages (1906, 1584) - Joseph Haydn

COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY

Classified Guide to Technical and Commercial Books (1904, 216) - Edgar Greenwood

Dictionarium Rusticum, Urbanicum and Botanicum: A Dictionary of Husbandry, Gardening, Trade, Commerce, and All Sorts of Country-Affairs, Vol. 1 (1726) - Nathan Bailey, John Worlidge

Dictionarium Rusticum, Urbanicum and Botanicum: A Dictionary of Husbandry, Gardening, Trade, Commerce, and All Sorts of Country-Affairs, Vol. 2 (1726) - Nathan Bailey, John Worlidge

The Dictionary of Merchandise, and Nomenclature (1805, 368) - C. H. Kauffman

A General Dictionary of Commerce, Trade and Manufactures (1810, 1220) - Thomas Mortimer

A Dictionary of Printers and Printing (1839, 996) - Charles H. Timperley

A Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, Vol. 1 (1852) - J. R. Mculloch

A Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, Vol. 2 (1852) - J. R. Mculloch

A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, Vol. 1 (1858) - Andrew Ure

A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines, Vol. 2 (1858) - Andrew Ure

A Dictionary of Commerce and Commercial Navigation, Supplements (1875) - J. R. Mculloch, Hugh G. Reid

A Dictionary of Dyeing and Calico Printing (1869, 491) - Charles O'Neill, A. A. Fesquet

American Encyclopaedia of Printing (1871, 512) - John L. Ringwalt

The Insurance Encyclopedia (1871-1876) - Cornelius Walford

Every Reporter's Own Shorthand Dictionary (1882, 368) - Elias Longley

A Phonetic Shorthand Dictionary of the English Language (1883, 277) - Isaac Pitman

A Phraseological Dictionary of Commercial Correspondence, Vol. 1: A-K (1884) - Charles Scholl

A Phraseological Dictionary of Commercial Correspondence, Vol. 2: L-Z (1884) - Charles Scholl

The Painters' Encyclopedia (1887, 427) - Franklin B. Gardner

The Yachtsman's Guide (1887, 443) - Howard Patterson

The Printers' Vocabulary (1888, 158) - Charles T. Jacobi

A Dictionary of the Economic Products of India (1889-1896)

Illustrated Marine Encyclopedia (1890, 306) - Heinrich Paasch

Dictionary of Ecelectic Shorthand, 3rd Ed. (1891, 362) - Jesse G. Cross

A Complete Dictionary of Dry Goods (1892, 584) - George S. Cole

The plan of the "dictionary Of Dry Goods" includes several objects, which, briefly stated, are: the proper description of all textile fabrics and manufactured articles; the peculiarities which distinguish a fabric and by which it may be identified; the method of weaving or manufacture; the origin of the names of all fabrics, with the history and literature of the subject; the definition of terms, words and phrases which have only a trade application, and which have sprung up with the development of the business in the nineteenth century; and the import duties under the new tariff on all goods, raw or manufactured. The Dictionary is designed to be a practically complete and comprehensive record of all fabrics which are in general use at the present time, together with full explanations of the modem process of carding, spinning, dyeing, weaving, knitting, netting, bleaching, and felting, constituting a book for general reference by merchants and clerks.

Encyclopedia of Founding and Dictionary of Founding Terms (1894, 535) - Simpson Bollard

American Dictionary of Printing and Bookmaking (1894, 592) - Wesley W. Pasko

The Car-Builder's Dictionary: American Railroad Car Terms (1995) - MCBA

Technical Dictionary of Sea Terms, Phrases, and Words (1895, 354) - William Pirrie

The Watch and CLock Makers' Handbook, Dictionary and Guide (1896, 459) - Frederick J. Britten

Gesta Typographica; or, A Medley for Printers and Others (1897, 129) - Charles T. Jacobi

Wayzgoose. The origin of this word is not generally known. On the authority of Bailey the signification of the term is a " stubblegoose." Moxon, writing in 1683, gives an early example of its use in connection with the annual dinners of the printers of that time. He says: " It is also customary for all the Journeymen to make every Year new Paper Windows, whether the old ones will serve again or no; Because, that day they make them the Master Printer gives them a Waygoose; that is, he makes them a good Feast, and not only entertains them at his own House, but, besides, gives them money to spend at the Alehouse or Tavern at Night; and to this Feast they invite the Corrector, Founder, Smith, Joyner, and Inkmaker, who all of them severally (except the Corrector in his own Civility) open their Purse-strings and add their Benevolence (which Workmen account their duty, because they generally chuse these Workmen) to the Master Printer's: But from the Corrector they expert nothing, because, the Master Printer chusing him, the Workmen can do him no kindness. These Way-goose are always kept about Bartholomew-tide. And till the Master Printer hath given this Way-goose the journeymen do not chuse to work by Candle Light." Other authors have quoted Moxon on the above, adding, however, riders of their own composition, more fully explaining the meaning of the term. Thus Timperley, writing in 1839, in a footnote, says: " The derivation of this term is not generally known. It is from an old English word Wayz, stubble. A stubblegoose is a known dainty in our days. A wayzgoose was the head dish at the annual feasts of the forefathers of our fraternity." From this it would appear that the original derivation was from the goose which occupied the place of honour at the dinner, and not, as some have striven to show, from the excursion which usually forms part of their festival.

American Handy-Book of the Brewing, Malting and Auxiliary Trades, 2nd Ed. (1902, 1266) - Robert Wahl, Max Henius

A Dictionary of Abbreviations and Contractions Used in General Mercantile Transactions (1902, 67) - William G. Cordingley

A Counting-House Dictionary Containing Technical Terms Used by Merchants and Bankers (1903, 326) - Richard Bithell

Fowler's Publicity Encyclopedia (1904) - Edward T. Page

Author and Printer: A Guide for Authors, Editors, Printers and Correctors (1905, 408) - Frederick H. Collins

Mercantile Dictionary: A Complete Vocabulary (1908, 303) - I. de Veitelle

The New Encyclopedia of Social Reform (1908, 1321) - William D. P. Bliss

Barnes' Short Dictionary and Phrasebook (1910, 175) - Lovisa E. B. Barnes

Authors' and Printers' Dictionary, 4th Ed. (1912, 408) - Frederick H. Collins

Cyclopedia of Fire Prevention and Insurance (1912)

Day's Practical and Comprehensive Shorthand Dictionary (1914, 320) - Alfred Day

Railway Track and Structures Cyclopedia (1921, 860)

Dictionary of Textiles (1995, 172) - Louis Harmuth

A Dictionary of Weights and Measures for the British Isles: The Middle Ages to the 20th Century (1985, 520) - Ronald E. Zupko

ART, MUSIC and ARCHITECTURE

A Dictionary of Science, Literature and Art (1866-1867) - William Brande

Universal Catalogue of Books on Art (1870-1877)

Catalogue of Books Relating to Architecture, Construction and Decoration, 2nd Ed. (1914, 535) - Mary H. Rollins, Frank A. Bourne

A Dictionary of the Architecture and Archaeology of the Middle Ages (1838, 498) - John Britton, John Le Keux, George Godwin

An Encyclopaedia of Architecture: Historical, Theoretical, and Practical (1842, 1089) - Joseph Gwilt

Dictionary of Painters and Engravers (1886) - Michael Bryan, Robert E. Graves

Artists of the Nineteenth Century and Their Works (1889) - Clara E. C. Waters, Laurence Hutton

Adeline's Art Dictionary (1891, 422) - Jules Adeline, Frederick W. Fairholt

L'Argot Musical: Curiosites Anecdotiques et Philologiques (1892, 431) - Emile Gouget

Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians (1893-1899) - John D. Champlin, William F. Apthorp

A Handbook of Legendary and Mythological Art (1900, 575) - Clara E. C. Waters

A Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) - Russell Sturgis

Painters, Sculptors, Architects, Engravers and Their Works (1901, 681) - Clara E. C. Waters

The Encyclopedia of Ceramics (1902, 673) - William P. Jervis

A Dictionary of Terms in Art (1903, 474) - Frederick W. Fairholt

A Cyclopaedia of Works of Architecture in Italy, Greece, and the Levant (1903, 546) - William P. P. Longfellow

Women in the Fine Arts: From the 7th Century to the 20th (1904, 395) - Clara E. C. Waters

Musik-Lexikon (1905, 1508) - Hugo Riemann

Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1911-1920) - J. A. Fuller Maitland

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, 3rd Ed. (1919, 1094) - Theodore Baker and Alfred Remy

Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (1919, 1094) - Theodore Baker

Music Lovers' Cyclopedia (1912, 949) - Rupert Hughes

Cyclopedia of Painters and Painting (1913) - John D. Champlin, Charles C. Perkins

STANDARD ENGLISH

The Development of the Dictionary of the English Language (1915, 44) - Frank Vizetelly

The New Royal and Universal Dictionary, Vol. 1 (1763) - J. Johnson

The New Royal and Universal Dictionary, Vol. 2 (1763) - J. Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 3rd Ed. (1768) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Ed. (1773) - Samuel Johnson

The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 1 (1775) - John Ash

The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2 (1775) - John Ash

An Universal Etymological English Dictionary (1782, 956) - Nathan Bailey, Edward Harwood

A Dictionary of the English Language, 7th Ed. (1783) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 10th Ed. (1792, 982) - Samuel Johnson

A Complete Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Ed., Vol. 1 (1797) - Thomas Sheridan

A Complete Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Ed., Vol. 2 (1797) - Thomas Sheridan

A General Dictionary of the English Language (1780) - Thomas Sheridan

The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd Ed., Vol. 1 (1795) - John Ash

The New and Complete Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (1795) - John Ash

A General Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language, 9th Ed. (1804, 900) - Stephen Jones

A Dictionary of the English Language, 9th Ed., Vol. 1 (1805) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 9th Ed., Vol. 2 (1805) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 9th Ed., Vol. 3 (1805) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language, 9th Ed., Vol. 4 (1805) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language (1812, 766) - Samuel Johnson

A Dictionary of the English Language Compiled for the Use of Common Schools (1817, 366) - Noah Webster

A School Dictionary; or, Entick's English Dictionary Abridged, 5th Ed. (1821, 205) - John Entick, Richard Phillips, Thomas Browne

Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language in Miniature (1822, 284)

A Dictionary of the English Language (1824, 832) - Samuel Johnson, Henry John Todd and Alexander Chalmers

A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language (1827, 711) - John Walker

A Dictionary of the English Language (1828, 831) - Samuel Johnson and John Walker

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 3rd Ed. (1830, 1011) - Noah Webster

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Ed. (1830, 1011) - Noah Webster

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Ed. (1830, 1011) - Noah Webster

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 10th Ed. (1832, 1011) - Noah Webster

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 13th Ed. (1834, 1011) - Noah Webster

A Dictionary of the English Language: Abridged from the American Dictionary, 11th Ed. (1833, 536) - Noah Webster

The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1833-?)

The Progressive Dictionary of the English Language (1835, 508) - Samuel Fallows

A Pronouncing and Explanatory Dictionary of the English Language (1835, 790) - James Knowles

Johnson's Dictionary, Improved by Todd (1836, 443) - Samuel Johnson and Henry John Todd

A New and Enlarged Dictionary of the English Language (1836, 1027)

An American Dictionary of the English Language, 15th Ed. (1838, 1011) - Noah Webster

A Dictionary for Primary Schools (1838, 341) - Noah Webster

An American Dictionary of the English Language, Stereotype Ed. (1839, 1011) - Noah Webster

A New Dictionary of the English Language (1839, 886) - Charles Richardson

An American Dictionary of the English Language, Revised Ed. (1841, 1080) - Noah Webster

Johnson's English Dictionary, as Improved by Todd, and Abridged by Chalmers (1844, 1156) - Samuel Johnson, Henry John Todd, Alexander Chalmers

An Etymolological Dictionary of the English Language on a Plan Entirely New (1844, 523) - John Oswald, J. M. Keagy

An American Dictionary of the English Language, Revised Ed. (1846, 1079) - Noah Webster

An Explanatory and Phonographic Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language (1846, 944) - William Bolles

An American Dictionary of the English Language, Revised and Enlarged (1848, 1367) - Chauncey A. Goodrich

A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, and Expositor of the English Language (1848, 780) - John Walker

A Popular and Complete English DIctionary, Vol. 1 (1848) - John Boag

A Popular and Complete English Dictionary, Vol. 2 (1848) - John Boag

Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1849, 232)

A Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Ed. (1849) - Alexander Reid

A Critical Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, 7th Ed. (1851, 790) - James Knowles

A Dictionary of the English Language, Revised Ed. (1851, 546) - Noah Webster

An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (1853, 581) - John Oswald, John M. Keagy, Joseph Thomas, James Lynd

A Pronouncing, Explanatory, and Synonymous Dictionary of the English Language (1855, 565) - Joseph E. Worcester

An Explanatory and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language (1856, 490) - William G. Webster, Chauncey A. Goodrich

A New Dictionary of the English Language (1856, 892) - Charles

A High-School Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language (1857, 341) - William G. Webster

A New Universal Etymological, Technological, and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 1 (1859) - John Craig

A New Universal Etymological, Technological, and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, Vol. 2 (1859) - John Craig

The Imperial Dictionary, Vol. 1: A-I (1859) - John Ogilvie

An Elementary Dictionary of the English Language (1861, 400) - Joseph E. Worcester

A Dictionary of Reduplicated Words in the English Language (1866, 104) - Henry B. Wheatley

A Primary Dictionary of the English Language (1871, 388) - Joseph E. Worcester

The Cabinet Dictionary of the English Language (1871, 968)

A Comprehensive Dictionary of the English Language (1871, 608) - Joseph E. Worcester

A New and Comprehensive Dictionary of the English Language as Spoken and Written, 7th Ed. (1872, 466) - Hyde Clarke

Chambers's Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (1872, 596) - James Donald, William Chamabers

The American Encyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge (1873-1878) - George Ripley, Charles A. Dana

A Dictionary of the English Language: Academic Edition (1875, 560) - Noah Webster, William G. Webster, William A. Wheeler

A Handy Dictionary of the English Language (1877, 320) - Noah Webster, Loomis J. Campbell

A Dictionary of English Etymology (1878, 747) - Hensleigh Wedgwood

High-School Dictionary of the English Language (1878, 400) - Noah Webster, William G. Webster, William A. Wheeler

Primary School Dictionary of the English Language (1880, 352) - Noah Webster, William G. Webster, William A. Wheeler

A Supplementary English Glossary (1881, 736) - Thomas L. O. Davies, James O. Halliwell-Phillipps

The Imperial Dictionary of the English Language (1882-1883)

The American Encyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge (1883-?) - George Ripley

Etymological and Pronouncing Dictionary of Difficult Words (1883) - E. Cobham Brewer

The Popular American Dictionary (1885, 544)

The Progressive Supplemental Dictionary of the English Language (1886, 508) - Samuel Fallows

The Encyclopaedic Dictionary: A New and Original Work of Reference to All the Words in the English Language (1888) - Robert Hunter

See Wells (1883) and Critic (1889).

A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (1888-?) - James Murray

The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language (1889-1901)

Yep, there's a lot missing and confusing here.

A Dictionary of the English Language Designed for Use in Primary Schools (1892, 324) - Noah Webster

A Dictionary of the English Language Designed for Use in Common Schools (1892, 422) - Noah Webster

Webster's High School Dictionary: A Dictionary of the English Language (1892, 530) - Noah Webster

The Stanford Dictionary of Anglicized Words and Phrases (1892, 826) - Charles A. Fennell

Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1893) - Isaac Funk

"A new edition (1901) has 11 p. of addenda, containing 1100 new words. It is encyclopedic in character, giving fuller explanations of things than is usual in a dictionary, and it contains some words not to be found in other dictionaries. Illustrations and plates are good. Apx. contains list of porper names of all kinds, with their pronunciations, and other miscellaneous information similar to the appendixes of Webster and Worcester." - Kroeger

An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (1893, 844) - Walter W. Skeat

A Dictionary of the English Language (1894, 2126) - Joseph E. Worcester

Webster's International Dictionary of the English Language: Being the Authentic Edition of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary Comprising the Issues of 1864, 1879, and 1884 (1894, 2011) - Noah Porter

A Dictionary of the English Language (1895, 1288) - James Stormonth, Philip Henry Phelp, William Bayne

Webster's Academic Dictionary (1895, 704)

Synonyms and Antonyms: or, Kindred Words and Their Opposites (1895, 406) - Charles John Smith

Lloyd's Encyclopaedic Dictionary: A New and Original Work of Reference to the Words in the English Language (1895) - Edward Lloyd

Webster's Collegiate Dictionary: A Dictionary of the English Language (1896, 1062) - Noah Webster

The American Encyclopaedic Dictionary (1897) - Robert Hunter

If it came down to the left one or a copy of this on the shelf, it'd be real close.

The American Encyclopaedic Dictionary is not a mere list of words alphabetically arranged. Neither are its contents to be estimated by the large number of words included in its vocabulary, for each word is considered and defined with reference to every part of speech in which it can be properly used, and also with reference to the various meanings it has assumed during the growth of the language. The work defines over 250,000 words, including an exhaustive list of obsolete words from the time of Chaucer to the present day, together with foreign words and phrases current in this country. Besides the necessary encyclopaedic matter, found in the body of the dictionary, the work contains an Appendix devoted to biographical, historical, geographical, statistical, classical and other information of great practical value.

Technology. The editors of the American Encyclopaedic Dictionary have prepared a list of technical terms, which, after careful revision, form a most important feature of the work. These are of great value from a scientific and practical standpoint and the collection is virtually complete. The elaboration of the list has been accomplished in such a manner that it is of value to the average reader as well as to the savant. The rapid advancement made by the arts and sciences has multiplied the number of technical terms in a corresponding degree. The list of technical words and phrases found in the American Encyclopedic Dictionary includes all terms bearing directly upon theology, law, philosophy, mathematics, chemistry, medicine, geology, fine arts, engineering, mechanics, handicrafts and other subjects.

Cant and Slang. The compilation of a dictionary involves the consideration of many words which properly belong to the category of cant and slang. The editors of the American Encyclopaedic Dictionary were obliged to use great caution, both in the acceptance and rejection of such words. Certainly, many that were found inconsistent with the needs of a dictionary were often more expressive than so-called legitimate words. Those inserted are words in common use among the English-speaking people. These, however, are given their proper character by a distinction between them and more authoritative words. The lexicographer cannot wholly ignore slang. It exerts a strong influence on the language and is developed according to its laws. Many words which originate as slang finally take their places in the language of literature and speech. The word slang itself, which has occupied a position in the language since the middle of last century, is comparatively a recent word in reputable dictionaries.

Colloquialisms. Great discrimination must needs be exercised in the treatment of colloquialisms. Many of the so-called colloquial words and phrases are entitled to a recognition in the language. Many words and phrases peculiar to Americans and known as Americanisms are of classical origin, and often reflect the distinctive characteristics of the people who use them. The word corn, for instance, was perverted from its former function, as a general name for cereal grains, to mean maize. Where there has been a distinct corruption of meaning, as is the case with many colloquialisms, they have been placed in a special department, at the end of the work.

Special coinages. During the past few years English words have been coined in large numbers. These words are often interesting, as well as expressive, and, when reputable authorities have sanctioned their use, should be admitted into the vocabulary. To place these words in a special list would only narrow the scope of this work.

Semi-naturalized Words. The incorporation of foreign words into our language is a gradual and almost imperceptible process. Yet there can be no doubt of the propriety of admitting such words to a place in any dictionary, when, by constant use, their value has been made evident and custom has robbed them of their foreign significance. The lexicographer needs only to guard against the insertion of too recent importations, in the selection of such words.

Hybrid Compounds. The prevalence of hybrid words emphasizes the resources and demands of the English language. Whenever a condition or object comes into existence which fails to find adequate form or expression in our own tongue, words from two different languages are often used in conjunction with each other. The word cosmolangue is a fitting example of such a union. The word is formed by the compounding of the Greek word cosmos, world, with the English word language. Hence, cosmolangue means a world-language. The word cablegram, which caused a lengthy discussion among English philologists, before it was finally accepted, was formed by uniting the English word cable with the Greek word gramma, a writing.

In the compilation of the American Encyclopaedic Dictionary the various styles of type adopted General afford an easy means of distinguishing the different divisions and subdivisions of words.

A system has been inaugurated which affords great convenience in reference. For instance, verbs are first divided into transitive and intransitive. These are again subdivided: firstly, into their ordinary meanings and secondly into their technical significations. A further subdivision is then made into literal and figurative meanings. The same system is adopted in the cases of adjectives, adverbs and nouns. The various grammatical parts of speech in which a word occurs are grouped under one heading, with definitions of each part, illustrated by quotations. Words of the same form, but from different roots, are placed under different headings.

Complete and comprehensive information on any encyclopaedic subject can be readily obtained by means of a system of cross references to kindred topics. Turn to a single word of many that might be instanced— evolution. The spelling, pronunciation, definition and etymology are first given. Then follows the ordinary use of the word, literally and figuratively. Then the technical meanings are given, in astronomy and geology, biology, geometry, mathematics, and military. Definitions, quotations, and citations are given under all these subheads, so that the reader can obtain not only every shade of the meaning of the word, but a world of knowledge in those various departments. Under biology, reference is made to epigenesis. Turning to epigenesis, the reader will find the word spelled, pronounced and defined, and the scientific processs described fully enough for any one to learn its gist, with references to Wolff, its first annunciator, in 1759; Haller, its opponent, and Haeckel, one of its great advocates. Reverting to the word evolution, the development hypothesis or theory is mentioned. Under the word development is given a full description of the doctrine, with references to Owen, Buffon, Lamarck, Saint-Hilaire, Hugh Miller, Spencer, Wallace, Darwin and Haeckel, and a reference to " Darwinism." Darwinism gives us the biography of Darwin, a list of his books, a minute description of his hypothesis under seven distinct heads, with more than 1,500 words in explanation of them. Again, in the course of the account of Darwinism, reference is made to transmutation, under which word will be found a full definition of both transmutation and transmutation hypothesis, also a reference to transformation, which word, with its compounds, occupies a space of one and one-half columns. Under the word evolution the theory is fully explained with reference to Haeckel, Darwin, Huxley and their works. By means of these cognate descriptions the reader has learned the substance of the subject, and that, too, in a dictionary.

The etymologies given are based upon the latest and best authorities. -The cognate forms in other languages of each word are shown distinct from the roots.

Derivative signs similar to the following will often be found after words: "In Fr. ..Sp... Port... Ital. ..from Lat..." This implies that there have been analogous words in French, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian, all derived, like the English, from a Latin original. Where a word occurs that is taken from a language usually expressed, in other dictionaries, by foreign typography, the foreign characters are omitted and the nearest English equivalents are substituted. An abbreviation is placed before the word, showing from what language it is taken. Such transliteration is of value to the average reader who is unfamiliar with foreign typography.

The American Encyclopaedic Dictionary abounds in illustrative quotations from the literature of the language. Many of these quotations are taken from newspapers and periodicals, the editors being of the opinion that no other source affords so many instances of words in every-day use, which represent the peculiar elements of the English language. "It is the growth of the newspaper press which has given importance to the English oral language," says a noted writer. "While the lexicographer is hesitating, weighing, suspending, harshly rejecting or tardily admitting, a language is being worked out, which will react again upon our literature. Apart from philological considerations, the mark of the spoken language, distinguishing it from the written language, is that it lives and breathes instinctive with the inspiration of the moment, receiving new ideas as they are newly born, fresh with the quick growth of an age of rapid progress and teeming invention."

Students' Edition of a Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1898, 915) - Isaac Funk

White's People's Webster (1899, 388) - M. White

A Concise Etymological Dictionary of the English Language (1901, 663) - Walter Skeat

Etymological and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, 16th Ed. (1901, 794) - James Stormonth, Philip Henry Phelp

Webster's Common Sense Dictionary (1902, 608) - Charles McClellan Stevens

Webster's Handy Dictionary: A Handy Dictionary of the English Language (1905, 320) - Loomis J. Campbell

Synonyms Discriminated: A Dictionary of Synonymous Words in the English Language (1910, 781) - Charles John Smith

Dictionary of Hard Words (1910, 611) - Robert Morris Pierce

A Condensed Dictionary of the English Language (1910, 817) - Noah Webster, Noah Porter, Dorsey Gardner

A Practical Dictionary of the English Language (1910, 520) - Noah Webster, Noah Porter

The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1911) - William D. Whitney, Benjamin E. Smith

New Websterian 1912 Dictionary (1912, 1160) - Harry Thurston Peck

Webster's Secondary-School Dictionary (1913, 842)

Nuttall's Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1914, 816) - James Wood, P. Austin Nuttall

New Universal Self-Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language (1914, 566) - Charles Morris

Webster's Elementary-School Dictionary (1914, 702) - Noah Webster

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English (1919, 1064) - H. W. Fowler, F. G. Fowler

Laird & Lee's Webster's New Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1920, 462) - E. T. Roe

The Comprehensive Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1921, 712) - James C. Fernald, Frank H. Vizetelly

The Desk Standard Dictionary of the English Language (1921, 894) - James C. Fernald, Frank H. Vizetelly

SLANG, PHRASES, ALLUSIONS, AND NON-STANDARD ENGLISH

The Works of the Rev. John Witherspoon, Vol. 4 (1802, 475) - John Witherspoon

The slang material starts on p. 425, a section entitled "The Druid, originally published in numbers periodically."

"The earliest known work on Americanisms. Originally published as a series of essays, entitled the 'Druid', a periodical which appeared in 1761." - Walter Skeat

Gradus Ad Cantabrigiam: Academical, Colloquial and Cant Terms at the University of Cambridge (1803, 139)

Lexicon Balatronicum: A Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence (1811, 221) - Francis Grose and Hewson Clarke

A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursetors, Vulgarly Called Vagabonds (1814) - Thomas Harman

A Vocabulary of Words and Phrases Peculiar to the USA (1816, 206) - John Pickering

Grose's Classical Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue (1823, 242) - Francis Grose and Pierce Egan

Slang: A Dictionary of the Turf, the Ring, the Chase, the Pit, of Bon-Ton (1823, 216) - John Badcock

Gradus ad Cantabrigiam; or, the New University Guide to the Academical Customs, and Colloquial or Cant Terms Peculiar to the University of Cambridge (1824, 131) - A Brace of Cantabs

An Essay on the Archaeology of Our Popular Phrases, and Nursery Rhymes (1837-?) - John Bellenden Ker

Anecdotes of the English Language, Chiefly Regarding the Local Dialect of London (1844, 410) - Samuel Pegge

Sinks of London Laid Open: A Pocket Companion for the Uninitiated, to Which is Added a Modern Flash Dictionary Containing All the Cant Words, Slang Terms, and Flash Phrases Now in Vogue, with a List of the Sixty Orders of Prime Coves (1848, 131) - J. Duncombe and George Cruikshank

Etudes de Philologie Comparee sur L'Argot (1856, 516) - Francisque Michel

"Contains glossaries of English, Italian, German, Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, Danish, Russian, and Asian slang, as well as that of Quack Doctors and the Bakers of Albania. The author's residence in many of the countries gave him opportunities of acquiring trustworth information." - Walter Skeat

The Vulgar Tongue: Comprising Two Glossaries of Slang, Cant, and Flash Words and Phrases (1857, 46) - Bernard Quaritch and Anglicus Ducange

The Vulgar Tongue: A Glossary of Slang, Cant, and Flash Words and Phrases (1859, 80) - Ducange Anglicus

A Collection of College Words and Customs, 1st Ed. (1851, 319) - Benjamin H. Hall

The Editor has an indistinct recollection of a sheet of foolscap paper, on one side of which was written, perhaps a year and a half ago, a list of twenty or thirty college phrases, followed by the euphonious titles of " Yale Coll.," « Harvard Coll." Next he calls to mind two blue-covered books, turned from their original use, as receptacles of Latin and Greek exercises, containing explanations of these and many other phrases. His friends heard that he was hunting up odd words and queer customs, and dubbed him " Antiquarian," but in a kindly manner, spared his feelings, and did not put the vinegar " old " before it.

Two and one half quires of paper were in time covered with a strange medley, an olla-podrida of student peculiarities. Thus did he amuse himself in his leisure hours, something like one who, as Dryden says, "is for raking in Chaucer for antiquated words." By and by he heard a wish here and a wish there, whether real or otherwise he does not know, which said something about " type," " press," and used other cabalistic words, such as " copy," " devil," etc. Then there was a gathering of papers, a transcribing of passages from letters, an arranging in alphabetical order, a correcting of proofs, and the work was done, — poorly it may be, but with good intent.

Some things will be found in the following pages which are neither words nor customs peculiar to colleges, and yet they have been inserted, because it was thought they would serve to explain the character of student life, and afford a little amusement to the student himself. Society histories have been omitted, with the exception of an account of the oldest affiliated literary society in the United States.

A Collection of College Words and Customs, 2nd Ed. (1859, 508) - Benjamin H. Hall

Fearing lest venerable brows should frown with displeasure at the recital of incidents which once made those brows bright and joyous; dreading also those stern voices which might condemn as boyish, trivial, or wrong an attempt to glean a few grains of philological lore from the hitherto unrecognized corners of the fields of college life, the Editor chose to regard the brows and hear the voices from an innominate position. Not knowing lest he should at some future time regret the publication of pages which might be deemed heterodox, he caused a small edition of the work to be published, hoping, should it be judged as evil, that the error would be circumscribed in its effects, and the medium of the error buried between the dusty shelves of the second-hand collection of some rusty old bibliopole. By reason of this extreme caution, the volume has been out of print for the last four years.

In the present edition, the contents of the work have been carefully revised, and new articles, nlling about two hundred pages, have been interspersed throughout the volume, arranged under appropriate titles. Numerous additions have been made to the collection of technicalities peculiar to the English universities, and the best authorities have been consulted in the preparation of this department. An index has also been added, containing a list of the American colleges referred to in the text in connection with particular words or customs.

The Editor is aware that many of the words here inserted are wanting in that refinement of sound and derivation which their use in classical localities might seem to imply, and that some of the customs here noticed and described are "more honored in the breach than the observance."

These facts are not, however, sufficient to outweigh his conviction that there is nothing in language or manners too insignificant for the attention of those who are desirous of studying the diversified developments of the character of man. For this reason, and for the gratification of his own taste and the tastes of many who were pleased at the inceptive step taken in the first edition, the present volume has been prepared and is now given to the public.

A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant and Vulgar Words (1859, 160) - John Camden Hotten

"Other editions have followed [after the 3rd which is unavailable here]. In the preface to his 1864 issue Mr. Hotten said the first edition contained about 3,000 words; the second edition, published twelve months later, gave upwards of 5,00; whilst the third offered nearly 10,000 words and phrases. The work contains a History of Cant, or the secret language of vagabonds; and account of the hieroglyphics used by them; and remarks on fashionable, parliamentary, military, university, religious, legal, literary, theatrical, civic, shopkeepers', workmen's,and costermongers' Slang. The Dictionary occupies pp. 65-274, and there are separate glossaries of Back or Costermongers' Slang, pp. 280-284 and Rhyming Slang, pp. 289-292." - Walter Skeat

Glossary of Supposed Americanisms (1859, 122) - Alfred Langdon Elwyn

Dictionary of Americanisms, 2nd Ed. (1859, 80) - John Russell Bartlett

Dictionary of Americanisms, 3rd Ed. (1860, 524) - John Russell Bartlett

The Book of Vagabonds and Beggars: With a Vocabulary of Their Language (1860, 64) - Martin Luther

A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words, 2nd Ed. (1860, 290) - John Camden Hotten

The Poetical Works of James R. Lowell, Vol. 2 (1864) - James R. Lowell

The "Biglow Papers" begin on p. 147.

"Numerous editions have appeared. Prof. Francis Bowen, in the 'North American Review', lxviii, pp. 187-190, says: 'Of the almost numberless imitations of the Yankee dialect this is decidedly the best we have seen. Sam Slick is a mere pretender in comparison.' Mr. C. A. Bristed, in 'Cambridge Essays', describes the GLOSSARY as occasionally satirical, but 'mostly in sober' earnest." - Walter Skeat

Common Words with Curious Derivations (1865, 119) - Charles John Smith

A Dictionary of Reduplicated Words in the English Language (1866, 104) - Henry B. Wheatley

Americanisms: The English of the New World (1872, 685) - Maximilian Schele de Vere

Contents:

The Slang Dictionary; or, The Vulgar Words, Street Phrases, and "Fast" Expressions of High and Low Society (1872, 305) - John Camden Hotten

Contents:

The Lost Beauties of the English Language (1874, 288) - Charles Mackay

The Slang Dictionary, Etymological, Historical, and Anecdotal (1874, 382) - John Camden Hotten

A Glossary; or, Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Allusions to Customs, Proverbs, Etc., Which Have Been Thought to Require Illustration, in the Works of English Authors, Particularly Shakespeare and His Contemporaries. A New Edition with Considerable Additions Both of Words and Examples (1901) - Robert Nares, James O. Halliwell, Thomas Wright

PREFACE OF THE EDITORS [Halliwell and Wright]

Robert Nares, the author of the following Glossary, was during his whole life an active man of letters, though the great mass of his labours have not left any very permanent mark on the literature of his day. He was born at York on the 9th of June, 1753, and was the son of Dr. James Nares, the celebrated composer and teacher of music, and organist to George II and George III. The Doctor's brother, and the uncle of Robert Nares, was sir George Nares, who sat during fifteen years on the bench of Common Pleas. Robert Nares received his first education in Westminster School, where, in 1767, at the early age of fourteen, he was at the head of his election as king's scholar. In 1771, he was elected to a studentship of Christ Church, Oxford, where he took his bachelor's degree in 1775, and his master's degree in 1778, and entered holy orders. From 1779 to 1783, he held the situation of tutor to the two Wynns (sir Watkin and Charles Williams), residing with them at Wynnstay, and during the season in London. During this period he wrote prologues, epilogues, and light pieces, for the private dramatic fetes at Wynnstay, as well as a considerable number of essays on various subjects for periodicals. In 1782, Christ Church presented him with the small living of Easton Mawdit in Northamptonshire, and soon afterwards he received that of Doddington from the lord Chancellor. In 1784, Nares published his first philological work, the 'Elements of Orthoepy.' The same year he married Elizabeth Bayley, the youngest daughter of Thomas Bayley, of Chelmsford, who died in child-bed in 1785. He resumed his connection with the Wynns from 1786 to 1788, while his pupils were at Westminster School, and he acted as assistant-preacher at Berkeley Chapel. In 1787, he was appointed chaplain to the duke of York, and in the year following he was chosen assistant-preacher to the Honorable Society of Lincoln's Inn, a post wliich he held during fifteen years. He had now become the centre of a large circle of friends and acquaintances, by whom he was respected not only as a gentleman and scholar but as a sound divine and sincere Christian, and to whom he was endeared by many social qualities ; and he produced a considerable number of political as well as other essays and pamphlets. This literary activity led. in 1793, to his starting that well-known periodical, the ' British Critic,' in conjunction with Beloe. Nares conducted this journal until its forty-second volume, when be resigned it. He was about this time appointed assistantlibrarian in the British Museum, and was subsequently librarian of the manuscript department in that institution during twelve years, in which capacity he edited the third volume of the 'Harleian Catalogue.' In 179-1, Nares lost his second wife, a Miss Fleetwood, of London, who also died after the birth of a son, who lived only a few weeks. In 1796, lord Loughborough gave him the living of Dalby in Leicestershire, and in 1798 that of Sharnford; and bishop Cornwallis made him a canon residentiary of Litchfield. Bishop Porteus gave him the small prebend of Islington in St. Paul's; and, in 1800, the bishop of Litchfield made him archdeacon of Stafford, with which his ecclesiastical preferments end. In this year (1800), Nares married the daughter of the Rev. Dr. Smyth, head master of Westminster School, who survived him. In 1805 he resigned his vicarage of Easton Mawdit, and also his situation in the British Museum, and went to reside at the vicarage at Reading, where he lived till 1818. In this year, his desire for a more free enjoyment of London society led him to exchange to Allhallows, London Wall, the duties of which he continued to discharge until within about a month of his death, with an absence usually of two months in the year at Litchfield. In 1822, Nares published his 'Glossary; or Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Allusions to Customs, Proverbs, &c, which have been thought to require illustration, in the Works of English Authors, particularly •Shakespeare, and his Contemporaries.' This was his last and his most important »vork, though he still continued to mix actively in literary society, where he pleased by his agreeable and unassuming manners. He was one of the founders of the Royal Society of Literature, and one of its earlier presidents, and he contributed to its transactions. Robert Nares died on the 23d of March, 1829, at the age of seventy-five.

It is to his ' Glossary ' that Nares owes chiefly his literary fame. An experience of thirty-six years, during which the class of studies to which it especially belongs has made great advance, has established its reputation as the best and most useful work we possess for explaining and illustrating the obsolete language and the customs and manners of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and it is quite indispensable to the readers of the literature of the Elizabethan period. It is a necessary companion to the dramatic writers. The numerous criticisms on the difficulties of the text of Shakespeare, scattered throughout this work, are characterised by a degree of soberness and good sense, as well as by a profound knowledge of the literature of his age, which are by no means common among the commentators on the great bard. In spite of these recommendations, Nares's Glossary has hitherto only passed through one edition in this country. It was published in an inconvenient form, a large quarto volume, and had become sufficiently rare and expensive to place it beyond the reach of a large proportion of those who now take an interest in the literature of the period which it illustrate* and require it as a book of reference. It was, therefore, to supply an absolute want, that the present edition was undertaken. The field in which Nares laboured, though wide in his time, has been considerably enlarged since, and there are few students in the literature of the Elizabethan period who, in using his work, have not been able to add to it words and phrases which had not fallen under his notice, or new and valuable examples illustrative of those which he had given. The editors had made a large collection of such additions, and with this advantage it was thought desirable to give something more than a bare reprint. It is evident that a work like this can never be complete; but it is believed that by these additions Nares's Glossary may be made somewhat more so, and at all events it cannot but be rendered more useful. The additional words and examples are distinguished from those in the original text by a f prefixed to them. The principle followed in the selection of these additions has been to give words and phrases from books popular at the time when they were published, which have become now very rare, tending to clear up difficulties in writers of that age who are more generally known or who are better deserving of general attention. From these illustrations, some words and phrases only partially understood before, will now receive new light; while others are given because they are rare and curious, and may explain difficult passages in authors of this period which have not yet been brought into discussion. It is for this reason that some new words, the meaning of which could only be given by conjecture, have been left with no other explanation than that furnished by the passages in which they occur; future researches may fix their meaning more exactly. To these additious, and to a correct reprint of Nares, the editors have almost limited themselves. The errors of his book are comparatively so few, and of so little importance, that it has been thought advisable to interfere as little as possible with his text. A few necessary corrections only, with some slight modifications of what he has written, have been added within brackets [ ], to keep them distinct from the rest. It remains only to add that a few additional words have been contributed by friends; and among these the editors cannot but acknowledge their obligations to the Rev. Richard Hooper, to whom the public owes so excellent an edition of Chapman's Homer.

Leaves from a Word-Hunter's Note-Book (1876, 316) - Abram Smythe Palmer

The Gaelic Etymology of the English and Lowland Scotch, and of Their Slang (1877, 604) - Charles Mackay

The Fraternitye of Vacabondes (1880, 112) - J. Awdeley

A Scientific and Literary Treasury (1880, 820) - Samuel Maunder

Ab-O'Th-Yate's Dictionary; or, Walmsley Fowt Skoomester. Put T'Gether by Th' Hep o' Fause Juddie (1881, 237) - Benjamin Brierley

Folk-Etymology: A Dictionary of Verbal Corruptions or Words Perverted in Form or Meaning, by False Derivation or Mistaken Analogy (1882, 664) - Abram Smythe Palmer

Glossary of Terms and Phrases (1885, 521) - Henry Percy Smith

The Bizarre Notes and Queries (1886-?)

A Glossary of Obscure Words and Phrases in the Writings of Shakespeare and His Contemporaries (1887, 455) - Charles Mackay

Londinismen Slang und Cant (1887, 239) - Heinrich Baumann

Familiar Allusions (1887, 584) - William A. Wheeler and Charles G. Wheeler

Sobriquets and Nicknames (1888, 482) - Albert R. Frey

We are informed that in the fourteenth century the word sobriquet was employed to express a sound of contempt, " half whistle and half jeer," and that in pronouncing it the chin was slightly and rapidly elevated. In the course of time the term has undergone some modifications, and the reader of to-day, no matter to what especial branch of literature or history he may devote himself, must have encountered these peculiar nicknames. Not infrequently their origin is difficult to determine, and consequently their application is lost in the majority of instances. It was only a few weeks ago that I read of " Doctor Inkpot." Now, who was the personage thus quaintly dubbed ? Search in your encyclopsedia and of course you will not find him. And who would think of seeking for the answer in that great storehouse, the Athense Oxonlensis ?

It appears somewhat strange that no book has as yet been issued which is devoted to the explanation and derivation of these witty, and, in some instances, abusive, appellations; and to remedy this defect the present work was undertaken.

Fugitive Facts: A Dictionary of Rare and Curious Information (1889, 491) - Robert Thorne

The Reader's Handbook of Allusions, References, Plots and Stories (1889, 1170) - Ebenezer C. Brewer

Americanisms Old and New (1889, 564) - John Stephen Farmer

Argot and Slang: A New French and English Dictionary of the Cant Words (1889, 483) - Albert Marie Victor Barrere

Dictionary of Americanisms, 4th Ed. (1889, 813) - John Russell Bartlett

"American writers on this subject have mostly erred both by default and excess; they have omitted distinctive American peculiarities, and they have set down as Americanisms expressions which are only vulgarisms, or not even that. Thus, Bartlett's book, while it fails to notice some notorious Americanisms, admits a number of expressions which are perfectly good English, or, at any rate, perfectly English." - C. A. Bristed, in "Cambridge Essays" (1855)

The Breitmann Ballads (1889, 317) - Charles G. Leland

"This work ['Hans Breitmann's Party and Other Ballads'], which is in the mixed Anglo-German dialect of the German settlers in the United States, was followed by 'Hans Breitmann About Town,' 'Hans Breitmann in Church,' 'Hans Breitmann as a Uhlan,' 'Hans Breitmann in Europe,' and a collected edition was published in Philadelphia in 1871 in two volumes." - Walter Skeat

Gleanings for the Curious from the Harvest-Fields of Literature (1890, 864) - Charles C. Bombaugh

The electrotype plates of a compilation which maintained remarkable popularity for more than thirty years, ''Gleanings for the Curious from the Harvest Fields of Literature," having been destroyed in the fire which wrecked the extensive plant of the J. B. Lippincott Company in November, 1899, the publishers requested the compiler to prepare a companion volume on similar lines. Like its predecessor, at once grave and sportive, the present miscellany offers, as Butler says, " a running banquet that hath much variety, but little of a sort." It is a handy book for the shady nook in summer, or the cosey fireside in winter ; for the traveller in a parlor-car, or on an ocean-steamer; for the military post, or the wardroom of a war-ship; for the waiting-room of a doctor or a dentist; for the stray half-hour whenever or wherever it may chance. It is not for a class of readers, but for the multitude. Even the scholar, who will find little in its pages with which he is unfamiliar, will have ready reference to facts and fancies which are not always within convenient reach. Even the captains of industry, in momeuts of relaxation, may find in its manifold topics something more than what Autolycus calls "unconsidered trifles." It makes no pretension ^to systematic completeness; it is at best, fragmentary, ^but as we are told in "Guesses at Truth," a dinner of ^-fragments is often the best dinner, and in the absence rof a uniform web, patchwork may have a charm of it; ^own.

Political Americanisms: A Glossary (1890, 135) - Charles Ledyard Norton

A Dictionary of Slang, Jargon and Cant Embracing English, American, and Anglo-Indian Slang Pidgin English, Tinkers' Jargon and Other Irregular Phraseology (1890) - Albert Barrere

There have been many dictionaries of English Slang since the tentative Cant glossaries of Awdeley and Harman in the sixteenth century, but the present work is one of the most important.

Before this dictionary appeared, Barrere had already distinguished himself with the publication of his Argot and Slang: A New French and English'Dictionary (privately printed, Chiswick Press, London, 1887). That valuable work set the style for the present dictionary and also for the Dictionary of Slang and Its Analogues of John S. Farmer and William Ernest Henley (7 volumes, 1890-1904). The first volume of Farmer & Henley appeared soon after Barrere and Leland had completed their work, although the former dictionary was not completed for another fourteen years. Barrere and Leland were first in the field, but these two notable dictionaries were so very different in scope and siie that they can hardly be regarded as competitors.

One of the great virtues of this useful Barrere & Leland is that it's an easy book to handle. It is alert, instructive and readable, very much to the point, and contains no padding.

It is sometimes difficult for a dictionary of Slang to avoid the charge of vulgarity. It was the fate of n?ost of the great Slang dictionaries of the late nineteenth century to be hampered by the prudishness of their period, and in most instances the complete first edition is superior to later condensed and revised editions. Barrere's Argot and Slang of 1887 was reissued in the 1890's in an expurgated version, while the Farmer & Henley seven volumes were drastically abridged into one tame volume as A Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English in 1905. The present work of Barrere & Leland was also reduced to a single volume in 1897, with some material omitted, but the present reprint is the complete edition of 1889-90.

Another feature which this work has in common with Farmer & Henley is that both books had picturesque editors. The mysterious and versatile John Stephen Fanner and his collaborator, W. E. Henley, have been frequently discussed. Charles Godfrey Leland (18241903), co-author of the present book, was an American who was in Paris during the revolution of 1848 and actually took part in it. Later he went to England and studied the life and language of the gypsies. He even discovered and elucidated "Shelta," the secret language of the Irish tinkers, and wrote the once-famous Breitmann Ballads and many other highly original works.

Albert Marie Victor Barrere (18467-1921), Officier de la Legion d'Honneur and Officier de l'Institution Publique, was a Professor of French at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, England. He was also responsible for a score of useful works. He edited French texts of Dumas, Hugo and other authors, compiled Examination papers, a French language course, and a Dictionary of English and French Military Terms (1895-6; 1918); he was also in charge of Hachette's French Directory (1909-10). A Modern Welcome

He was an authority on French slang, and knew far more about English slang than Leland. The latter, however, contributed some useful American material and a number of gypsy words. Barrere and Leland got along well together. They had the good sense to call in help from numerous good scholars and many rather more worldly persons, and achieved a valuable work which earned a high place in the literature of Slang. Although they made several claims that might be difficult to substantiate, their book is neither arrogant nor wrongheaded.

At one time—so long ago that I can remember the experience with a wry pleasure—I thoroughly examined both Barrere & Leland, and Farmer & Henley. That memory is so vivid that I can recall saying to myself "You wear well, both of you, and I shouldn't care to have been deprived of your cheerful, informative and most helpful company." Indeed, nobody studying Slang can afford to ignore either work. Both the first edition of Barrere & Leland and the original seven volumes of Farmer & Henley are very scarce books, and unless you were born lucky you had to pay a stiff price for them. Now that the Farmer & Henley volumes have been reprinted it is good to see the Barrere & Leland easily available once more. The present reprint is a welcome one of the best and fullest edition of a key dictionary of English Slang.

ERIC PARTRIDGE London 1967

The American Slang Dictionary (1891, 308) - James Maitland

Slang and Its Analogues Past and Present. A Dictionary, Historical and Comparative, of the Heterodox Speech of All Classes of Society for More Than Three Hundred Years, with Synonyms in English, French, German, Italian, Etc. (1890-1904) - John S. Farmer

The work will comprise:
  1. A dictionary of ancient and modern English slang, treated historically, including copious lists of English, French, German, and Italian synonyms, etc.
  2. A chapter on the comparative study of the subject; this embraces English cant and slang, French Argot, German Gaunersprache, Italian Fourbesque, Spanish Germania, and Portuguese Calao.
  3. A new and exhaustive bibliography, with copious entries of foreign books treating of the subject.
  4. A list of authorities and references to periodical literature, with full titles and dates as mentioned throughout the dictionary.
  5. A complete vocabulary of all foreign slang words and expressions occurring throughout the body of the work, with detailed references to example, page, and column. This will form in itself a comprehensive dictionary of foreign slang.

Fact, Fancy, and Fable: A New Handbook (1892, 536) - Henry Frederic Reddall

Dictionary of the Slang-English of Australia and of Some Mixed Languages (1892, 237) - Karl August Lentzner

Deutsches Slang (1892, 73) - Arnold Genthe

A Glossary of Colloquial, Slang and Technical Terms in Use on the Stock Exchange (1895, 210) - Alexander Johnstone Wilson

Musa Pedestris: Three Centuries of Canting Songs and Slang Rhymes (1536-1896) (1896, 251) - John Stephen Farmer

The Public School Word-Book: A Contribution to a Historical Glossary of Words, Phrases, and Turns of Expression Obsolete and In Present use Peculiar to Our Great Public Schools (1900, 243) - John Stephen Farmer

Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (1900, 1440) - E. Cobham Brewer

Odd Derivations of Words, Phrases, Slang, Synonyms and Proverbs (1900, 335) - William Hardcastle Browne

Dictionary of Idiomatic English Phrases (1902, 384) - James Main Dixon

Word-Coinage: An Inquiry Into Recent Neologisms (1902, 281) - Leon Mead

American-Japanese Slang Dictionary (1903, 323) - Naokichi Nakajima

Londinismen (slang und cant) Worterbuch der Londoner Volkssprache (1903, 285) - Heinrich Baumann

Dictionary of Historical Allusions (1904, 306) - Thomas B. Harbottle

The Folk and Their Word-Lore: An Essay on Popular Etymologies (1904, 194) - Abram Smythe Palmer

Faiths and Folklore: A Dictionary of National Beliefs, Superstitions and Popular Customs, Past and Current, with Their Classical and Foreign Analogues, Described and Illustrated - William C. Hazlitt (1905)

A Dictionary of Slang and Colloquial English (1905, 533) - John S. Farmer and William E. Henley

Facts and Fancies for the Curious from the Harvest-Fields of Literature (1905, 647) - Charles C. Bombaugh

A Select Glossary of English Words Used Formerly in Senses Different from Their Present (1906, 230) - Richard C. Trench and Abram S. Palmer

A Dictionary of Political Phrases and Allusions (1906, 406) - Hugh Montgomery and Philip G. Cambray

The Literature of Roguery (1907) - Frank W. Chandler

The Silly Syclopedia: Slang Language of the U.S. Naval Academy (1908, 72) - Andrew L. Pendleton, Jr.

The Reader's Handbook of Famous Names in Fiction, Allusions and References (1910, 1243)

An American Glossary (1912) - Richard H. Thornton

A Vocabulary of Criminal Slang (1914, 103) - Louis E. Jackson and C. R. Hellyer

The American Language (1921, 492) - H. L Mencken

Dictionary of English Phrases: Phraseological Allusions, Catchwords, Stereotyped Modes of Speech and Metaphors, Nicknames, Sobriquets, Derivations from Personal Names, Etc. with Explanations and Thousands of Exact References to Their Sources or Early Usage (1922, 365) - Albert M. Hyamson

A Glossary of French Slang (1922, 163) - Olivier Leroy

BIOGRAPHY

American Medical Biography, Vol. 1 (1828, 436) - James Thacher

American Medical Biography, Vol. 2 (1828, 280) - James Thacher

American Medical Biography (1845, 664) - Stephen West Williams

Cyclopedia of Universal Biography (1856, 821) - Parke Godwin

The American Encyclopedia of History, Biography and Travel (1856, 1007) - William O. B

The Dictionary of Biographical Reference (1871, 1020) - Lawrence B. Phillips

A Dictionary of Educational Biography (1901, 287) - Charles W. Bardeen

Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology, Vol. 1, 3rd Ed. (1901, 1-1278)

Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology, Vol. 2, 3rd Ed. (1901, 1279-2531)

A Dictionary of American Authors, 5th Ed. (1904, 587) - Oscar Fay Adams

Bibliographical Notes on One Hundred Books Famous in English Literature (1903, 227) - Henry Watson Kent

Warner's Dictionary of Authors Ancient and Modern (1910, 619) - Charles Dudley Warner, Hamilton W. Mabie, Lucia I. G. Runkle, George H. Warner

Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology, Vol. 1, 4th Ed. (1915, 1-1278)

Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology, Vol. 2, 4th Ed. (1915, 1279-2550)

A Cyclopedia of American Medical Biography (1920, 1320) - Howard Atwood Kelly

UNDERWORLD, ROGUERY, OUTSIDERS, ECCENTRICS, ETC.

An Essay on Privateers, Captures, and Particularly on Recaptures (1801, 240) - Georg Friedrich Martens

The Eccentric Mirror, Vol. 1 (1807) - G. H. Wilson

The Eccentric Mirror, Vol. 2 (1807) - G. H. Wilson

The Eccentric Mirror, Vol. 3 (1807) - G. H. Wilson

The Eccentric Mirror, Vol. 4 (1807) - G. H. Wilson

The Surprising Adventures of Bampfylde Moore Carew, King of the Beggars (1812, 288) - Bampfylde M. Carew

Portraits, Memoirs and Characters of Remarkable Persons, Vol. 1 (1819) - James Caulfield

Portraits, Memoirs and Characters of Remarkable Persons, Vol. 2 (1819) - James Caulfield

The London Guide (1819)

Portraits, Memoirs and Characters of Remarkable Persons, Vol. 3 (1820) - James Caulfield

Portraits, Memoirs and Characters of Remarkable Persons, Vol. 4 (1820) - James Caulfield

Vagabondiana: Mendicant Wanderers Through the Streets of London (1823) - John T. Smith and Francis Douce

Biographical Sketches of Eccentric Characters (1830)

The Book of Vagabonds and Beggars (1860, 64) - Martin Luther and John C. Hotten

"Only continental cant, many words of which, however, are used in England, and especially by gypsies." - Walter Skeat

London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 1 (1861, 494) - Henry Mayhew

London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 2 (1861, 512) - Henry Mayhew

London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 3 (1861, 442) - Henry Mayhew

The Criminal Prisons of London (1862, 634) - Henry Maynew and John Binny

Eccentric Personages (1866, 418) - William Russell

Curiosities of Street Literature (1871, 244) - Charles Hindley

The English Gipsies and Their Language (1873, 259) - Charles G. Leland

Celebrated Claimants: Ancient and Modern, 2nd Ed. (1874, 311) - Chatto and Windus

The Book of Remarkable Trials and Notorious Characters (1874, 545) - L. Benson

Three Years with Counterfeiters, Smugglers and Boodle Carriers (1875, 436) - George P. Burnham

The Great and Eccentric Characters of the World (1877, 799)

The Bagford Ballads, Vol. 1 (1878) - Joseph W. Ebsworth

The Bagford Ballads, Vol. 2 (1878) - Joseph W. Ebsworth

London Characters (1881, 447) - Henry Mayhew

A History of the Cries of London (1881, 80) - Charles Hindley

The Life and Adventures of a Cheap Jack (1881, 336) - Charles Hindley

Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne, Vol. 1 (1882) - John Ashton

Social Life in the Reign of Queen Anne, Vol. 2 (1882) - John Ashton

Lives and Exploits of English Highwaymen, Pirates and Robbers (1883, 422) - Charles Whitehead

A History of Vagrants and Vagrancy and Beggars and Begging (1887, 720) - Charles J. Ribton-Turner

The True History of Tom and Jerry (1888, 216) - Charles Hindley

Amusing Prose Chap-Books (1889, 350) - Robert H. Cunningham

Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling (1891, 271) - Charles G. Leland

Lives of Twelve Bad Men: Original Studies of Eminent Scoundrels (1894, 373) - Thomas Seccombe

Life in London (1904, 297) - Pierce Egan

Devonshire Characters and Strange Events (1908, 813) - Sabine Baring-Gould

Half Hours with the Highwaymen, Vol. 1 (1908, 397) - Charles G. Harper

Half Hours with the Highwaymen, Vol. 2 (1908, 396) - Charles G. Harper

A Book of Scoundrels (1912, 287) - Charles Whibley

ENGLISH DIALECTS AND PRECURSORS

Glossographia Anglicana (1707, 584) - Thomas Blount

Dictionarium Anglo-Britannicum, 2nd Ed. (1715, 80) - John Kersey

An English Dictionary (1717) - Elisha Coles

An English Expositor (1719, 120) - John Bullokar

The New World of Words, 7th Ed. (1720, 708) - Edward Phillips

An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, 2nd Ed. (1724, 968) - Nathan Bailey

Dictionarium Rusticum, Urbanicum and Botanicum, Vol. 1 (1726) - Nathan Bailey and John Worlidge

Dictionarium Rusticum, Urbanicum and Botanicum, Vol. 2 (1726) - Nathan Bailey and John Worlidge

Lingua Britannica Reformata: or, a New English Dictionary (1749, 560) - Benjamin Martin

An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, 13th Ed. (1749) - Nathan Bailey

An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, 23rd Ed. (1773, 912) - Nathan Bailey

An Universal Etymological English Dictionary, 24th Ed. (1782) - Nathan Bailey

Anecdotes of the English Language; Chiefly Regarding the Local Dialect of London and Its Environs (1803, 325) - Samuel Pegge

A Provincial Glossary; with a Collection of Local Proverbs and Popular Superstitions (1811, 204) - Francis Grose

A Glossary of Words and Phrases (1816, 156) - White Kennett

Suffolk Words and Phrases (1823, 525) - Edward Moor

Observations on Some of the Dialects in the West of England (1825, 191) - James Jennings

The Dialect of Craven, 2nd Ed., Vol. 1 (1828, 336) - William Carr

The Dialect of Craven, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (1828, 359) - William Carr

The Hallamshire Glossary (1829, 163) - Joseph Hunter

The Vocabulary of East Anglia, Vol. 1 (1830, 1-126) - Robert Forby

The Vocabulary of East Anglia, Vol. 2 (1830, 126-435) - Robert Forby

A Glossary of Obsolete and Uncommon Words (1834, 467) - William Toone

A Dialogue in the Devonshire Dialect (1837, 99) - Mary R. Palmer

Westmoreland and Cumberland Dialects (1839, 403) - John R. Smith

A Glossary of Provincial and Local Words Used in England (1839, 188) - Francis Grose, Samuel Pegge

A Glossary of Words Used in Herefordshire (1839, 132) - George C. Lewis

Salopia Antiqua: A Glossary of Words Used in Shropshire (1841, 640) - Charles H. Hartshorne

Glossary of Words and Phrases in Use in Wiltshire (1842, 60) - John Y. Akerman

A Glossary of North Country Words, Vol. 1 (1846, 254) - John T. Brockett and William E. Brockett

A Glossary of North Country Words, Vol. 2 (1846, 242) - John T. Brockett and William E. Brockett

A Glossary of Provincial Words Used in Teesdale (1849, 151) - Frederick Dinsdale

A Glossary of the Provincialisms in Use in the County of Sussex, 2nd Ed. (1853, 88) - William Durrant Cooper

Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases, Vol. 1 (1854, 411) - Anne E. Baker

The Dialect of South Lancashire (1854, 266) - Tim Bobbin and Samuel Bamford

A Compendious Anglo-Saxon and English Dictionary (1855, 278) - Joseph Bosworth

The Somersetshire Dialect (1861, 50) - Thomas S. Baynes

A Dictionary of the First, or Oldest Words in the English Language: From the Semi-Saxon Period of A.D. 1250 to 1300. Consisting of an Alphabetical Inventory of Every Word Found in the Printed English Literature of the 13th Century (1862, 102) - Herbert Coleridge

English Roots: and the Derivation of Words from the Ancient Anglo-Saxon, 3rd Ed. (1863, 223) - Edward Newenham Hoare

An Historical Sketch of the Provincial Dialects of England (1863, 126) - James O. Halliwell-Phillips

Lexicon Cornu-Britannicum: A Dictionary of the Ancient Celtic Language of Cornwall (1865, 398) - Robert Williams

Glossary of the Dialect and Provincialisms of East Anglia (1866, 314) - John Greaves Nall

An Anglo-Saxon Delectus, 2nd Ed. (1866, 78) - W. Barnes

A Moeso-Gothic Glossary (1868, 340) - Walter W. Skeat

The Dialect of the West of England (1869, 167) - James Jennings

Early English Pronunciation (1869-1889)

Glossary of Words Used in Swindale, Yorkshire (1873, 37) - Captain Harland

Reprinted Glossaries, Vol. 2 (1874, 122) - Walter W. Skeat

  1. North of England Words - J. H. (1781)
  2. Provincialisms of East Yorkshore - Mr. Marshall (1788)
  3. Provincialisms of East Norfolk - Mr. Marshall (1787)
  4. Provincialisms of the Vale of Glocester - Mr. Marshall (1789)
  5. Provincialisms of the Midland Counties - Mr. Marshall (1790)
  6. Provincialisms of West Devonshire - Mr. Marshall (1796)
  7. A Glossary of Words Used in the West Riding of Yorkshire - Dr. Willan (1811)

The Dialect of the English Gypsies, 2nd Ed. (1875, 302) - Bath C. Smart and Henry T. Crofton

A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect (1875, 144) - William D. Parish

Old Words and New Meanings: Being a Collection of Examples from Ancient and Modern English Authors Illustrating Some Changes in the Use of Language (1876, 314) - Thomas Whitcombe Greene

Original Glossaries, and Glossaries with Fresh Additions (1876, 149) - Walter W. Skeat

  1. Cleveland Words - J. C. Atkinson
  2. An Alphabet of Kenticisms - S. Pegge (1736)
  3. Surrey Provincialisms - G. L. Gower
  4. Oxfordshire Words - Mrs. Parker
  5. South-Warwickshire Words - Mrs. Francis

A Glossary of Words Used in the Dialect of Cheshire (1877, 238) - Egerton Leigh

A Glossary of Words Used in Holderness (1877, 161) - Frederick Ross and Richard Stead

A Glossary of Words Used in Mid-Yorkshire (1877, 164) - C. Clough Robinson

A Bibliographical List of Works Illustrative of the Various Dialects of English (1877, 201) - Walter W. Skeat and J. H. Nodal

A Glossary of Words Used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham (1877, 281) - Edward Peacock

Shropshire Word-Book: A Glossary of Archaic and Provincial Words (1879, 524) - Georgina F. Jackson

Specimens of English Dialects (1879, 222) - F. T. Elworthy and William W. Skeat

  1. Devonshire: An Exmoor Scolding and Courtship
  2. Westmoreland: A Bran New Wark

A Glossary of the Essex Dialect (1880, 64) - Richard S. Charnock

Glossary of Words in Cornwall (1880, 110) - Margaret A. Courtney and Thomas Q. Couch

Old Country and Farming Words: Gleaned from Agricultural Books (1880, 191) - James Britten

Glossary of Words in the Counties of Antrim and Down (1880, 118) - William H. Patterson

A Dictionary of the Old English Language (1881, 659) - Francis H. Stratmann

Leicestershire Words, Phrases and Proverbs (1881, 303) - Arther B. Evans

An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1882, 1302) - Joseph Bosworth and Thomas N. Toller

Glossary of the Ancient Language and Dialect of Cornwall (1882, 351) - Frederick W. P. Jago

English Dialect Words of the Eighteenth Century (1883, 214) - Nathan Bailey

A Handy Anglo-Saxon Dictionary (1885, 318) - James A. Harrison and W. M. Baskervill

A Glossary of the Dorset Dialect (1886, 124) - William Barnes

A Glossary of Words Used in the County of Chester (1886, 513) - Robert Holland

The Dialect of West Somerset (1886, 78) - Frederic T. Elworthy

The Grammar of the Dialect of West Somerset (1886, 118) - Frederic T. Elworthy

The West Somerset Word-Book: A Glossary (1886, 876) - Frederic T. Elworthy

Dictionary of Obsolete and Provincial English (1886) - Thomas Wright

General Dictionary of Provincialisms (1888, 194) - William Holloway

Glossary of Words Used in Sheffield (1888, 331) - Sidney O. Addy

Glossary of Terms Used in the Coal Trade of Northumberland and Durham, 3rd Ed. (1888, 92) - George C. Greenwell

A Concise Dictionary of Middle English from AD 1150 to 1580 (1888, 272) - Anthony L. Mayhew and Walter W. Skeat

A Glossary of Words Used in the Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, 2nd Ed. (1889, 636) - Edward Peacock

The Dialect of Hartland, Devonshire (1891, 123) - Richard P. Chope

The Old and Middle English (1891, 612) - Thomas L. Kington-Oliphant

Dialect of the West Riding of Yorkshire (1891, 142) - Samuel Dyer

A Glossary of Surrey Words (1891, 46) - Granville L. Gower

The Origin and History of the English Language, and of the Early Literature It Embodies (1892, 574) - George Perkins Marsh

A Glossary of Words and Phrases Used in S.E. Worcestershire (1894, 94) - Jesse Salisbury

Folk-Phrases of Four Counties (Glouc., Staff., Warw., Worc.) (1894, 46) - G. F. Northall

A List of Words and Phrases in Every-Day Use by the Natives of Hetton-Le-Hole (1894, 52) - F. M. T. Palgrave

A Glossary of the Old Northumbrian Gospels (1894, 263) - Albert S. Cook

A Glossary of Words Used in East Anglia (1895, 252) - Walter Rye and Robert Forby

Two Collections of Derbicisms (1896, 138) - Samuel Pegge and Thomas Hallam

A Bibliographical List of Works Illustrative of the Dialect of Northumberland (1896, 40) - Richard O. Heslop and Harry Haldane

Nine Specimens of English Dialects (1896, 193) - William W. Skeat

English Dialect Dictionary (1898-1905)

Shakespeare-Lexicon: A Complete Dictionary of All the Words, Vol. 1 (1902, 1-678)

Shakespeare-Lexicon: A Complete Dictionary of All the Words, Vol. 2 (1902, 678-1485)

The Grammar of the Dialect of West Somerset (1905, 182) - Etsko Kruisinga

Romano Lavo-Lil: Word-Book of the Romany or, English Gypsy Language (1907, 274) - George H. Borrow

Rustic Speech and Folk-Lore (1913, 341) - Elizabeth Mary Wright

NON-ENGLISH LANGUAGES

META

Trubner's Catalogue of Dictionaries and Grammars of the Principal Languages, 2nd Ed. (1882, 170)

PRIMARY

A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi and English (1884, 1259) - John Thompson Platts

A Dictionary of the Targumin, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi (1886-1903) - Marcus Jastrow

Bibliography of the Eskimo Language (1887, 116) - James C. Pilling

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL

The Domestic Encyclopaedia; or, a Dictionary of Facts and Useful Knowledge. Comprehending a Concise View of the Latest Discoveries, Inventions, and Improvements. Chiefly Applicable to Rural and Domestic Economy. Together With Descriptions of the Most Interesting Objects of Nature and Art; The History of Men and Animals, in a State of Health or Disease; and Practical Hints Respecting the Arts and Manufactures, Both Familiar and Commercial (1802) - A. F. M. Willich

ADVERTISEMENT, generally, signifies any information given to those who are interested in a common concern. It more particularly alludes to a short account of an affair inserted in a public newspaper. We should have scarcely noticed this article, had it not been with a view to caution the unwary, and animadvert upon the fraudulent practices to which the advertisements of the present day are frequently subservient; for instance, those of money-lenders, servants' office-keepers, agents for place-men, adventurers, marriagebrokers, and other unprincipled individuals, who prey upon the credulity of the public. Hence, we venture to suggest an opinion, that it would be more conducive to the interests of society, if the public prints were subjected to some regulations in this respect; and that no advertisement could be inserted, without being authenticated before a magistrate. By this precaution, the editor and printer of a newspaper, who sometimes become the innocent accomplices of fraud or swindling, would be secured against the attempts of those who frequently avail themselves of this mode of publication, to make it a vehicle for falsehood and depredation.

Universal Technological Dictionary: or, Familiar Explanations of the Terms Used in All Arts and Sciences (1823) - George Crabb

A Hand-Book; or Concise Dictionary of Terms Used in the Arts and Sciences (1825, 451) - Walter Hamilton

The Engineer's and Mechanic's Encyclopeadia - Luke Hebert

Cyclopaedia of Chemistry with Applications to Mineralogy, Physiology, and the Arts (1854, 539) - Robert D. Thomson

A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines (1858) - Andrew Ure

Since this book is not a Methodical Treatise, but a Dictionary, one extensive subject may be necessarily dispersed through many articles. Thus, for example, information upon the manufacture of Colors will be found under azure ; black pigment ; bone-black ; bronze ; brown dye ; calico-printing ; carmine ; carthamus ; chromium ; cochineal ; crayons ; dyeing ; enamels ; gold ; gilding ; gamboge ; gray dye ; green dye ; green paints ; indigo ; kermès; lac dye; lakes; madder; massicot; mercury, periodide of; Naples yellow; orange dye; orpiment; paints, grinding of; ochres; paper-hangings; pastes ; pearl white; Persian berries; pottery pigments ; Prussian blue; purple of Cassius; red lead; rouge; Scheele's green; Schweinfurth green; stained glass; terra di Sienna; ultramarine; umber; verditer ; vermilion; vitrifiable colors, weld, white lead ; woad, yellow king's.

A Treasury of Natural History, or, a Popular Dictionary of Zoology (1862, 798) - Samuel Maunder, Thomas S. Cobbold

AGOUTI. (Dasyprocta.) A genus of Mammalia belonging to the order Rodentia, and classed with the Cavaidae, or guinea-pig tribe. It is found In great abundance throughout South America ; and as it bears some rude resemblance in its form and manner of living to the hare and rabbit, though it varies from both very ensentially, it has sometimes been denominated the rabbit of that continent. It, however, varies still more from that animal in its habitude and disposition, than in its form. It has in a great measure the external covering of a hog; so also has it the hog's voracious appetite : It eats indiscriminately of every thing that comes in its way; and, when satiated, conceals the remainder, like the dog and fox, for a future occasion. The Agouti secretes itself in the holes of trees; its ordinary food consisting of potatoes, yams, and the fruits which fall in autumn. It uses its fore-paws, like the squirrel, to convey the food to its mouth ; aud as its hind legs are very long, it runs, or rather leap«, with considerable swiftness. The flesh is white and tender, and when fat and well dressed it is by no means unpalatable food. Agoutis are particularly destructive to the sugar-cane : the planters consequently use every means to catch them; and although they are still numerous in most places which are not settled and cultivated, their number is not now to be compared with what it was even long after the first colonists took possession of the West India islands. There is one kind of Agouti called the Mora, or Patagonian Cavy, considerably larger and more elegant than any of the others. Differently from most burrowing animals, it wanders, commonly two or three together, to miles or leagues from its home. It feeds and roams about by day ; is shy and watchful ; and generally produces two young ones at a birth. Naturalists give to this kind and species the name of Dolichotis Patachonicus.

A Dictionary of Science, Literature and Art (1866-1867) - William Brande

The Dictionary of Biographical Reference (1871, 1020) - Lawrence Barnett Phillips

Spons' Dictionary of Engineering (1871-1874)

The Commercial Dictionary of Trade Products, Manufacturing and Technical Terms (1872, 463) - Peter L. Simmonds

The Gardener's Dictionary (1877, 916) - George William Johnson

A Naval Encyclopaedia (1880, 1005)

American Mechanical Dictionary: A Description of Tools, Instruments, Machines, Processes, and Engineering; History of Inventions; General Technological Vocabulary; and Digest of Mechanical Appliances in Science and the Arts (1876-1884) - Edward Henry Knight

Dictionary of Popular Names of Economic Plants (1882, 457) - John Smith

Appleton's Cyclopaedia of Applied Mechanics (1884)

A Manual of Scientific Terms: Pronouncing, Etymological, and Explanatory (1885, 488) - James Stormonth

A Dictionary of Birds (1893-1899)

Bibliography of Domestic Economy (1901, 170) - Robert Kendall Shaw

A Dictionary of Architecture and Building (1901) - Russell Sturgis

A Dictionary of Chemical Solubilities: Inorganic (1921, 1141) - Arthur Comey

Dictionary of Chemicals and Raw Products Used in Paints, Colours, Varnishes and Allied Preparations, 2nd Ed. (1917, 378) - George H. Hurst, Herbert B. Stocks

The Condensed Chemical Dictionary (1920, 533) - Francis M. Turner

A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 1 (1921) - Thomas E. Thorpe

A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 2 (1921) - Thomas E. Thorpe

A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 3 (1922) - Thomas E. Thorpe

A Dictionary of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 4 (1922) - Thomas E. Thorpe

A Dictionary of Applied Physics, Vol. 1 (1922, 1067) - Sir Richard Glazebrook

A Dictionary of Applied Physics, Vol. 2 (1922, 1104) - Sir Richard Glazebrook

MEDICAL

A Dictionary of Practical Surgery, 4th Ed. (1822, 1226) - Samuel Cooper

Lippincott's New Medical Dictionary (1910, 1108)

A Dictionary of Medical Science (1874, 1131) - Robley Dunglison

A Dictionary of Medical Science, 23rd Ed. (1903, 1212) - Robley Dunglison and Thomas Lathrop Stedman

American Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 9th Ed. (1917, 1660) - William Dorland and Edgar Miller

The American Illustrated Medical Dictionary (1917, 1178) - William Dorland

A Complete Pronouncing Medical Dictionary (1890, 844) - Joseph Thomas

A Dictionary of Treatment (1902, 1055) - Sir William Whitla

WELSH

A British, or Welsh-English Dcitionary (1753, 68) - Thomas Richards

A New English-Welsh Dictionary (1771, 80) - William Evans

A Welsh-English Dictionary (1805) - Titus Lewis

An English-Welsh Dictionary (1809, 460) - Thomas Evans

An English and Welsh Dictionary, 2nd Ed. (1811, 500) - Thomas Jones

An English and Welsh Dictionary, 3rd Ed. (1826, 500) - Thomas Jones

A New English-Welsh Dictionary, 2nd Ed. (1812, 312) - William Evans

A British, or Welsh-English Dictionary (1815, 492) - Thomas Richards

An Abridgement of the Welsh and English Dictionary (1826, 399) - William Owen

An English and Welsh Dictionary, Vol. 1, 3rd Ed. (1828, 656) - John Walters

An English and Welsh Dictionary, Vol. 2, 3rd Ed. (1828, 557) - John Walters

Welsh and English Dictionary (1828, 280) - William Richards

A Dictionary of the Welsh Language, Vol. 1, 2nd Ed. (1832, 515) - William Owen Pughe

A Dictionary of the Welsh Language, Vol. 2, 2nd Ed. (1832, 687) - William Owen Pughe

A New Pocket Dictionary of the Welsh and English Languages (1840, 394) - Ellis Jones

A Dictionary of the Welsh Language (1848) - William Spurrell

An English and Welsh Dictionary (1853, 322) - Thomas Edwards

An English and Welsh Dictionary, Vol. 1 (1858, 868) - Daniel Silvan Evans

An English and Welsh Dictionary, Vol. 2 (1858, 1094) - Daniel Silvan Evans

An English-Welsh Pronouncing Dictionary (1872, 428) - William Spurrell

A National Dictionary of the Welsh Language, 3rd Ed., Vol. 1 (1891, 672) - W. Owen Pughe and Robert John Pryse

A National Dictionary of the Welsh Langauge, 3rd Ed., Vol. 2 (1873, 638) - W. Owen Pughe and Robert John Pryse

An English and Welsh Pronouncing Dictionary (1899, 696) - Robert John Pryse

A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames (1901, 837) - Charles Wareing Endell Bardsley

PHILOSOPHY and EDUCATION

A Philosophical Dictionary (1824)

The Dictionary of Education and Instruction, 3rd Ed. (1882, 332) - Henry Kiddle, Alexander Jacob Schem

The Cyclopaedia of Education, 3rd Ed. (1883, 868) - Henry Kiddle, Alexander Jacob Schem

Sonnenschein's Cyclopaedia of Education (1889, 562) - Alfred Ewen Fletcher

Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology (1901-1905)

A Cyclopedia of Education (1911-1918)

The Encyclopaedia and Dictionary of Education (1921-1922)

RELIGION

The Pictorial Dictionary of the Holy Bible: or a Cyclopaedia of Illustrations, Vol. 2: Kadesh - Zuzims (1845, 717-1432) - William Goodhugh

Dictionary of Sects, Heresies, Ecclesiastical Parties, and Schools of Religious Thought (1874, 647) - John H. Blunt

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, Vol. 1 (1880, 1-1069) - Sir William Smith and Samuel Cheetham

A Dictionary of Christian Antiquities, Vol. 2 (1880, 1069-2060) - Sir William Smith and Samuel Cheetham

A Dictionary of Christian Biography (1877-1887)

A Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology and Religion (1879, 411) - John Dowson

Bibliotheca Theologia: A Bibliography of Theology (1883, 417) - John Fletcher Hurst

A Dictionary of Hymnology: Origin and History of Christian Hymns (1892, 1616) - John Julian

A Dictionary of Islam, 2nd Ed. (1896, 750) - Thomas Patrick Hughes

A Dictionary of the Bible (1898, 1017) - William Smith

A Dictionary of Miracles: Imitative, Realistic, and Dogmatic (1901, 582) - E. Cobham Brewer

BIBLIOMANIA

The Present State of the Republick of Letters (1728-1736) - Andrew Reid

The British Librarian, a Compendious Review of Books in All Sciences (1738, 402) - William Oldys

The Harleian Miscellany: or, A Collection of Scarce, Curious, and Entertaining Pamphlets and Tracts, as Well in Manuscript as in Print (1744-?)

The History and Art of Printing (1771, 502) - Philip Luckombe

Critical Observations on Books, Ancient and Modern (1776-1791) - Thomas Howes

Typographical Antiquities, or The History of Printing in England, Scotland and Ireland (1790-1819)

A Bibliographical Dictionary; Containing a Chronological Account, Alphabetically Arranged, of the Most Curious, Scarce, Useful, and Important Books, in All Departments of Literature, Which Have Been Published in Aethiopic, Arabic, Armenian, Chaldee, Coptic, Greek, Hebrew, Latin, Persian, Samaritan, Syriac, &c. from the Infancy of Printing to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century (1802-1804) - Adam Clarke

The Librarian, Being an Account of Scarce, Valuable, and Useful English Books, Manuscript Libraries, Public Records, &c. &c. (1808-1809) - James Savage

Anonymiana; or, Ten Centuries of Observations on Various Authors and Subjects (1809, 527) - Samuel Pegge

The Bibliomania; or Book-Madness; Containing Some Account of the History, Symptoms, and Cure of the Fatal Disease (1809, 87) - Thomas F. Dibdin

The British Bibliographer (1810-1812) - Egerton Brydges

Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century (1812-1816) - Samuel Bentley

An Olio of Bibliographical and Literary Anecdotes and Memoranda (1814, 126) - William Davis

Quarrels of Authors; or, Some Memoirs for Our Literary History, Including Specimens of Controversy to the Reign of Elizabeth (1814)

Bibliotheca Spenceriana; or, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century (1814-1823)

Anecdotes of Literature and Scarce Books (1814) - William Beloe

Restituta: or, Titles, Extracts, and Characters of Old Books in English - Egerton (1814-1816)

Censura Literaria: Containing Titles, Abstracts, and Opinions of Old English Books - Egerton Brydges (1815)

An Inquiry Into the Origin and Early History of Engraving (1816) - William Y. Ottley

Illustrations of the Literary History of the Eighteenth Century (1817-1858) - John B. Nichols

The Sexagenarian; or, the Recollections of a Literary Life (1817)

"A very amusing performance, filled with anecdotes and characters of the author's literary contemporaries. The first edition [1917] contains some passages relative to Porson and other literati, which were suppressed in the edition of 1818." - Sabin, p. xvi

The Bibliographical Decameron: or, Ten Days Pleasant Discourse Upon Illuminated Manuscripts, and Subjects Connected With Early Engraving, Typography, and Bibliography (1817) - Thomas F. Dibdin

That the Reader may know in as few ivords as possihle the nature of the Work here suhmitted to him, he is informed that the First Day of this Birliographical Decameron comprises an account of the Progress of Art as seen in some of the more celebrated Manuscripts ahroad, and more particularly in those of our own country. This portion of the work is illustrated hy a great numher of emhellishments (chiefly upon copper) which are new to the puhlic, and which are presumed to he executed in a manner equally creditahle to the skill and fidelity of the several artists employed. The author must ingenuously confess, that however replete with information of a novel and interesting nature these pages of his Decameron may appear, he has, in reality, done little more than presented a sketeh—capahle however of the most costly and elahorate finishing. The puhlic taste in this department of the BirlioMania is yet partial, and not sufficiently cultivated ; hut a more intimate acquaintance with its characteristics will only convince the zealous student of its various and inexhaustihle attractions.

The Second and Third Days may he considered a necessary sequel to the First. The love of heautifiilly-printed Books, and more especially of such as are adorned with the productions of the early Engravers, seems to he a natural consequence of the admiration hestowed upon the efforts of the Illuminator; and if the author have, in any material degree, realised his own ideas upon this fruitful suhject, there will he found, hoth in the text, and decorations of these two succeeding days, a source of amusement not quickly capahle of satiety.

The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Days are devoted to what the author has presumed to hope may he considered a popular History of the Rise and Progress of Printing upon the Continent ; including ohservations upon Decorative Printing, and brief' notices of a few of the Eminent living Printers of our own Country. He is aware that suck a Subject is worthy of a more ample and satisfactory disquisition; hut he has attempted to compensate the omission of much dry detail and lengthened description, hy appropriate decoration and amusing anecdote. The facsimiles of the Devices of the more celehrated Foreign Printers— and particularly of those o/Trance and Germany— are at once numerous, faithful, and hrilliant; * while the hiographical notices of the Printers, to whom they relate, will he found, it is hoped, as interesting as the Subjects were capahle of rendering them. Nor should it he forgotten that some of the most illustrious Scholars of Europe did not disdain to superintend the operations of The Press. They were literary Cincinnati at the tympan and frisket.

The Eighth Day embraces a portion of information rather caleulated, it must he admitted, to gratify the professed Bihliomaniac than the general Reader. Yet the suhject of Book-Binding, to which it relates, is prohahly, as a question of Art, not wholly divested of interest. The specimens of ancient hook-covertures, which adorn the pages of this day, may possihly create or correct an indulgence of a similar taste in the present times. To the Book-Antiquary, no apology is due for occasional minuteness and technicality of description ; ichile the hiographical sketches connected with the illustrious Characters to whom the volumes, from which such ' specimens' have heen taken, helonged, may serve even to inflame the ardour, and quicken the competition, of some of our most distinguished living Collectors.

The Ninth Day, relating to Sales of Books hy Puhlic Auction, is a continuation of a Suhject which seemed to he productive of some gratifica~ tion in the second edition of the Birliomania. It only professes, therefore, to carry on the Record of the disposal of Literary Property in the vendition of Books hy puhlic auction. Such a series of Sales of Lihraries, within the metropolis of Great Britain, shews, in a very forcihle manner, the eagerness and gallantry of our countrymen to avail themselves of treasures which they were not likely to possess through any other channel. ...

The Tenth Day is exclusively devoted to Literary Bihliography: in other words, to an account of the more celehrated hihliographical Writers of other countries as well as of our own. But it will be also found to contain some hrief, and not uninteresting memoirs of Book Collectors among ourselves : thus supplying some dificiencies in thz Work just mentioned, and carrying on the Personal History of Bihliomania from the period at which it there concludes. These pages are also emhellished with some heautifully-engraved portraits of several of the Collectors noticed; of which the greater numher are, for the first time, here given to the puhlic. The Indexes are presumed to he full and complete.

Repertorium Bibliographica (1819) - William Clark

Res Literariae: Bibliographical and Critical (1820, 180) - Egerton Brydges

Journey Round the Library of a Bibliomaniac (1821-1825)

Relics of Literature (1823, 400) - Reuben Percy

Typographia, or the Printers' Instructor, Including an Account of the Origin of Printing - J. Johnson (1824)

The Flowers of Literature: Consisting of Selections from History, Biography, Poetry, and Romance; Jeux d'Exprit, Traditionary Relics, and Essays, with Translations from Approved Authors (1824) - William Oxberry

The Library Companion; or the Young Man's Guide and the Old Man's Comfort in the Choice of a Library (1824-1825) - Thomas F. Dibdin

A footnote from the Preface:

A list of the table of Contents, immediately following the preface, will shew what is to be found in " the Library Companion." If I had taken up other subjects, it is clear that, to be treated in a satisfactory manner, they would have enlarged this work to at least double its size. But it may be here right to remark, that, in TopoGraphy, nothing could be added to the satisfactory and indispensable work of Mb. Upcott upon that subject, published in three well arranged and well printed octavo volumes; but of which I learn with regret that the impression is limited, and not likely to be renewed. The lover and collector of County Histories, (of which class of readers the number is very considerable) has only to avail himself of this work, and he will find all his wants supplied ... in a bibliographical point of view.

For Heraldic Reseauches, I was compelled to decline the kind offer of Mr. Richard Thomson (whose pursuits so decidedly qualified him for the task) to furnish me with a dozen or twenty pages upon that subject; since I considered Mr. Mouse's Bibliotheca Heraldica, 1822, 8vo. admirably well calculated to satisfy every enquiry. For the Fine Arts, the very curious Catalogue of the Books on Art, and on Antiquity, in the possession of Count Cicognara, (published in the Italian language) 1821, 8vo. 2 vols. might have furnished me with many useful hints ; but the task seemed to grow upon, and to perplex, me as I considered it. Of all others, it is one of the most difficult departments to execute in a bibliographical manner. In the meanwhile, it is pleasing to observe that no stimulants are necessary for the encouragement of this department of Taste; and that publications of every description, in which the art is good, never fail of patronage. I might have descanted copiously and warmly upon the Views of the South-Western Coast of England, executed by Messrs. Cooks and others from the magical pencil of Mr. Turner ; but euch an eulogy were useless. The publication cannot keep pace with the eager demands of the Subscribers. The Illustrious Portraits now in a course of publication, by the Publishers of this work, are properly noticed in the department of "Biography, Memoirs, Anecdotes," at page 514, post. Yet, while on this department of art, let a hearty tribute of commendation be bestowed on the miniature engravings, in the line manner, of Mr. Walmsley's Physiognomical Portraits. They are now completed ; and the works of nearly all the most distinguished Artists of the day will be found to be incorporated in it.

But that the subject may not be Wholly overlooked, let me recommend to those, who have the means of gratifying themselves with a copy of it, the Histoire de I'Art par les Monument, Stc. of Agincourt Seroux, 1820; in six folio volumes ; and containing not fewer than 325 plates of every description. A well bound copy of this work is worth 362. A noble concomitant to it, is the Storia delta Scultura, &c. of Leopold Cicognara, 1813-1818; in 3 folio volumes, containing 181 copper plates. A handsomely bound copy is worth 152. There were only 20 copies worked oif on fine vellum paper, which are very scarce. Italy boasts of few living Cognoscenti of greater eminence than the author of this magnificent work.

As to Antiquities, the department is so copious that it will be obvious it could not be included, with other subjects, in the compass of an octavo volume. Hod I entered upon that department, my attention must have been drawn in the first instance to press strongly upon the consideration of both " The Young" and " The Old," the beautiful, and indeed captivating performance, which has just appeared under the title of The Monumental Remains of Noble and Eminent Persons, comprising The Sepulchral Antiquities of Great Britain; with historical and bibliographical Illustrations. The engravings, in the line manner, are from the faithful pencil, and in part from the burin, of Mr. Blore; and more brilliant, or rather characteristic performances, have never been witnessed. The proof impressions, on India paper, have a fascinating effect; but the critical antiquary will be equally well pleased with the ordinary copies. This work is also as reasonable in price as it is rich in embellishments; and the test is executed with equal neatness and care.

Typographia: An Historical Sketch of the Art of Printing (1825, 939) - Thomas C. Hansard

The Bibliographical and Retrospective Miscellany (1830, 160)

As we have never been able to ascertain whether the contents of this singular tract are a translation, or merely the composition of an Englishman; it is impossible for us to say what degree of credit may be attached to the recital. On one point, however, we are decided, namely, that this tale has served as the basis for all the pig-faced ladies, both in this country and in France. As some additional anecdotes of a more recent date on this subject may not prove uninteresting, we give the following for the entertainment of our readers.

"There is at present a report in London, of a woman, with a strangely deformed face, resembling that of a pig, who is possessed of a large fortune, and we suppose wants all the comforts and conveniences incident to her sex and station. We, ourselves, unwittingly put in an advertisement from a young woman, offering herself to be her companion;* and yesterday morning, a fellow (with a calf's head, we suppose) transmitted to us another advertisement, attended by a one ponnd note, offering himself to be her husband. We have put his offer in the fire, and shall send his money to some charity, thinking it a pity that such a fool should have any. Our rural friends hardly know what idiots London contains. The pig's face is as firmly believed in by many, as Joanna Southcot's pregnancy, to which folly it has succeeded. Though no Parson Tozer has as yet mounted the rostrum to preach in support of the face, there is hardly a company in which this swinish female is not talked of; and thousands believe in her existence. The story, however, is an old one. About fifty years ago, it is well recollected by several elderly people, there was exactly the same rumour. It was revived with but slight effect about thirty years since; and now comes forth again in its pristine vigour. On the original invention of the pig-faced woman, about the year 1764, a man offered to make her an ivory trough to feed out of; which can only be considered as a feeble type of the silver cradle actually presented in our day "—The Times, February 16, 1815.

Bibliophobia: Remarks on the Present Languid and Depressed State of Literature and the Book Trade (1832, 102) - Thomas F. Dibdin

That's right. This book published in 1832 isn't yet available as a PDF. There must a drawing of proto-Mickey Mouse in it somewhere.

Reminiscences of a Literary Life (1836) - Thomas F. Dibdin

The Book of Table-Talk (1836)

The title-page of the Memorable and Recondite Readings, or Wolf's Centuries, as the compilation is sometimes called, has been rarely matched. We should in vain attempt to imitate in humble modern English the solemn and imposing pomp of its long procession of rumbling Latin epithets—" Liber rarus, carus, ex Sacrse Scripturse et venerandse Antiquitatis arcanis exaratus, variisque Allegoriis, Tropologiis, et Allusionibus, Anagoricis, Hierographicis, Symbolicis, Iconographicis, et Mythologicis," &c. &c. The sense, however, (letting the sound go,) is somewhat as follows:—" A Book rich and rare, dug out of the hidden depths of Sacred Scripture and venerable Antiquity, and highly embellished with whatever there is most worthy of note in Allegory, in Tropology, in Allusion, Anagogic, Hierographic, Symbolical, Iconographic, and Mythological; in the Orphic Meanings (Orphicis Sensibus), in Inscriptions, in Emblems, in the Apophthegms of Great Men, in Proverbs, in Parables, in Moral maxims (gnomis), in Stories sacred and profane, and other Inventions of the Ingenious; in compendious Accounts of Chronology, of Christian Doctrine, of Heresies, of Schisms, of Persecutions; of Emperors, of Popes, and of other learned and illustrious Persons, and their Acts and Deeds; as likewise in the Decrees of Councils and Synods, in Events, and in Epochs. Here the reader hath set before him whatever hath proceeded from the Doctors of the Church, from Poets, from Politicians, from Philosophers, from Historians, or from others whomsoever of the wise or the learned, of what is pious, grave, wonderful, deep and stupendous, jocund and at the same time useful, in word, in writ, or in act: furthermore, all Prophecies, Vows, Omens, Mysteries, Hieroglyphics, Miracles, Visions, Antiquities; with all Monuments, Testimonies, and Examples of Virtues, of Vices, and of Abuses; as also store of Types, Pictures, and Images; and, moreover, all the most frightful Signs, Shows, Monstrosities, and Portents of Heaven and Earth." But here the reader's breath, we are sure, fails him; and we will therefore waive the rest of the learned doctor's trumpeting.

...

Nothing can go beyond the credulity and absurdity of the worthy Aulic counsellor in these Centuries; he has certainly raked together a rich compost of the dotage and anility of all preceding ages, and comfortably must the minds of his readers have been manured thereby. The generality of them, no doubt, took the whole in with ready and even greedy faith. Of all prodigies, prodigious births seem to be the author's special favourites. The book is embellished with copper-plate representations of many of the wonders detailed in it, some hundreds of them being thrown together upon a single broadside; and thus spread out before the eye in full blaze, they make, it may be conceived, a droll enough show.

The Nature and Form of the Books of the Ancients (1837) - John Hannett

A Dictionary of Printers and Printing with the Progress of Literature (1839, 996) - Charles H. Timperley

A Treatise on Wood Engraving, Historical and Practical (1839, 749) - William Andrew Chatto

A Dictionary of the Art of Printing (1841, 815) - William Savage

Bibliomania; or Book Madness; a Bibliographical Romance (1842, 618) - Thomas F. Dibdin

History of Letter-Writing from the Earliest Period to the Fifth Century (1843, 700) - William Roberts

Reliquiae Antiquae: Scraps from Ancient Manuscripts, Illustrating Early English Literature and the English Language (1845) - Thomas Wright, James O. Halliwell

Bibliopegia: or, The Art of Bookbinding in All Its Branches (1848, 166) - John Hannett

A Catalogue of Chap-Books, Garlands, and Popular Histories (1849, 190) - James O. Halliwell

Bibliomania in the Middle Ages: or, Sketches of Bookworms, Collectors, Bible Students, Scribes, and Illuminators, from the Anglo Saxon and Norman Periods, to the Introduction of Printing Into England; with Anecdotes (1849, 218) - Frederick S. Merryweather

Can he enter a Gothic village church, on whose dull walls are preserved tablets, which bear down to posterity the virtues and honours of the humble forefathers of that quiet hamlet—or on whose oaken cornices are engraven the rude images that flashed through the-, brain of some neglected genius of obscure birth, and not feel an interest all absorbing, in pondering on these remains of ancient art? If he does not, I fear he will find but little pleasure in a page of mine. For I am one of those who love to seek knowledge in the black lettered folio, and luxuriate in exploring the membraneous volumes of a monastic age—who love to wander in quiet though among the ruined relics of other days, and delight to glean wisdom and content from the antiquities of a peaceful village sanctuary, and whose very soul is on fire when in the midst of a library, rich with the literature of old.

Reader; I have sketched my portraiture; if the expression be ungainly, let us part company at once.

Miscellanies of Literature (1853, 484) - Isaac Disraeli

Memoirs of Libraries, Including a Handbook of Library Economy (1859) - Edward Edwards

A Dictionary of Old English Plays (1860, 296) - James O. Halliwell

A Catalogue of Books, in All Classes of Literature, Many of Them Rare, Valuable and Curious (1860, 440) - Bernard Quaritch

A Compendious History of English Literature, and of the English Language (1861) - George Lillie Craik

Of Anagrams: A Monograph Treating of Their History from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time; With an Introduction, Containing Numerous Specimens of Macaronic Poetry, Punning Mottoes, Rhopalic, Shaped, Equivocal, Lyon, and Echo Verses, Alliteration, Acrostics, Lipograms, Chronograms, Logograms, Palindromes, Bouts, Rimes (1862, 186) - Henry B. Wheatley

An Inquiry Concerning the Invention of Printing (1863, 377) - William Y. Ottley

Introduction to the Literature of Europe in the 15th, 16th and 15th Centuries (1863) - Henry Hallam

A Critical Dictionary of English Literature (1863) - Samuel Austin Allibone

"SAMUEL AUSTIN ALLIBONE, the producer of' A Critical Dictionary of English Literature and British and American Authors,' was born in Philadelphia, April 17th, 1816. He was thus (roughly) contemporary with Gladstone, Disraeli, and Darwin in this country, and with Longfellow in his own. Biographical details of Allibone are difficult to obtain, and the story of his life has not been well told. Biographers are either sympathetic or the reverse. Allibone did not receive that posthumous punishment which some writers mete out to those of their deceased fellowbeings whose deeds they are called upon to record. But I cannot think that the Reverend Mr. McConnell's short account [McConnell: 'In Memoriam...S. Austin Allibone.' Siddall Brothers, Philadelphia, 1891], though penned in a sympathetic strain, does the great bibliographer justice. It is a little too uncritical. Mr. McConnell has nothing but praise for his hero.

In his early and middle life Allibone was engaged in mercantile pursuits. In these he did not shine, and he appears to have been overburdened with that virtue of which a little goes a very long way in commerce—conscientiousness.

Comparatively early in life he started on his vast scheme of a ' Dictionary of Literature.' In the preface to the first volume he tells us what led to the idea. ' Of 650,000 books printed in the English language,' he says, ' about 50,000 would repay perusal. If a person read 100 pages a day or 100 volumes a year, it would require 500 years to exhaust such a library.' To circumvent this feat, impossible under the conditions of human life, he contended that it was just as important to have a dictionary of books and of authors as one of words. You go to a lexicon and in a very short time become acquainted with the history and meaning of a single word; why, therefore, should you not find in a similar compilation the history of every individual who has written, a short account of what he wrote, and the views in brief of other men upon his writings? Such was the task our author (for it is almost a libel to call him a compiler) set himself to accomplish, and how worthily he acquitted himself of it is shown throughout the three thousand pages of the three volumes. Of course, certain reservations must be made. It was impossible that errors should not occur in a work of that magnitude. But the spirit of true and just criticism overlooks such mistakes when the ' Dictionary' is regarded as a great whole.

The following anecdote very aptly shows how the laugh in the case of Allibone's ' Dictionary ' was turned against the fault-finders: ' A great many years ago, when Thomas Hughes was visiting America, the head of the house of Lippincott showed him over the Philadelphia establishment, the visit coming to an end with this contretemps: " Now, Mr. Hughes, I want to show you one of our greatest publications—Allibone's Dictionary. It contains some information about every author of any account in England and America. Now, let us see, for example, what it says about Mr. Thomas Hughes." So he turned to " H," and lo! the name of the author of "Tom Brown's School Days" wasn't there.' ['Library Journal,' 1889, vol. xiv, p. 486] This amusing but malicious story is oneot those half-truths that do a man more harm than an absolute lie. It was freely circulated in the American press soon after Allibone's death, but the then editor of the ' American Library Journal,' the late Mr. Charles A. Cutter, when quoting it in 1889, came forward with a vigorous defence of his friend. The ' Dictionary,' he said, only professed to include the first half of the nineteenth century, and Mr. Hughes' first book belonged to the second half; it was published in 1857, and published, moreover, anonymously, under the disguise of the words ' By an Old Boy,' so that unless anyone was in the secret it would have been very hard for the ' mere man' of the fifties to discover who the ' Old Boy' was, out of all the scholars that Rugby turned out.

So much for a cheap attempt to prove that Allibone's methods of compiling his dictionary were slipshod and haphazard. As a point of fact nothing could excel his general thoroughness.

It would have, of course, been impossible for him personally to inspect all the books and editions ot books, the titles of which he gives. But Allibone's task was greatly lightened by the width of his own reading. From boyhood he had dwelt among books, until they had become part of his very being.

So far as the mere cataloguing of the books was concerned—though that in itself was a great work —he had access to the collections of the libraries, great and small, of the United States. Fifty years ago library administration and enterprise in America were far in advance of what they were at the same era in England and Europe generally. By that I mean to say that where you would find one man like Panizzi carrying out reforms, as he did at the British Museum, a dozen might be picked out here and there in the great American cities, who were striving according to their lights to make the libraries over which they had charge models of accessibility and usefulness. Allibone, therefore, had all in his favour as a catalogue compiler. This he considered, however, but a tithe of his work.

Annotation of the contents of books is a practice of very old standing. The Reverend Samuel Fancourt, whom I have already shown ['The Library', New Series, vol. i] to have probably been the founder of circulating libraries in London, padded out the Crane Court Catalogue very liberally in this fashion. But there are comments and comments, and there is all the difference in the world between the quaint, amusing, and instructive notes and anecdotes made in the catalogues of the late Mr. Quaritch, and the tame remarks made by some librarians, and publishers too, of the present day, after the books in the lists they issue.

Allibone's method was a very different one to that. In the case of every author of repute, and in that of many a writer whose merits are undoubted, but of whom the world at large knows little or nothing, he made it his first object to give correct biographical details. Next followed a character sketch and then a list of the author's works, and various editions of each book. To every important production will be found appended a group of criticisms if the name be a very well known one; a less number in the case of those who have never been fortunate enough to become ' household names.' But Allibone made it his object to give at least more than one critic's estimate, and if opinion varied, so much the better. The value of this method was explained by our bibliographer in his preface affixed to the first volume. After stating that the criticisms and comments upon the speeches and literary productions of Edmund Burke were found floating about in books and pamphlets, often difficult to procure and troublesome to examine, he continued: ' In the present work they will be found in the whole or in part, arranged in a few pages under the name of Burke. Such an article alone is well worth the price of the whole book.' In similar fashion he demonstrates the usefulness of his having collected a batch of notices commending the poems of his compatriot, William Cullen Bryant. Allibone had none of the mock modesty of the presentday writers of' fore-words,' printed in delicate italic type. He boldly advocated the usefulness of the production he was giving to the public, and the literary public of that day thought none the worse of him. Macaulay, Cardinal Wiseman, Prescott, Holmes, Irving, Bryant, Longfellow, Whittier, Bancroft, Brougham, Carlyle, Sir David Brewster, De Quincey, Disraeli, Dickens, and Lord John Russell are specially mentioned by Mr. McConnell as paying high personal tribute to the value of the ' Dictionary.'

Allibone's most extensively annotated article is, naturally and rightly, that devoted to Shakespeare. He first takes his biography—so far as it was then known. Perhaps the most amusing quotation he gives is Howitt's story of his encounter with the lineal descendant of Shakespeare's sister, in the shape of a poor schoolboy whom he stated he picked out from a row or village scholars, because, as the schoolmaster said, ' the Shakespeare cast of countenance was there.' He also quotes a sarcastic comment in the ' Athenaeum ' of 1857 on Landor's indignation at the poet's descendants, the Harts, being found in poor circumstances, and on his enthusiasm to get up a public subscription for them.

Next follows his list of editions of Shakespeare's works—the poems, the plays separately, and the collected editions of the plays, and plays and poems. There is a facsimile of the title-page of the First Folio. Incidentally, Allibone mentions that his friend and patron, Mr. J. Lenox, possessed one of the two copies bearing the date 1622, and that it was Lenox's opinion that the last' 2 ' in the date had been altered from ' 3.' Home Tooke's trenchant comment on Shakespearean commentators, which did not escape Allibone's attention, is worth reproducing:

' The first edition is the only one, in my opinion, worth regarding: and it is much to be wished that an edition of Shakespeare were given literatim according to the first folio: for by the presumptuous license of the dwarfish commentators, who are forever cutting him down to their own size, we risk the loss of Shakespeare's genuine text, which that folio genuinely contains.' Tookejhad the satisfaction of seeing his wish carried out, for the First Folio was reprinted in 1807, about five years before his death.

After a catalogue of one hundred and sixty-six modern English and American editions of the plays and poems and some fifty translations into various languages, follows a long list of quotations regarding the poet both in prose and verse, Spenser, Milton, Dryden, Akenside, Johnson, Addison, Burke, Scott and von Schlegel being laid under contribution. And lastly comes a list of Shakespeariana no less than nine hundred and fifty-four in number.

Much the same arrangement is followed throughout the twenty-four pages devoted to Milton, and the fifteen which Allibone gives up to Sir Walter Scott. These combined biographies and bibliographies are full of interest, but to enlarge on their contents would be an act of injustice to other writers and out of proportion in a limited space that can be claimed for an article such as this.

It must be noted, however, that Allibone's biographer, Mr. McConnell, after the manner of injudicious critics, has selected for praise some of the sections of his author's works that are least worthy of it. Mr. McConnell, in referring to the notice and bibliography of Darwin, states that Allibone possessed a wonderful power of estimating modern writers—Darwin among them. My impression, gained from reading this notice, is that Allibone knew very little about Darwin; as the date of his birth, place of education and home are all omitted. As in numerous other instances, Allibone obtained favourable reviews of Darwin's early productions, but without the full references, which in this case was unfortunate. Chapter and verse should be invariably given in matters of scientific interest, or the quotation loses half its value [This want of complete references is a general though by no means universal fault throughout the 'Dictionary.' In the purely literary articles it is of less consequence than in the historical and scientific].

The section on Franklin is called a ' dainty miniature of two-and-a-half pages,' rendering a faithful portrait of his life, ancestry, habits, and a close estimate of his personal, political, scientific and literary qualities. Here again the praise is misdire&ed. Allibone did as much as this for countless other English and American writers, giving in addition full lists of their productions—at least as full as he could make them. He also did more than this. Men who have had one paper published in the early 'Philosophical Transactions,' those whose sum total of literary production has been a single sermon or a funeral oration, have not been denied by Allibone the posthumous satisfaction of having their efforts displayed in full. Yet Benjamin Franklin's writings, whether books or pamphlets, were estimated to amount to upwards of three hundred. It seems curious, therefore, that his fellow countryman, who took such evident pains over writers not only on his own but also on this side of the Atlantic, should not have set out Franklin's productions in at least some detail. Instead of this he merely discusses the question as to which was the most complete edition of his collected works.

It is not noticed by his biographer that Allibone, in common with other American writers, walked into the trap of a very curious literary error [See an interesting account in the 'Library Journal,' 1877-78, vol. ii, p. 80], by treating as genuine certain letters which are assigned to Milton's pen in a novel published in 1852 by Mrs. Prothesia S. Elton, wife of Romeo Elton, formerly a professor in Brown University, entitled ' The Piedmontese Envoy; or the Men, Manners, and Religion of the Commonwealth: a Tale.' In one of these letters Milton was made to refer to Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, as ' that noble confessor of religious liberty,' and Dr. Francis Vinton, in an appendix to his historical address, * The Annals of Rhode Island,' delivered and published in 1863, quoted this and other extracts to prove the intimacy of Roger Williams with Milton. Allibone, accordingly, in his article on Roger Williams, quotes the passage referring to the patriot of Rhode Island, not as what Milton might have said, but as what he actually did say. It is pretty clear, therefore, that Allibone can never have read Mrs. Elton's book, but simply took Dr. Vinton's statement on trust. When historians and bibliographers go astray others will follow like sheep through a gap in the hedge. The next, and it is be hoped the last, person to make this absurd mistake was the Rev. Dr. Schaff, another American writer, in his work on 'The Creeds of Christendom.'

Not even the fairest-minded historian or bibliographer is devoid of the shortcoming of prejudice. Allibone's special bete-noire was Warren Hastings, but it is only just to him to say that he shared this dislike with many of his age who had not learned to survey the memory of the empire-builder with the impartiality of more recent biographers. Hastings was in no sense an author at all, except in that of writing the ablest political and official despatches ever penned, but Allibone has a paragraph for him in which he labels him as a 'wicked and unscrupulous tyrant': no second opinion being here admitted. Elsewhere he pounds Dr. Gleig, Chaplain-General of the Forces, with a vigorous denunciation of his one-sided advocacy of Hastings. This he did with more justice, for it is certain that Gleig's partiality for his hero was not based on documentary evidence, but on blind conviction.

Under the article on Samuel Ayscough, author of the ' Catalogue of the MSS. preserved in the British Museum,' published in 1782, Allibone got together all the pikes justicatifs he could find on the subject of good indexing. The principal of these were passages from Nichols' ' Literary Anecdotes,' Henry Rogers' ' Vanity and Glory of Literature,' Dr. Johnson's letter about a new edition of ' Clarissa Harlowe,' and Fuller's ' Worthies.' He also cited Scaliger's epigram written after finishing his index. After this one would have expected at the end of the third volume the most exhaustive subject-index in the world. But with all this ' much cry' there was very ' little wool.' All our author produced took the shape of lists of writers' names alphabetically arranged and grouped under forty of the widest classes of knowledge and forms of literature. He also made confusion worse confounded by publishing as a key a list of indexes and sub-indexes. In this list we find the entry ' Logic,' which refers us to Class 27, ' Moral and Mental Philosophy,' under which are grouped 1,412 names. Of course the searcher may happen to know the names of Mill and Whately, and he picks these out from among the 1412. But then he was just as wise before his search, and the index of names so far is superfluous. Suppose, however, he wishes to get at the names of writers he does not know, the modus operandi will be that of wading through the ' Dictionary,' and examining that thousand odd list of authors. An index of this sort could very well have been omitted [For a detailed exposition of the vicious principle of poor Allibone's Index, see Mr. B. R. Wheatley's 'On an 'evitandum' in index-making' ('Trans. and Proc. Conference of Librarians,' London, 1877, pp. 90, 91].

Allibone, however, refused to be convinced of his error, but his justification of himself was mainly based on the impossibility of carrying out the plan of his critics, owing to considerations of space and time, an excuse which ignored the fact that in the substitute for an Index actually printed, both space and time had been liberally wasted.

With this exception the ' Dictionary' must ever rank as the production of a master mind, and coupled with the name of its author must be that of his friend, Joshua Lippincott, who bore the cost of the book. Meanwhile Allibone's work had attracted the attention of James Lenox, the founder of one of the finest libraries in the world, now forming part of the Public Libraries of New York City. Henry Stevens has drawn a lifelike portrait of the millionaire bibliographer in his ' Recollections' of that quaint character read before the Liverpool Meeting of the Library Association in 1883. Lenox was as original in his appointment of a librarian as in his other dealings. He cast modern notions of superannuation to the winds, and appointed Allibone to the charge of the library at the mature age of sixty-three, in 1879. But he judged, and judged rightly, that the man for his service must be one whose knowledge of literature was encyclopaedic. Allibone held his post for ten years with high credit, and died at Lausanne in 1889.

Soon after Allibone's death, as is well known, a supplement to his ' Dictionary' was issued in two volumes by Mr. John Foster Kirk, the historian of ' Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.' I believe the supplement is found very useful, though it is clearly far less interesting than its predecessor. Mr. Kirk has very wisely attempted no index." - Archibald L. Clarke

Curiosities of Literature (1864)

Shadows of the Old Booksellers (1865, 320) - Charles Knight

Libraries and Founders of Libraries (1865, 507) - Edward Edwards

Amenities of Literature, Consisting of Sketches and Characters of English Literature (1866) - Isaac Disraeli

Catalogue of a Collection of Printed Broadsides (1866, 228) - Robert Lemon

Handbook of Fictitious Names: Being a Guide to Authors Who Have Written Under Assumed Names; and to Literary Forgers, Impostors, Plagiarists and Imitators (1868, 235) - Ralph Thomas

A General Catalogue of Books, Arranged in Classes (1868, 1130) - Bernard Quaritch

The American Bibliopolist (1869)

American Encyclopedia of Printing (1871, 512) - John Luther Ringwalt

From the Preface:

In the title of this work the term Printing is used in its oldest and widest sense, so as to include not only all the established methods of multiplying fac-similes, but also all the auxiliary processes essential to the production of a folded newspaper or a bound book. As an Encyclopaedia, it aims to traverse the circle of the art to which it relates, and therefore to describe its history, as well as its implements, its processes, and its products. In endeavoring to discharge this task, no available source of information has been neglected, but, while much instruction has been gleaned from periodical and standard typographical publications, the plan, arrangement, and a large portion of the contents are so thoroughly original as to induce the belief that it will fill an important vacancy, as a book of reference in printingoffices, as an assistant and instructor to every apprentice, journeyman, and amateur printer, and as an attractive addition to the libraries of all who are interested in the art of printing. Special attention has been given to the inventors, implements, history, statistics, and processes of printing in the United States; as will be seen from the abstract of specifications of American patents relating to printing, the numerous descriptions and illustrations of American presses and all other American implements, and the large proportion of the historical and biographical divisions which is devoted to the inventors and the early and distinguished printers and type-founders of this country.

No class of subjects bearing upon printing, however remotely, has been intentionally excluded, while no class has been admitted that is not directly or indirectly allied to it This rule necessitates the discussion of a wide range of topics. The stereotyped phrase that printing is the art preservative of all arts, conveys a totally inadequate idea of its present position and utility, for it now not only preserves a record of all arts, but also converts them into useful auxiliaries, in the performance of its grand duties as the most beneficent, useful, and indispensable agent employed in human affairs; and the ever-increasing extension of its realm, which characterizes the nineteenth century, has added greatly to the difficulty of a comprehensive presentation of all its ramifications.

Curiosities of Street Literature: Comprising "Cocks," or "Catchpennies" (1871, 244) - Charles Hindley

In selecting and arranging this collection of "Street Papers" for publication, every care has been taken to print them verbatim et literatim. They all bear the printer's name and address were such is used, and, in many cases, the wood-cuts have either been borrowed or purchased for the purpose of presenting them in their original style. The real object being to show, in the most genuine state, the character and quality of the productions written expressly for the amusement of the lower orders by street-authors. The general instruction given to our printer has been to "set up word for word from copy, with the exception of turned letters and those of a wrong font - it being thought quite unnecessary to repeat these convenient and at that time compulsory "Errors of the Press," and which were very common in former days with the printers and publishers of street and public-house literature; arising alike from a want of skill in the art, a deficiency of capital, and the hurried manner in which they were prepared and worked off to meet the momentary demand.

Old "Jemmy" Catnach - whose name is ever associated with the literature of our streets - was a man who hated " innowations," as he used to call improvements, and had a great horror of buying type, because, as he used to observe, he kept no standing formes, and when certain sorts run short, he was not particular, and would tell the boys to use anything which would make a good shift. For instance, he never considered a compositor could be aground for a lowercase 1 while he had a figure of 1 or a cap. I to fall back upon; by the same rule, the cap. 0 and figure 0 were synonymous with "Jemmy"; the lower-case p, b, d, and q, would all do duty for each other in turn, and if they could not always find roman letters to finish a word with, why the compositor knew very well that the "reader" would not mark out italic.

At the time Catnach commenced business, "Johnny" Pitts, of the Toy and Marble Warehouse, No. 6, Great St. Andrew Street, was the acknowledged and established Printer of Street-Literature for the " Dials" district; therefore, as may be easily imagined, a powerful rivalry and vindictive jealousy soon arose between these " two of a trade" - most especially on the part of "Old Mother" Pitts, who is described as being a coarse and vulgar-minded personage, and as having originally followed the trade of a bumboat woman at Portsmouth: she "vowed vengeance against the young fellow in the court for daring to set up in their business, and also spoke of him as young "Catsnatch," "Catblock," "Cut-throat," and many other opprobrious terms being freely given to the new comer. Pitts' staff of "bards" were duly cautioned of the consequences which would inevitably follow should they dare to write a line for Catnach - the new cove in the court. The injunction was for a time obeyed, but the "Seven Bards of the Dials" soon found it not only convenient, but also more profitable to sell copies of their effusions to both sides at the same time, and by keeping their own council they avoided detection, as each printer accused the other of buying an early sold copy, and then reprinting it off with the utmost speed, and which was in reality often the case, as "Both Houses" had an emissary on the constant look-out for any new production suitable for street-sale. Now, although this style of "Double dealing" and competition tended much to lessen the cost price to the "middle-man," or vendor, the public in this case did not get any of the reduction, as a penny broadside was still a penny, and a quarter sheet still a halfpenny to them, the "street-patterer" obtaining the whole of the reduction as extra profit.

The feud existing between these rival publishers, who have been somewhat aptly designated as the Colburn and Bentley of the "paper" trade, never abated, but, on the contrary, increased in acrimony of temper until at last not being content to vilify each other by words alone, they resorted to printing off virulent lampoons, in which Catnach never failed to let the world know that "Old Mother Pitts" had been formerly a bumboat woman, while the Pitts announced that—

"All the boys and girls around,
Who go out prigging rags and phials,
Know Jemmy Catsnatch!!! well,
Who lives in a back alum in the Dials.
He hangs out in Monmouth Court,
And wears a pair of blue-black breeches,
Where all the "Polly Cox's crew" do resort
To chop their swag for badly printed Dying Speeches.

At length Catnach, from the possession of greater capital and business acumen, became—to use the words of our informant — "the Cock of the Walk," and continued so until his retirement in 1839. In his Will - or Last Dying Speech - which was proved April, 1842, "James Catnach, of Dancer's Hill, South Mimms, in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, formerly of Monmouth Court, Monmouth Street, printer, bequeathed the whole of his estate to his sister Anne, the widow of Joseph Ryle, in trust, nevertheless, for her daughter, Marion Martha Ryle, until she obtain the age of twenty-one years. Witnesses—William Kinsey, 13, Suffolk St., Pall Mall, Solr. Wm. Tookey his clerk."

The present street literature printers and publishers are Mr. W. S. Fortey (Catnach's successor), of 2 and 3, Monmouth Court, Seven Dials. Mr. Henry Disley (formerly with Catnach), 57, High Street, St. Giles's. Mr. Taylor, Brick Lane, Spitalfields. Mr. H. Such, 177, Union Strjet, Borough"; and Mr. J. Harkness, 121, Church Street, Preston. From whose "establishments" upwards of two thousand street " papers" and "ballads" have been obtained, and from which—together with a private collection —we have made our selection to form " The Curiosities Op Street Literature."

With such a vast amount of "material" to hand, it is somewhat difficult to know which to retain and which to reject. It being utterly impossible to reproduce the whole, the only thing to be done is to make the attempt to divide them into something like classes. We have, therefore, arranged our collection into four divisions, which may be briefly alluded to as — I. "Cocks," Or "Catchpennies." II. Royalty And Political. III. Ballads On A Subject, IV. Dying Speech And Confessional Papers."

The Old Book Collector's Miscellany: of, a Collection of Readable Reprints of Literary Rarities Illustrative of the History, Literature, Manners and Biography of the English Nation During the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (1871) - Charles Hindley

The Editor of "the Old Book Collector's Miscellany" has much pleasure in announcing that the reception which the first five Parts — now collected into a volume — has experienced, and the very general approbation to his plan of publishing — in an inexpensive form — a collection of "Readable Reprints" of our "Literary Rarities," illustrative of the History, Literature, Manners and Biography of the English Nation during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries — as shown by a numerous list of correspondents - lovers of our early literature — encourages him to use his utmost exertion to render the succeeding numbers of equal interest, and to proceed on the plan as laid down in his Prospectus:

It is proposed to publish a Part of the above collection of Readable Reprints on or about the first day of each alternate month, from four to five parts to form a volume, with a general title-page and table of contents.

The works selected for publication will be word-for-word reprints of the original editions when such can be obtained; failing this, the most approved reprints will be used.

To carry out our term of " Readable Reprints," and, as no real service is being rendered to literature by retaining the orthography of the period at which the works were first published, the modern standard of spelling will be used throughout, with the exception of such words as would suffer by being altered, or the original sense in which they were used destroyed; in these cases the primitive spelling will be retained. On the other hand, the original punctuation of the author - or printer - will be mostly observed, as tending to show "the men, manners, and customs of the age," and giving the necessary quaintness and curiosity of style to the productions proposed to be drawn together, more than the obsolete and very uninviting spelling which is often alike inconsistent with itself and with accuracy - many words being frequently spelt differently in a sentence or a page, and are altogether very perplexing and puzzling to modem readers.

Notes will be given when found necessary, to explain any obsolete words or expressions ; also short biographical notices of each author.

The work will be well printed, from a new fount of old-face type, on toned Demy 8vo paper. The price of each Part will be 2s. 6d. A limited number will be printed on large and on various coloured papers at 55. each.

Any gentleman possessing original editions of scarce, curious and entertaining books, pamphlets, or tracts which he would like to see reprinted, will please to communicate with the Editor of "The Old Book Collector's Miscellany," care of the publishers. Any suggestions from those interested in the production of English reprints will be esteemed, and complied with when practicable.

As a little irregularity will occur relative to the chronological order and arrangement of the pieces selected for publication, arising from the circumstance of some of the works being in a more forward state in the editorial department than others—also suggestions made by friends, and the acquirement of more desirable editions—this temporary defect will be obviated—to an extent—on the publication of the Part which will form the completion of a volume, as with the general title page and table of contents, "Directions to the Binder" will be given, with instructions for placing the works in accordance with the contents, &c.

Recent Exemplifications of False Philology (1872, 124) - Fitzedward Hall

A Catalogue of Literary Curiosities, Treatises on Love and Women; on Polygamy, Divorce, the Pleasures and Troubles of Matrimony, Secret Memoirs, Comical and Scandalous Histories, Court Secrets Celebrated Trials; Suppressed and Clandestinely Printed Books, Pamphlets, and Rare Illustrated Facetiae (1872) - J. Scheible

Nowhere to be found on Google Books, and I suspect it's rare as hen's teeth and more expensive than even the janitor at Goldman-Sachs can afford. For the record, it's mentioned in Sabin.

Modern English (1873, 394) - Fitzedward Hall

American Books With Tails to 'Em: A List of the Incomplete or Unfinished American Documents (1873, 36) - Henry Stevens

The Might and Mirth of Literature: A Treatise on Figurative Language (1876, 542) - John Walker Vilant Macbeth

Chronology of the Origin and Progress of Paper and Paper-Making (1876, 264) - Joel Munsell

Bibliographical Collections and Notes on Early English Literature 1474-1700 (1876-1893)

Catalogue of Gems from the Library of a Bibliomaniac (1878, 75) - Almon W. Griswold

The Invention of Printing: A Collection of Facts and Opinions of Early Prints and Playing Cards (1878, 551) - Theodore Low De Vinne

What Is an Index? A Few Notes on Indexes and Indexers (1878, 96) - Henry B. Wheatley

What Is an Index? A Few Notes on Indexes and Indexers (1879, 132) - Henry B. Wheatley

Bibliomania in Present Day France and England (1880, 141) - Gustave Brunet

The Enemies of Books (1880, 114) - William Blades

Literary Frivolities, Fancies, Follies and Frolics (1880, 288) - William T. Dobson

The Library (1881, 184) - Andrew Lang

Who Wrote It? An Index to Ancient and Modern Literature (1881, 174) - William A. Wheeler

Chap-Books of the Eighteenth Century (1882, 486) - John Ashton

Poetical Ingenuities and Eccentricities (1882, 254) - William T. Dobson

The Bibliographer: A Journal of Book-Lore (1882-1884)

Authors and Authorship (1882, 258) - William Shepard Walsh

A Dictionary of the Anonymous and Pseudonymous Literature of Great Britain (1882-1888) - Samuel Halkett, John Laing

"THE want of a comprehensive Dictionary of our rich and important anonymous and pseudonymous Literature has long been a reproach to English Bibliography. The admirable works of this class, of which France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Sweden, and even Belgium, are able to boast, have been continually held up as examples, and pointed to as models of what should be done for English Literature. An eminent French bibliographer, M. Philarete Chasles, in tracing out, in the Revue des deux Mondes, an exhaustive plan for English Literature ' similar to that which other civilised nations already possess,' begins his article thus :—' In the whole history of literature there is not a more fantastical group of whimsicalities than that of the English pseudonyms which abound between 1688 and 1800; nor is there any subject so new and unexplored, and yet so little explained. During that time some hundreds of writers, among whom I shall only take certain notabilities, deliberately renounced the lustre of their own names, and sacrificed their vanity to their interest or passion. If they concealed their names and disguised their hand, it was to carry out their work better. One wishes to destroy an ancient reputation which is in his way; another wants to popularise sentiments which he considers useful; others to glorify the national vanity ; the greater part to make their fortunes. There are the innocent and honest, as Defoe; the violent and imprudent, like Chatterton ; the foolish like Ireland; the unskilful and the calumniators, like Landor; and lastly, the expert, like the Scotchman Macpherson, who deceived an entire generation of Europe and America.'"

Ye Boke of Odd Volumes from 1878 to 1883 (1883, 136) - William Mort Thompson

A Modern Proteus, or a List of Books Published Under More Than One Title (1884, 106) - James L. Whitney

Parodies of the Works of English and American Authors (1884) - Walter Hamilton

INTRODUCTION.

I HAVE, for many years past, been collecting Parodies of the works of the most celebrated British and American Authors. This I have done, not because I entirely approve of the custom of turning high-class literature into ridicule, but because many of the parodies are in themselves works of considerable literary merit. Moreover, as " imitation is the sincerest form of flattery," so does a parody show that its original has acquired a certain celebrity, for no author would waste his time, or his talent, in composing a burlesque of an unknown or obscure poem.

A work devoted to the history of English Parody is not so frivolous as it may appear at first sight. Thackeray wrote many Parodies, so did Sheridan, Fielding, and Dryden, whilst numerous articles on parodies are to be found scattered up and down in odd corners of old magazines and reviews, and a few small books have been written on the topic ; but, until now, no attempt has been made to give, in a connected form, a history of parody with examples and explanatory notes.

This, then, is what I propose to do in the following articles, and those who desire to possess a complete set of parodies on any favourite author, would do well to preserve these papers for future reference.

Parody is a form of composition of a somewhat ungracious description, as it owes its very existence to the work it caricatures ; but it has some beneficial results in drawing our attention to the defects of some authors, whose stilted language, and grandiloquent phrases, have veiled their poverty of ideas, their sham sentiment, and their mawkish affectations.

The first attribute of a parody is that it should present a sharp contrast to its original either m the subject, or treatment ot the subject; that if the original should be founded on some lofty theme, the parody may reduce it to a prosaic matter-of-fact narrative. If, on the other hand, the topic selected be one of every day life, it may be made exceedingly amusing if described in highflown mock heroic diction, if the original errs in sentimental affectation, so much the better for the parodist. Thus many of Tom Moore's best known songs are mere windy platitudes in very musical verse, which afford excellent and legitimate materials for ridicule. The nearer the original diction is preserved, and the fewer the alterations needed to produce a totally opposite meaning, or ridiculous contrast, the more complete is the antithesis, the more striking is the parody; take for instance Pope's well-known lines :—

"Here shall the Spring its earliest sweets bestow,
Here the first roses of the year shall blow,''

which, by the alteration of two words only, were thus applied by Miss Katherine Fanshawe to the Regent's Park when it was first opened to the public : —

" Here shall the Spring its earliest coughs bestow,
Here the first noses of the year shall blow.''

In this happy parody we have that " union of remote ideas," which is said, and said truly, to constitute the essence of wit. Even the most serious and religious works have been parodied, and by authors of the highest position. Thus, Luther mimicked the language of the Bible, and both Cavaliers and Puritans railed at each other in Scriptural phraseology. The Church services and Litanies of both the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches, have served in turn as originals for many bitter satires and lampoons, directed at one time against the Church and the priests, at another time in equally bitter invective against their opponents.

To undertake the composition of parodies, as the word is generally comprehended—that is, to make a close imitation of some particular poem, though it should be characteristic of the author —would be at times rather a flat business. Even the Brothers Smith in " Rejected Addresses," and Professor Aytoun in the " Bon Gaultier Ballads," admirable as they were, adhered almost too closely to their selected models ; and Phcebe Carey, who has written some of the best American parodies, did the same thing. It is an evidence of a poet's distinct individuality, when he can be amusingly imitated. We can only make those the object of our imitations whose manner, or dialect, stamps itself so deeply into our minds that a new cast can be taken. But how could one imitate or burlesque Robert Pollok's " Course of Time," or Young's " Night Thoughts," or Blair's " Grave," or any other of those masses of words, which are too ponderous for poetry, and much too respectable for absurdity ! Either extreme will do for a parody, excellence or imbecility ; but the original must at least have a dittinct and pronounced character.

Certain well-known poems are so frequently selected as models for parodies that it will only be possible to select a few from the best of them ; to re-publish every parody that has appeared on Tennyson's " Charge of the Light Brigade," E. A. Poe's " The Raven," Hamlet's Soliloquy, or Longfellow's " Excelsior," would be a tedious, and almost endless task.

Prose parodies, though less numerous than those in verse, are often far more amusing, and it will be found that Dr. Johnson's ponderous sentences, Carlyle's rugged eloquence, and Dickens's playful humour and tender pathos, lend themselves admirably to parody.

The first portion of this work will be devoted to the parodies themselves, accompanied by short notes sufficient to explain such allusions as may, in time, appear obscure; the second will contain a full bibliographical account of all the principal collection of Parodies, and Works on the subject, such as the "Probationary Odes," " Hone's Three Trials," '• Rejected Addresses," and the late M. Octave Delepierre's Essai sur la Parodie. The latter work, which was published by Triibner & Co., in 1870, gave an account of old Greek and Roman, and of modern French and English Parodies. I had the pleasure of supplying M. Delepierre with the materials for his chapter on English Parodies, but, owing to the limited space at his command, he was only able to quote a verse or two of the best parody of each description. My aim will be to give each parody intact, except in the few cases where 1 have been unable to obtain the author's permission to do so.

Initials and Pseudonyms: A Dictionary of Literary Disguises (1885-1888) - William Cushing

A Bibliography of Printing (1880-1886) - Edward Clements Bigmore

Notes Relative to Printers, Printing, Publishing, and Editing of Books, Newspapers, Magazines, and Other Literary Productions (1420-1886) (1996, 604) - John Weeks Moore

The History of the Catnach Press (1886, 308) - Charles Hindley

How to Form a Library (1886, 248) - Henry B. Wheatley

The Book Fancier, or the Romance of Book Collecting (1886, 312) - Percy H. Fitzgerald

The Dedication of Books to Patron and Friend: A Chapter in Literary History (1887, 257) - Henry B. Wheatley

The Book-Hunter (1887, 427) - John H. Burton

Literary Curiosities and Notes (1888, 349) - Alice Bertha Gomme

Catalogue of the Monuments of the Early Printers in All Countries (1888, 3527-4066) - Bernad Quaritch

The Bookworm: An Illusrated Treasury of Old-Time Literature (1888)

Anonyms: A Dictionary of Revealed Authorship (1889, 829) - William Cushing

How to Catalogue a Library (1889, 268) - Henry B. Wheatley

Books and Bookmen (1892, 177) - Andrew Lang

A Monograph on Privately Illustrated Books: A Plea for Bibliomania (1892, 493) - Daniel M. Tredwell

The Earlier History of English Bookselling (1892, 341) - William Roberts

Books in Chains and Other Bibliographical Papers (1892, 232) - William Blades

Printer's Marks: A Chapter in the History of Typography (1893, 261) - William Roberts

Literary Blunders: A Chapter in the History of Human Error (1893, 226) - Henry B. Wheatley

The Great Book-Collectors (1893, 228) - Charles Isaac Elton

The Profession of Bookselling: A Handbook of Practical Hints for the Apprentice and Bookseller (1893-1913)

Crazy Book-Collecting or Bibliomania, Showing the Great Folly of Collecting Rare and Curious Books (1894, 58) - Louis Bollioud de Mermet

The Book-Hunter in London (1895, 333) - William Roberts

Dated Book-Plates: A Treatise on Their Origin and Development (1895, 349) - Walter Hamilton

A Guide to British and American Novels: Being a Comprehensive Manual of All Forms of Popular Fiction (1895, 314) - Percy Russell

Books Fatal to Their Authors (1895, 244) - Peter Hampson Ditchfield

Books and Their Makers During the Middle Ages (1896) - George H. Putnam

Monuments of Typography and Xylography: Books of the First Half Century of the Art of Printing (1897, 312) - Bernard Quaritch

American Book Clubs: Their Beginnings and History, and a Bibliography of Their Publications (1897, 423) - Adolf Growoll

The Confessions of a Collector (1897, 360) - William C. Hazlitt

Literary Byways (1898, 240) - William Andrews

Prices of Books (1898, 275) - Henry B. Wheatley

The Pleasures of Literature and the Solace of Books (1899, 143) - Joseph Shaylor

Odd Volumes and Their Book-Plates (1899, 64) - Walter Hamilton

The Practice of Typography (1900-?) - Theodore Low De Vinne

The Literary Collector: A Monthly Magazine of Booklore and Bibliography (1900-?)

The Book Hunter, 2nd Ed. (1900, 427) - John Hill Burton

The Rise of the Book-Plate: Being an Exemplification of the Art, Signified by Various Book-Plates, From Its Earliest to Its Most Recent Practice (1901, 207) - William Goodrich Bowdoin

Title-Pages as Seen by a Printer (1901, 370) - Theodore Low DeVinne

Memoirs of Libraries, of Museums, and of Archives, 2nd Ed. (1901, 360) - Edward Edwards

Rariora

The Autolycus of the Bookstalls (1902, 193) - Walter Jerrold

English Book Collectors (1902, 448) - William Younger Fletcher

How to Make an Index (1902, 236) - Henry B. Wheatley

Old Picture Books With Other Essays on Bookish Subjects (1902, 282) - Alfred W. Pollard

A Book About Books (1903, 254) - Robert Blatchford

Books Condemned to Be Burnt (1904, 206) - James Anson Farrer

The Book-Collector: A General Survey of the Pursuit (1904, 352) - William C. Hazlitt

An Essay on Colophons: With Specimens and Translations (1905, 198) - Alfred W. Pollard

American Book-Plates: A Guide to Their Study With Examples (1905, 437) - Charles Dexter Allen

Hither and Thither: A Collection of Comments on Books and Bookish Matters (1905, 386) - John Thomson

English Literature: An Illustrated Record (1906) - Richard Garnett, Edmund Gosse

The International Directory of Booksellers and Bibliophile's Manual (1906, 506) - James Clegg

The Censorship of the Church of Rome and Its Influence Upon the Production and Distribution of Literature> (1906-1907) - George H. Putnam

Literary Forgeries (1907, 282) - James Anson Farrer

Suppressed Plates: Wood Engravings, &c. Together With Other Curiosities (1907, 254) - George Somes Layard

The Cambridge History of English Literature (1907-1917)

A Short History of Engraving and Etching (1908, 473) - Arthur Mayger Hind

The Secrets of Our National Literature: Chapters in the History of the Anonymous and Pseudonymous Writings of Our Countrymen (1908, 255) - Samuel Prideaux Courtney

Handy-Book of Literary Curiosities (1909, 1104) - William Shepard Walsh

Warner's Dictionary of Authors Ancient and Modern, Vol. 1 (1910, 619) - Charles Dudley Warner

Warner's Synopsis of Books Ancient and Modern, Vol. 2 (1910, 604) - Charles Dudley Warner

The Library of Literary Criticism of English and American Authors (1910)

Fine Books (1912, 331) - Alfred William Pollard

A Companion to Classical Texts (1913, 363) - Frederick W. Hall

From Chapter 1:
During the greater part of their history the texts of the classical writers have been transmitted in copies made by hand upon rolls or upon codices. These texts have been mutilated and defaced by the laxity or ignorance of scribes in every age, and it is the object of this book to show how far it has been possible for scholars to get behind this corruption in the endeavour to recover the autograph, i.e. the text as originally written by the author.

The Love Affairs of a Bibliomaniac (1916, 253) - Eugene Field

The Amenities of Book-Collecting and Kindred Affections (1920, 373) - Alfred Edward Newton

The Book-Hunter at Home (1920, 391) - Philip B. M. Allan

A Magnificent Farce, and Other Diversions of a Book-Collector (1921, 267) - Alfred Edward Newton

The Book Collector's Guide: A Practical Handbook of British and American Bibliography (1921, 649) - Seymour de Ricci

QUOTATIONS, APHORISMS, APOTHEGMS, ANECDOTES, JESTS, PROVERBS, ADAGES, MAXIMS, DICTA, etc.

Books Relating to Proverbs, Emblems, Apophthegms, Epitaphs, and Ana (1860, 244) - William Stirling-Maxwell

The Newcastle Jester (1804) - Newkie McCastle

Voltairiana (1805) - Voltaire, M. J. Young

Anecdotes of the Manners and Customs of London from the Roman Invasion to the Year 1700 (1811) - James Peller Malcolm

The London Budget of Wit, or a Thousand Notable Jests (1817, 352) - Reginald Crooktooth

Anecdotes, Observations, and Characters, of Books and Men (1820, 501) - Joseph Spence

Mirth in Miniature; or, Bursts of Merriment: Being a Collection of the Very Best Bon Mots, Witticisms, Smart Repartees, Bulls, and Laughable Anecdotes (1825, 180)

Table-Talk; or, Selections from the Ana (1827, 326) - George Moir

The Chimney Corner Companion: Authentic Descriptions and Anecdotes of Men, Manners, and Things (1827, 468)

Biographical Sketches and Authentic Anecdotes of Dogs, Exhibiting Remarkable Instances of the Instinct, Sagacity, and Social Disposition of This Faithful Animal (1829, 570) - Thomas Brown

Tavern Anecdotes and Reminiscences (1830, 199) - William West

Scottish Jests and Anecdotes (1832, 468) - Angus McHaggis

Nuts to Crack: or, Quips, Quirks, Anecdotes, and Facete, of Oxford and Cambridge Scholars (1834, 260) - Richard Gooch

The Book of Aphorisms: A Modern Pythagorean (1834, 224) - Robert Macnish

Curiosities of London: Exhibiting the Most Rare and Remarkable Objects of Interest in the Metropolis (1855, 800) - John Timbs

Glasgow and Its Clubs: or, Glimpses of the Condition, Manners, Characters, and Oddities of the City (1857, 496) - John Strang

Anecdotes of Dogs (1858, 491) - Edward Jesse

The Year Book of Daily Recreation and Information (1859, 856) - William Hone

Gaslight and Daylight, with Some London Scenes They Shine Upon (1859, 403) - George Augustus Sala

Familiar Words: An Index Verborum or Quotation Handbook (1865, 434) - James Hain Friswell

Dictionary of Latin Quotations (1866, 556) - Henry Thomas Riley

Tarlton's Jests (1866, 260) - Richard Tarlton, William C. Hazlitt

The World of Anecdote: An Accumulation of Facts, Incidents, and Illustrations (1870, 700) - Edwin Paxton Hood

The Mimic World and Public Exhibitions (1871, 590) - Olive Logan

Anecdote Lives (1872-?) - John Timbs

The Book of Modern Anecdotes, Humor, Wit, and Wisdom: American-Legal-Theatrical (1873, 448) - Howard Paul, John Timbs, Percy Hetherington Fitzgerald

A Century of Anecdote from 1760 to 1860 (1873, 597) - John Timbs

Guesses at Truth (1874, 575) - Julius Charles Hare, Augustus William Hare

The Apophthegmes of Erasmus: Literally Reprinted from the Scarce Edition of 1564 (1877, 468) - Desiderius Erasmus, Nicholas Udall

This is a pleasant, gossipy book,—full of wise I saws, if not pf modern instances. It may be considered one of the earliest English jest books. The wit in it is not as startling as fireworks, but there is a good deal of grave, pleasant humour, and many of those touches of nature which make the whole world kin. It is very interesting to have not only the great thoughts of great men, but to see these men in their moments of leisure, when they unbend and come down to the level of ordinary mortals. Weak stomachs cannot bear too much.of a good thing, and nothing is so tiresome as the everlasting preaching of very good and very wise people. We find that even, in the palmy days of Greece the greatest orators had occasionally to recall the attention of their wearied hearers by some witty and humourous tale, such as the "Shadow of the Ass," (p. 84). Erasmus complains of this same inattentiveness in his Praise of Folly, and says the preacher on such occasions would tell them a tale out of Gesta Romanorum, when they would " lyft vp theyr heads, stand vp, and geue good eare." Plenty of instances may be found here to prove a universal truth, that really great men are generally fond of a joke. It was sound advice, depend upon it, which the philosopher gave to the young man—" Be not anything over much." The familiar life of the ancients is also brought pleasantly before us, reminding us of the wellknown saying that " there is a deal of human nature in a man."

The Book of Days: A Miscellany of Popular Antiquities in Connection with the Calendar (1878) - Robert Chambers

Tavern Anecdotes and Sayings (1881, 414) - Charles Hindley

The Old Showmen and the Old London Fairs (1881, 388) - Thomas Frost

Scottish Proverbs (1881, 204) - William Chambers

Forensic Anecdotes; or, Humour and Curiosities of the Law and of the Men of Law (1882, 304) - Jacob Larwood

Johnsoniana: Anecdotes of the Late Samuel Johnson (1884, 432) - Robina Napier

Johnson: His Characterisics and Aphorisms (1884, 181) - James Hay

The Enchiridion of Wit: The Best Specimens of English Conversational Wit (1885, 279) - William Shepard Walsh

A Dictionary of Hindustani Proverbs (1886, 320) - S. W. Fallon

Dictionary of Anecdote, Incident, Illustrative Fact (1888, 690) - Walter Baxendale

The Every Day Book: or, a Guide to the Year: Describing the Popular Amusements, Sports, Ceremonies, Manners, Customs, and Events (1888-1889) - William Hone

The Laird of Logan; or, Anecdotes and Tales Illustrative of the Wit and Humour of Scotland (1889, 608) - David Robertson et al.

The Turnover Club: Tales Told About Actors and Actresses (1890, 228) - William T. Hall

African Aphorisms; or, Saws from Swahili-Land (1891, 182) - William Ernest Taylor

The Anecdotage of Scotland: Comprising Anecdotes and Anecdotal Incidents of the City of Glasgow and Glasgow Personages (1892, 367) - Robert Alison

Bon-Mots of Sidney Smith and R. Brinsley Sheridan, with Grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley (1893, 192) - Walter Jerrold

Things I Have Seen and People I Have Known (1894) - George Augustus Sala

Reminiscences of Literary London from 1779-1853 (1896, 174) - Thomas Rees, John Britton

The Doctor in Hsitory, Literature, Folk-Lore, Etc. (1896, 287) - William Andrews

Credulities Past and Present, Including the Sea and Seamen, Miners, Amulets and Talismans, Rings, Word and Letter Divination, Numbers, Trials, Exorcising and Blessing of Animals, Birds, Eggs, and Luck (1898, 560) - William Jones

Clubs and Club Life in London: With Anecdotes of Its Famous Coffee Houses (1899, 544) - John Timbs

The Lodge Goat: Goat Rides, Butts and Goat Hairs, Gathered from the Lodge Rooms of Every Fraternal Order (1902, 599) - James Pettibone

Gossip in the First Decade of Victoria's Reign (1903, 315) - John Ashton

Epigrams and Aphorisms (1905, 116) - Oscar Wilde

Coaching Days and Coaching Ways (1906, 376) - William Outram Tristam

The Maxims and Reflections of Goethe (1906, 223) - Goethe

The International Encyclopedia of Prose and Poetical Quotations (1908, 1029) - William Shepard Walsh

The Works of Oscar Wilde: Epigrams (1909, 265) - Oscar Wilde

Laconics, 4th Ed. (1913, 238) - Hanford Lennox Gordon

Memorabilia Mathematica or the Philomath's Quotation-Book (1914, 410) - Robert Edouard Moritz

Curiosities in Proverbs: A Collection of Unusual Adages, Maxims, Aphorisms, Phrases and Other Popular Dicta (1916, 428) - Dwight E. Marvin

UNUSUAL and/or INTERESTING

The History of Many Memorable Things Lost, Vol. 1 (1715, 480) - Guido Panciroli

The Forme of Cury, a Roll of Ancient English Cookery, Compiled, About A.D. 1390 (1780, 188) - Samuel Pegge

Pantographia: Containing Accurate Copies of All the Known Alphabets (1799, 320) - Edmund Fry

The Popular Science Review: A Quarterly Miscellany of Entertaining and Instructive Articles on Scientific Subjects

The Intellectual Observer: Review of Natural History, Microscopic Research, and Recreative Science

The Recreative Review, or Eccentricities of Literature and Life - Francis Douce

The Spirit of Despotism (1823, 94) - Vicesimus Knox

The " Spirit Of Despotism" was privately printed at London in 1795,' during the war against France, in a duodecimo volume of 360 pages, without the name of either printer or bookseller, and so effectually Suppressed, that there are only two copies of it, besides my own, in existence.

While the book takes a luminous view of the causes and consequences of Despotic Power, its enthusiastic and glowing love of Liberty is unexcelled by any work written since. For clearness, richness, and beauty of style, it is superior to every production of the press within the same period. All that the Author touches, he turns into Gold. I regret to say, that, most probably, I shall never be at liberty to mention his name.

Hien Wun Shoo: Chinese Moral Maxims (1823, 199) - John Francis Davis

Laconics: or, the Best Words of the Best Authors (1829) - John Timbs

Zoological Illustrations (1829-1833) - William Swainson

Dictionarium Polygraphicum: or, the Whole Body of Arts Regularly Digested (1835) - John Barrow

Illustrations of Sterne (1812)

The History of the Arts and Sciences of the Ancients (1829, 631) - Charles Rollin

Fools and Jesters: With a Reprint of Robert Armin's 'Nest of Ninnies' (1842, 67) - John Payne Collier

The Ports, Harbours, Watering-Places, and Coast Scenery of Great Britain (1842) - William Finden

Pantography: or Universal Drawings (1843, 161) - Benajah Jay Antrim

The Spoon, with Upwards of One Hundred Illustrations (1844, 288) - Thomas Ewbank

'The Spoon' is the first of a series of papers designed to elucidate the origin, history, and value of several primitive devices, which, from their apparent insignificance, have been overlooked by writers on the useful arts; but which have not been without their influence on the progress of civilization. As it was out of the question to treat every subject with the gravity due to historical research—to do so a writer must be the personification of melancholy herself—the idea was adopted of embracing them under the 'Transactions' of a Society, whose name should indicate their miscellaneous character, and relative value among literary merchandize. Small as this value may be, there are persons simple enough to suppose the annals of the shuttle and needle, of bellows and boilers, &c. possess higher claims on the attention of the moralist, philosopher, and historian, than many dignified tomes of acknowledged history; for what are these, when divested of extraneous matters, but records of the club, sword and bayonet, the musket, cannon, and scaffold?

Illustrations of the Fairy Mythology of A Midsummer Night's Dream (1845, 319) - James O. Halliwell

Poor Puck's occupation, alas, is gone! Cream-bowls are safe, and slovenly servants freed from the persecutions of the noisy sprite. Money is no longer lent by a fairy or any one else without interest, and a rat once caught in a trap seldom vanishes with the merry ho ! ho! ho! of Robin Goodfellow. Times, indeed, are sadly changed—even fairy-rings are sacrilegiously subjected to the hypotheses of science — and if Shakespeare had lived some two centuries later, he must have had recourse to the sister island for a fairy creed that has long departed from his native shores. Thankful must we be that his lot was not so cast; that he found society in a less artificial state; for, while we could hardly have gained, we know not what we might have lost. The whole of the popular fairy mythology of the time, on which the Midsummer Night's Dream may be said to be founded, has now become a subject for literary research. Superstition, indeed, remains, and in very singular forms, considering the progress of education; but the fairies have left us "for good and all," and they do not even find a place in our juvenile literature, except through the medium of the modern tales of Madame d'Anois.

The Borderer's Table Book: or, Gatherings of the Local History and Romance of the English and Scottish Border (1846) - M. A. Richardson

The Apocryphal New Testament, Being All the Gospels, Epistles, and Other Pieces Not Included in the New Testament by Its Compilers (1846, 290) - William Hone

Popery: Its Character and Its Crimes (1847, 348) - William Elfe Taylor

London (1851) - Charles Knight

History of the Revolutions in Europe, from the Subversion of the Roman Empire in the West, to the Congress of Vienna (1854, 879) - Christophe Koche, Frederic Schoell, Joseph G. Cogswell

The Deipnosophists; or, Banquet of the Learned of Athenaeus (1854) - Athanaeus of Naucratis, C. D. Yonge

The author of the Deipnosophists was an Egyptian, born in Naucratis, a town on the left side of the Canopic Mouth of the Nile. The age in which he lived is somewhat uncertain, but his work, at least the latter portion of it, must have been written after the death of Ulpian the lawyer, which happened A.d. 228.

Athenseus appears to have been imbued with a great love of learning, in the pursuit of which he indulged in the most extensive and multifarious reading; and the principal value of his work is, that by its copious quotations it preserves to us large fragments from the ancient poets, which would otherwise have perished. There are also one or two curious and interesting extracts in prose; such, for instance, as the account of the gigantic ship built by Ptolemseus Philopator, extracted from a lost work of Callixenus of Rhodes.

Records of Longevity: With an Introductory Discourse on Vital Statistics (1857, 399) - Thomas Bailey

It will, perhaps, by many persons be considered somewhat of a dry subject; but effort has been made, as much as possible, to enliven it with anecdote and incident, so that the work might not only be interesting to the man of scientific inquiry, but likewise to the general reader, as containing a fund of amusing and interesting anecdote, in connection with a subject well deserving the attention of all classes.

...

Anderson, Robert, of the Tweed, N. B., died 1768, aged 100. He followed principally throughout life the business of a maltster. He was a strong and active man, though from the nature of his occupation exposed a good deal to the temptation of taking a considerable quantity of strong drink.

Social Innovators and Their Schemes (1858, 468) - William Lucas Sargant

A Descriptive and Historical Account of Hydraulic and Other Machines for Raising Water, Ancient and Modern, 14th Ed. (1858, 608) - Thomas Ewbank

The History of Court Fools (1858, 389) - John Doran

Holbein's Dance of Death Exhibited in Elegant Engravings on Wood (1858, 475) - Francis Douce, Hans Holbein

The Rat: Its History and Destructive Character (1858, 299) - James Rodwell

Midnight Scenes and Social Photographs, Being Sketches of Life in the Streets, Wynds, and Dens of the City (1858, 145) - Shade

Facts, Failures, and Frauds: Revelations, Financial, Mercantile, Criminal (1859, 727) - David Morier Evans

The Curiosities of Food (1859, 372) - Peter L. Simmonds

A writer in Household Words thus alludes to our national weakness.—' Next to the Habeas Corpus and the Freedom of the Press, there are few things that the English people have a greater respect for and a livelier faith in than beef. They bear, year after year, with the same interminable, unvarying series of woodcuts of fat oxen in the columns of the illustrated newspapers; they are never tired of crowding to the Smithfield Club cattleshow ; and I am inclined to think that it is their honest reverence for beef that has induced them to support so long the obstruction and endangennent of the thoroughfares of the metropolis by oxen driven to slaughter. Beef is a great connecting link and bond of better feeling between the great classes of the commonwealth. Do not Dukes hob and nob with top-booted farmers over the respective merits of short-horns and Alderneys ? Does not the noble Marquis of Argentfork give an ox to be roasted whole on the village green when his son, the noble Viscount Silvercoral, comes of age ? Beef makes boys into men. Beef nerves our navvies. The bowmen who won Cressy and Agincourt were beef-fed, and had there been more and better beef in the Crimea a year or two ago, our soldiers would have borne up better under the horrors of a Chersonesean winter. We feast on beef at the great Christian festival. A baron of beef at the same time is enthroned in St. George's Hall, in Windsor's ancient castle, and is borne in by lacqueys in scarlet and gold. Charles the Second knighted a loin of beef, and I have a shrewd suspicion that the famous Sir Bevis of Southampton was but an ardent admirer and doughty knight-errant in the cause of beef. And who does not know the tradition that even as the first words of the new-born Gargantua were ' A boyre, a boyre,' signifying that he desired a draught of Burgundy wine—so the first intelligible sounds that the infant Guy of Warwick ever spake were ' Beef, beef !' When the weary pilgrim reaches the beloved shores of England after a long absence, what first does he remark —after the incivility of the custom-house officers—but the great tankard of stout and the noble round of cold beef in the coffee-room of the hotel ? He does not cry ' lo Bacche ! EvOe Bacche !' because beef is not Bac chus. He does not fall down and kiss his native soil, because the hotel carpet is somewhat dusty, and the action would be, besides, egregious; but he looks at the beef, and his eyes filling with tears, a corresponding humidity takes place in his mouth; he kisses the beef; he is so fond of it that he could eat it all up; and he does ordinarily devour so much of it to his breakfast, that the thoughtful waiter gazes at him, and murmurs to his napkin, ' This man is either a cannibal or a pilgrim grey who has not seen Albion for many years.'

Gog and Magog: The Giants in Guildhall; Their Real and Legendary History. With an Account of Other Civic Giants, at Home and Abroad (1859, 152) - Frederick W. Fairholt

Moon Hoax; or, a Discovery That the Moon Has a Vast Population of Human Beings (1859, 63) - Richard Adams Locke

Perpetuum Mobile; or, Search for Self-Motive Power, During the 17th, 18th, and 19th Centuries (1861, 558) - Henry Dircks

A History of Domestic Manners and Sentiments in England During the Middle Ages (1862, 502) - Thomas Wright, Frederick W. Fairholt

Waste Products and Undeveloped Substances (1862, 430) - Peter L. Simmonds

The History of the Supernatural (1863) - William Howitt

Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England: Being a Collection of Documents Illustrating the History of Science in This Country Before the Norman Conquest (1864-1866) - Oswald Cockayne

Inventors and Inventions (1867, 263) - Henry Dircks

Giants and Dwarfs (1868, 472) - Edward J. Wood

The Velocipede: Its Past, Its Present and Its Future (1869, 105) - Joseph Firth Bottomley

The Rise and Fall of the Paris Commune in 1871 (1871, 516) - W. Pembroke Fetridge

The Roxburghe Ballads (1871-?)

The education of the poor 'was reading, writing, grammar, and music, and in the early part of Queen Elizabeth's reign, these four qualifications of the children educated in Bridewell were advertised as recommendations for their being taken as servants, as apprentices, and for husbandry.1 There must have been some solidity in the musical education of the lower classes when the watermen of London could compose Rounds, or Canons in unison. We have an extant composition of theirs in "Row the boat, Norman," written in praise of the Lord Mayor of London in 1453.' When the extreme Puritans—not of the Cromwell stamp, but sour-faced men who deemed cheerfulness a sin, and a dance round a maypole to be a sure pathway to Hell—when these men gained the upper hand in the State, they put down "Merry England," and their zeal gave so great a check to the amusements of the people, and especially to the culture of music, that Old England has not even yet recovered herself. The mind requires relief. These men sought refuge in violent political and religious zeal. Cobblers became teachers, the strangest new sects were started, and Old Bethlehem became a necessity. It was built to accommodate the ever increasing number of lunatics in 1675. The natural sequence of the want of amusement was a progressive increase of drunkenness among the people, and with it the attendant immoralities and sometimes crimes. The same effect followed the decline of music in Holland, and something of the same in Scotland. The Netherlander had been pre-eminently great in music in the fifteenth century, but men whose ideas of reforming religion consisted in running into opposite extremes—not Calvin — succeeded first in discouraging and at last in silencing the school of music. Dutchmen became famous for drinking, but we have not a Dutchman worthy of note in the History of Music from that time down to the beginning of the present century. The Scotch, who had been great and successful cultivators both of the art and of the science, ceased to bring up their sons to music altogether. This default, again, is in nowise chargeable upon John Knox, but upon some of his indiscreet, over-zealous followers. It is singular that music should have been made the butt of any set of men, considering that it is the only amusement that may be indulged in to excess without injuring the purity of the heart; but the secret is that it was cheering to man, and, in the eyes of Puritans of the Stubbes kind, men should ever be " cooing like doves and chattering like cranes, for their own and others' sins," and every such comfort as music, everything that would inspire cheerfulness, should be taken from them. Solomon said there is " a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;" but these Puritans were no Solomons.

A Budget of Paradoxes (1872, 511) - Augustus De Morgan

Bibliotheca Diabolica: Books Relating to the Devil, His Origin, Greatness, and Influence (1874, 40) - Henry Kernot

A History of Caricature and Grotesque in Literature and Art (1875, 494) - Thomas Wright, Frederick W. Fairholt

Fusang or Discovery of American by Chinese Buddhist Priests in the Fifth Century (1875, 212) - Charles G. Leland
See also Vining (1885).

A Collection of Chinese Proverbs (1875, 478) - William Scarborough

George Bartlett Prescott (1875-1892)

The Secret Societies of the European Revolution, 1776-1876 (1876) - Thomas Frost

The Lives of the Conjurors (1876, 360) - Thomas Frost

Animal Products (1877, 416) - Peter L. Simmonds

History of the Transmission of Ancient Books to Modern Times Together with the Process of Historical Proof (1879, 401) - Isaac Taylor

Complete Works of Robert Greene (1881)

The Commercial Products of the Sea (1883, 484) - Peter Lund Simmonds

Mysteries and Miseries of America's Great Cities (1883, 606) - James William Buel

The Non-Dramatic Works of Thomas Dekker (1883)

A Cursory History of Swearing (1884, 199) - Julian Sharman

Diderot and the Encyclopaedists (1884, 472) - John Morley

A History of Electric Telegraphy to the Year 1837 (1884, 542) - John Joseph Fahie

Soon after joining the telegraph service, in 1865, our archaeological bent took another turn, and we now began to collect books and scraps on electricity, magnetism, and their applications - particularly to telegraphy, and with the same industrious ardour as before. In December 1867, we entered the Persian Gulf Telegraph Department under the Government of India, where, having a good deal of spare time on our hands, we indulged our habits to the full. In 1871, having amassed a large number of notes, scraps, &c, on submarine telegraphy, we began a work on the history and working of the Persian Gulf cables, of which we had then had over three years' practical experience.

Gradually this developed itself into an ambitious treatise, which we styled " Submarine Telegraphs, their Construction, Submersion, and Maintenance, including their Testing and Practical Working." Of this some three hundred pages (foolscap) are now lying " submerged " in the depths of our trunk, to be, perhaps, " recovered " at some future day—if, haply, they do not share the fate of our History of Ruins!

Inglorious Columbus; or, Evidence That Hwui Shan and a Party of Buddhist Monks from Afghanistan Discovered America in the Fifth Century, A.D. (1885, 798) - Edward P. Vining

Early Ballads Illustrative of History, Traditions and Customs; Also Ballads and Songs of the Peasantry of England (1885, 472) - Robert Bell

Lightning Conductors: Their History, Nature, and Mode of Application (1885, 470) - Richard Anderson

Un-Natural History, or Myths of Ancient Science; Being a Collection of Curious Tracts on the Basilisk, Unicorn, Phoenix, Behemoth or Leviathan, Dragon, Giant Spider, Tarantula, Chameleons, Satyrs, Homines Candati, &c., Vol. 1-4 (1886) - Edmund Goldsmid

Politics and Politicians of Chicago, Cook County, and Illinois 1787-1887 (1886, 612) - Fremont O. Bennett

Ten Thousand Miles on a Bicycle (1887, 799) - Lyman Hotchkiss Bagg

The really great thing about this is that about halfway through the book, Bagg drops in a 20 page chapter about a bulldog named Curl, to which the book is dedicated and for which there is a picture preceding the title page. I think this guy was me in a previous life.

Noctes Ambrosianae (1887) - John Wilson, James Hogg

On the Progress of Science as Exemplified in the Art of Weighing and Measuring (1887, 50) - William Harkness

The Book of Noodles: Stories of Simpletons; or, Fools and Their Follies (1888, 228) - William Alexander Clouston

The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States (1889) - Francis Wharton, John Bassett Moore

Oliver Lodge (1889-?)

Curiosities of the Church: Studies of Curious Customs, Services and Records (1890, 202) - William Andrews

Scamping Tricks and Odd Knowledge Occasionally Practised Upon Public Works (1891, 129) - John Newman

The Story of the Filibusters (1891, 373) - James Jeffrey Roche

The name, whatever its origin, was long current in the Spanish as," filibustero " before it became adopted into the English. So adopted, it has been used to describe a type of adventurer who occupied a curious place in American history during the decadejrom 1850 to 1860.

The citizen or subject of any country, who makes war upon a state with which his own is at peace, with intent to overrun and occupy it, not merely for the piratical ends of rapine and plunder, is a filibuster in the true sense of the term. Such act of war is, by the law of nations, a crime against both countries. Its morality, before the meaner court of popular judgment, will rest upon the measure of its success alone. So judged, as all invaders are judged at last, the bold adventurer draws but few prizes in the lottery of fame. Cortez and Houston are among the few successful filibusters of modern times.

The Genesis of the United States: Narrative of the Movement in England, 1605-1616, Which Resulted in the Plantation of North America by Englishmen, Disclosing the Contest Between England and Spain for the Possession of the Soil Now Occupied by the United States of America (1891) - Alexander Brown

Park Benjamin (1892-?)

The Dog in British Poetry (1893, 350) - Robert Maynard Leonard

10,000 Wonderful Things, Comprising Whatever is Marvellous and Rare, Curious, Eccentric and Extraordinary (1894, 684) - Edmund Fillingham King

English Whist and English Whist Players (1894, 400) - Willaim Prideaux Courtney

The Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1894-1898) - Alice Bertha Gomme

Stonehenge and Its Earth-Works (1895, 152) - Edgar Barclay

The Evil Eye: An Account of This Ancient and Widespread Superstition (1895, 471) - Frederick Thomas Elworthy

The Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages (1895) - Hastings Rashdall

The Devil in Britain and America (1896, 363) - John Ashton

Stratagems and Conspiracies to Defraud Life Insurance Companies (1896, 682) - John Benjamin Lewis, Charles Carroll Bombaugh

The Literary History of the American Revolution, 1763-1783 (1897) - Moses Coit Tyler

The plan of the author has been to let both parties in the controversy—the Whigs and the Tories, the Revolutionists and the Loyalists—tell their own story freely in their own way, and without either of them being liable, at our hands, to posthumous outrage in the shape of partisan imputations on their sincerity, their magnanimity, their patriotism, or their courage. Moreover, for the purpose of historic interpretation, the author has recognized the value of the lighter, as well as of the graver, forms of literature, and consequently has here given full room to the lyrical, the humorous, and the satirical aspects of our Revolutionary record —its songs, ballads, sarcasms, its literary facetiae. The entire body of American writings, from 1763 to 1783, whether serious or mirthful, in prose or in verse, is here delineated in its most characteristic examples, for the purpose of exhibiting the several stages of thought and emotion through which the American people passed during the two decades of the struggle which resulted in our national Independence.

The History of Gambling in England (1898, 286) - John Ashton

Bygone Punishments (1899, 211) - William Andrews

Stage-Coach and Tavern Days (1900, 449) - Alice Morse Earle

A Nemesis of Misgovernment: Republican, Monarchical, and Empirical Governments (1899, 589) - James William Buel

Magic: Stage Illusions and Scientific Diversions (1901, 556) - Albert Allis Hopkins

A History of Wireless Telegraphy: Including Some Bare-Wire Proposals for Subaqueous Telegraphs (1902, 348) - John Joseph Fahie

Sun Dials and Roses of Yesterday (1902, 461) - Alice Morse Earle

Proverbs and Common Sayings from the Chinese (1902, 374) - Arthur Henderson Smith

The National Conventions and Platforms of All Political Parties, 1789 to 1901 (1904, 447) - Thomas Hudson McKee

At the Sign of the Barber's Pole: Studies in Hirsute History (1904, 121) - William Andrews

The Follies of Science at the Court of Rudolph II 1576-1612 (1904, 217) - Henry C. Bolton

Curling in Canada and the United States: A Record of the Tour of the Scottish Team, 1902-3, and of the Game in the Dominion and the Republic (1904, 787) - John Kerr

Garden Cities in Theory and Practice (1905, 557) - Alfred Richard Sennett

Design in Nature: Illustrated by Spiral and Other Arrangements in the Inorganic and Organic Kingdoms (1908) - James Bell Pettigrew

Town Planning in Practice (1909, 416) - Raymond Unwin

The Old and the New Magic, 2nd Ed. (1909, 517) - Henry Ridgeley Evans

Vanishing England (1910, 403) - Peter Hampson Ditchfield

Moated Houses (1911, 402) - William Outram Tristam

The War Maker: Being the True Story of Captain George B. Boynton (1911, 415) - Horace Smith

The Insanity of Genius and the General Inequality of Human Faculty (1912, 373) - John Ferguson Nisbet

Copyright: Its History and Its Law (1912, 709) - Richard Rogers Bowker

A Handy Book of Curious Information (1913, 942) - William S. Walsh

Hobart Pasha: Blockade-Running, Slaver-Hunting, and War and Sport in Turkey (1915, 285) - Augustus Charles Hobart-Hampden

Ivory and the Elephant in Art, in Archaeology, and in Science (1916, 527) - George Frederick Kunz

Raymond or Life and Death (1916, 404) - Oliver Lodge

English and American Tool Builders (1916, 315) - Joseph Wickham Roe

Perpetual Motion: Comprising a History of the Efforts to Attain Self-Motive Mechanism (1917, 366) - Percy Verance

The Wisdom of the Chinese (1920, 207) - Brian Brown

The Wisdom of the Hindus (1921, 293) - Brian Brown

Mazes and Labyrinths: A General Account of Their History and Developments (1922, 253) - William Henry Matthews

A Pepsyian Garland: Black-Letter Broadside Ballads of the Years 1595-1639 (1922, 490) - Hyder E. Rollins

It may be well to explain the use of the word ballad. Modern critics very often think of a ballad only as a traditional song that, like "Sir Patrick Spens," "Barbara Allen," or "Johnny Armstrong," has decided merits as poetry. This unhistoric restriction of the term to the English and Scottish "popular" ballads is a development of the nineteenth century. To quarrel with it would be out of place; but at least readers may be reminded that to Shakespeare, Jonson, Beaumont, Fletcher, Dryden, and Pepys the word ballad'had in general one meaning only: namely, a song (usually written by a hack-poet) that was printed on a broadside and sold in the streets by professional singers. If "Johnny Armstrong," "Chevy Chase," or Sir Edward Dyer's " My Mind to Me a Kingdom Is" got into the hands of the John Trundles of London, it, too, became a ballad. Elizabethans and Jacobeans recognized no difference whatever in type between what are now called traditional (or popular) ballads and broadside (or stall) ballads: some of them no doubt thought "Chevy Chase" a better ballad than, say, "The Famous Rat-catcher" (No. 10). But, if so, they were judging each by its manner and matter, not discriminating between traditional and stall songs. In this book the word ballad, when otherwise unqualified, refers to the printed broadside type only.

To judge the ballad as poetry is altogether unfair. A few ballads, to be sure, do appear in Tottefs Miscellany, the Paradise of Dainty Devises, and the Gorgeous Gallery of Gallant Inventions without reeking of their humble origin; while the Handfull of Pleasant Delights (1584), which contains nothing but ballads, has been absurdly overpraised by critics (who, apparently, do not know that all of its songs had before collection been printed as broadside ballads) as "a work of considerable merit, containing some notable songs," or as "one of the most prized of the poetical book gems of the Elizabethan period," or as "lyric poems1." If such criticism of the Handfull were sound, an editor need have no fear in introducing the eighty ballads in this book as a very notable collection indeed of Elizabethan and Stuart lyrics. But sound it is not.

MAGAZINES

The Spectator (1710-?)

The Tatler: With Prefaces Historical and Biographical (1806) - Joseph Addison, Richard Steele

The Quarterly Review (1809-?)

The North American Review (1815-?)

The Black Dwarf (1819)

This publication was established in 1817, the first number having been issued on Wednesday, January 29, of that year. It was published weekly at the price of twopence each number, containing eight pages of quarto demy. It was established and conducted by Thomas Jonathan Woolor ; who afterwards published a work, Every Man his own Attorney. The Black Dwarf was remarkable for its fierce radicalism; and Wooler was prosecuted, under a criminal information, for an article in the tenth number, entitled," The Past, the Present, and the Future." The case was tried before Mr. Justice Abbott and a special jury, June 5th, 1817, which ended in a verdict of guilty; but an attempt was made to set aside the verdict, on the ground that the jury were not all agreed, and a new trial was granted. I believe that the second trial ended in a verdict of not guilty. The results were hailed as a defeat of the government, and much excitement prevailed throughout the country. The Black Dwarf acquired considerable popularity; and being carried on at a time when Cobbett had fled to America, it took possession of the field of politics. In 1820, The Black Dwarf assumed another shape, and was published in demv 8vo at the price of sixpence each weekly nuniber, and was continued for several years. A consultation of these volumes will give a good insight into the state of political feeling during the time; and will show, also, the opinions which the radical leaders held of each other. - Notes and Queries

The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction (1823-?)

The Olio, or, Museum of Entertainment (1828-?)

Chambers' Edinburgh Journal (1833-?)

Bentley's Miscellany (1837-?)

Ainsworth's Magazine, Vol. 1 (1842)

Illustrated by George Cruikshank.

The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature, Science, and Art (1843-?)

Titan: A Monthly Magazine (1845-?)

The British Quarterly Review, Vol. 1 (1845)

Howitt's Journal of Literature and Popular Progress (1847-1848)

Notes and Queries, Vol. 1 (1850)

The Bookseller (1861)

Temple Bar: A London Magazine for Town and Country (1861-?)

The Philobiblion (1862)

American Literary Gazette (1863-?)

Palmer's Index to the London Times Newspaper (1868-?)

The Book Buyer (1868-?)

American Bibliopolist, Vol. 1 (1869)

The Literary World, Vol. 1 - New Series (1869)

The Academy and Literature (1870-1903)

The American Antiquarian and Oriental Journal (1878-?)

Good Literature: A Literary Eclectic Weekly (1880-?)

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society: New Series (1880-?)

Literary News, Vol. 1 (1880)

The Dial (1881-?)

The Critic (1881-?)

The Bookmart, Vol. 1 (1885)

Book Chat (1886-?)

Public Opinion(1886-?)

British Bookmaker: A Journal for the Book Printer (1887-?)

The Review of Reviews (1889-1908)

The Expository Times (1890-?)

The Literary Era (1894-1900)

The Philistine: A Periodical of Protest (1895-?)

Dialect Notes, Vol. 1 (1896)

The Library (1900-?)

The Lamp: New Series of the Book Buyer (1903-1904)

Book Review Digest (1905-?)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

META-BIBLIOGRAPHIES

An Introduction to the Study of Bibliography (1814) - Thomas Hartwell Horne

The Theory of National and International Bibliography (1896, 500) - Frank Campbell

A Manual of Practical Bibliography (1906, 175) - James Duff Brown

Some Aspects of Bibliography (1900, 102) - John Ferguson

Library Work Cumulated 1905-1911: A Bibliography and Digest of Library Literature (1912, 409)

Transactions of the Bibliographical Society (1894-?)

Library Assocation Record (1899-?)

The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America (1904-?)

Selected Reference Books (1899, 215)

List of Books of Reference in the Reading ROom of the British Museum, 3rd Ed. (1889, 475)

Hand-List of Bibliographies, Classified Catalogues, and Index in the Reading Room of the British Museum (1881, 105)

A Selection of Cataloguers Reference Books in New York State Library (1903)

Guide to the Study and Use of Reference Books (1917, 235) - Alice B. Kroeger

Works Relating to Bibliography, History of Printing, Bookbinding, Etc. (1880, 62) - W. H. Gee

A Bibliography of Bibliography or a Handy Book About Books Which Relate to Books (1877, 150) - Joseph Sabin

Bibliographies of Bibliographies Chronologically Arranged with Occasional Notes (1901, 45) - Aksel G. S. Josephson

Some General Bibliographical Works of Value to the Student of English (1901, 54) - Andrew Keogh

A List of Bibliographies of Special Subjects (1902, 504) - John Crerar

Check List of Bibliographies, Catalogues, Reference-Lists, and Lists of Authorities of American Books and Subjects (1889, 118) - Paul L. Ford

Bibliography and Methods of English Literary History (1919, 53) - Tom Peete Cross

Three Centuries of English Booktrade Bibliography (1903, 195) - Rudolf Growoll

The Librarian's Manual: A Treatise on Bibliography (1858, 314) - Reuben A. Guild

List of Bibliographical Works in the Reading Room of the British Museum, 2nd Ed. (1889, 103)

A Catalogue of the Bibliographies of Special Subjects (1890, 71) - James L. Whitney

Bibliotheca Bibliographica (1866, 939) - Julius Petzholt

Bibliographie des Bibliographies, Premiere Parte (1883) - Leon Vallee

Bibliographie des Bibliographies, Supplement (1887) - Leon Vallee

Manuel de Bibliographie Generale (1897, 895) - Henri Stein

Outlines for the Classification of a Library (1825, 87) - Thomas Hartwell Horne

Photo-Bibliography: or, A Word on Printed Card Catalogues of Old Rare, Beautiful and Costly Books (1878, 49) - Henry Stevens

GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHIES

Bibliotheca Miscellanea, or a Catalogue of Choice Books (1721, 20) - William Chase

A Catalogue of Books, Both Antient and Modern (1725, 28) - Thomas Goddard

A Complete Catalogue of Modern Books Published from the Beginning of This Century (1766, 92)

The London Catalogue of Books (1773-1855)

A Catalogue of a Select Collection of Ancient and Modern Books (1789, 202) - James Edwards

A Catalogue of an Extensive Collection of Books (1796, 403) - Thomas Egerton

A Catalogue of an Extensive and Valuable Collection of Ancient and Modern Books (1797, 464) - Robert Faulder

A New Catalogue of a Valuable Collection of Books Ancient and Modern (1797, 306) - Thomas Payne

Catalogue of Antient and Modern Books, Many of Which Are Rare and Valuable (1812, 186) - W. Gardiner

A General Catalogue of Valuable and Rare Old Books in the Ancient and Modern Languages (1814, 373) - Longman

Catalogue of an Extensive Collection of Books of Ancient and Modern Literature (1818, 266) - Lea and Febiger

A Catalogue of Books for 1818 (1818, 163) - James Eastburn

Bibliotheca Britannica; or, a General Index to British and Foreign Literature (1824) - Robert Watt

The English Gentleman's Library Manual (1827, 392) - William Goodhugh

Books in the Collection of the Mercantile Library of New York City (1837, 312)

Catalogue of Books in the Library of the American Antiquarian Society (1837, 43) - Christopher Columbus Baldwin

A General Bibliographical Dictionary (1837) - Friedrich Adolf Ebert

Catalogue Bibliographical and Critical of Early English Literature (1837, 366) - John P. Collier

Bibliotheca Grenvilliana; or Bibliographical Notices of Rare and Curious Books in the Library of Thomas Grenville (1842-1872) - John Thomas Payne

Catalogue of Ancient and Modern Books in Literature, Science and Art (1848, 240) - John Doyle

Extracts from the Registers of the Stationers' Company form 1557 to 1587, Vol. 1-2 (1848) - John P. Collier

Appleton's Library Manual: A Catalogue Raisonne of Twelve Thousand Works (1852, 434) - D. Appleton

Bibliographical Catalogue of Privately Printed Books (1854, 593) - John Martin

The English Catalogue of Books (1858-?)

Encyclopaedia Bibliographica (1859, 1907) - James Darling

A Catalogue of Books in All Branches of Literature Both Ancient and Modern (1860, 376) - E. Jeans

A Catalogue of Fifty Thousand Volumes of Ancient and Modern Books (1862, 594) - Willis and Sotheran

The Bibliographer's Manual of English Literature, Containing an Account of Rare, Curious, and Useful Books Published In or Relating to Great Britain and Ireland (1865-1879) - William Thomas Lowndes

"Issued in eleven parts, each of which contains some preliminary, explanatory, or exculpatory notice by Mr. Bohn. It is much to be regretted that the earlier part of the work does not include the same ratio of additions as the later, and bookcollectors, in general, would have been pleased to pay a higher price for a handsomer book. Mr. Bohn's name as editor did not appear on the first title to Vol. I. Power remarks " A good guide to Mr. Bohn's various reprints and ' Libraries,' and the appendix is a carefully-compiled list of the publications of the Book-printing Clubs, the private presses, such as Strawberry Hill, Lee Priory, &c., and the rare reprints of Collier, Halliwell, Maidment, Turnbull, and others. The Bibliographer's Manual is a work which, for want of a better, no English book-lover can do without. The first edition has the advantage of Mr. Bohn's, being printed in more legible type." Later issues bear the name of Bell & Daldy as publishers. In 1869, two hundred and fifty copies were printed on large paper, in 6 vols., cr. 8vo. The statement that one hundred copies were printed on large paper, which appears on that number of copies which were sent to America, is, to say the least, an abbreviation of the truth. Mr. Bohn's eleven prefatory notices, which to some extent explain the nature and extent of his labors, have been omitted in the large paper copies, both editions being in other respects exactly the same. There is no substitute for The Bibliographers Manual ; undertaken originally to supply an obvious desideratum felt by all readers and book-buyers, it forms at once a key to the riches of English literature for the student, and a guide in the formation of a library for the collector. In its present enlarged form it comprises notices of upwards of one hundred thousand distinct books published in Great Britain and Ireland, but it is susceptible of much improvement." - Sabin

A Bibliographical and Critical Account of the Rarest Books in the English Language (1866)

Handbook to the Popular, Poetical, and Dramatic Literature of Great Britain (1867, 701) - William C. Hazlitt, George G. Gray

Dictionary of Books Relating to America (1867-?) - Joseph Sabin

Bibliotheca Historica (1870, 234) - Henry Stevens

A Catalogue of Ancient and Modern Tracts and Pamphlets, Vol. 2 (1874) - Alfred Russell Smith

A Catalogue of Books for the Library (1877, 232) - Henry Sotheran

English Language and Literary Criticism: A Practical Guide to Systematic Reading and Study (1882) - James Baldwin

Catalogue of Periodical Literature, Journals and Transactions of Learned Societies, Issues from Government and Private Presses (1882, 807) - Bernard Quaritch

Best Books (1887-1901) - William S. Sonnenschein

Catalogue of a Private Library of Drama and Miscellanea (1889) - George A. Leavitt

Catalogue of Books in English Later Than 1700 (1905)

Peabody Institute Catalogues (1883-1905)

Catalogue of Books in the Library of the British Museum Printed in England, Scotland, and Ireland, and of Books in English Printed Abroad, to the Year 1640 (1884)

Subject Index of the Modern Works Added to the Library of the British Museum (1891-1906) - George K. Fortescue

Annual American Catalogues (1886-1907)

Cumulative Book Index (1898-?)

Warner's Books and Authors Ancient and Modern (1910)

SPECIFIC OR SUBJECT BIBLIOGRAPHIES

A Bibliography of Printing - E. C. Bigmore & C. W. H. Wyman

A Guide to the Literature of Woody Plants of the World Published Before the Beginning of the Twentieth Century - Alfred Rehder

The Bibliotheca Americana: A Catalogue of American Publications (Reprints and OriginalWorks) - Orville A. Roorbach

Bibliotheca Americana; or, A Chronological Catalogue of the Most Curious and Interesting Books, Pamphlets, State Papers, Etc. Upon the Subject of North and South America from the Earliest Period to the Present - Leman Thomas Rede et al. (1789, 271)

Bibliotheca Americana Vetustissima: A Description of Works Relating to America Published Between the Years 1492 and 1551 - Henry Harrisse (1866, 519)

Bibliotheca Americana Nova: A Catalogue of Books in Various Languages, Relating to America, Printed Since the Year 1700, Including Voyages to the Pacific and Round the World and Collections of Voyages and Travels - Obadiah Rich

American Bibliography: A Chronological Dictionary of All Books, Pamphlets and Periodical Publications Printed in the United States of America From the Genesis of Printing in 1639 Down to and Including the Year 1820, With Bibliographical and Biographical Notes - Charles Evans

Biblioteca Americana: A Dictionary of Books Relating to America, From Its Discovery to the Present Time

A Catalogue of the Books Relating to the British Topography Bequeathed to the Bodleian Library (1814, 463) - Richard Gough

Catalogue of Ancient and Modern Books in All Classes of Natural History (1835, 152) - John Bohn

A Manual of Classical Bibliography (1837) - Joseph William Moss

Catalogue of the Scientific Books in the Library of the Royal Society (1839, 776) - Royal Society

The History of Russian Literature, with a Lexicon of Russian Authors (1839, 408) - Friedrich Otto

A Manual of Biblical Bibliography (1839, 431) - Thomas Hartwell Horne

Taxidermy: Bibliography and Biography (1840, 392) - William Swainson

A Catalogue of Modern Medical Books (1843, 62) - Samuel Highley

Arithmetical Books from the Invention of Printing to the Present Time (1847, 124) - Augustus De Morgan

Descriptive Notices of Popular English Histories (1848, 96) - James O. Phillipps

The value of a popular history—by which we mean a narrative especially intended for the instruction or amusement of the unlearned—is not to be estimated by its apparent frivolity. And why is it not ? Simply because such a composition is, in many cases, one of the few remaining records which arrested the destruction of numerous facts, trivial perhaps in themselves, but of the utmost importance to the correct understanding of some of our best writers.

A student who is anxious to attain that extensive knowledge of the habits, customs, and phraseology of our ancestors, without which the humour of Shakespeare and many of his contemporaries can only be imperfectly appreciated, will do well to turn his attention to the ancient literature of the cottage, and make himself acquainted with the tales that were familiar " as household words" to the groundlings of the Globe or the Blackfriars. Those who despise this troublesome method of illustration do so without reflection, and invariably without a practical knowledge of its extreme utility. Let us ask, where would a reader turn for explanations of the jocular allusions in a modern farce or extravaganza? Certainly not to the works of Faraday or Mrs. Somerville, but oftener to the ballads of Seven Dials, or even to the songs of the nursery. The observation is true when applied to a more ancient period. If any proof were necessary, it would be found in the fact, that the tale of Jack the Giant Killer is quoted in the second greatest tragedy—King Lear.

Catalogue of Books on the Masonic Institution, Antimasonic in Arguments and Conclusions (1852, 270) - Henry Gassett

The author does a fine job of hiding his true feelings on the matter.

In the volumes comprised in this Catalogue, the character and designs of the order of Freemasonry are clearly unfolded. It will be found to be a system of fraud, of deception, of baseless assumptions, of arrogance even to the defiance of the world to put it down ; and all these for the self-interest and aggrandizement of its members to the disregard of the equal rights of others. It declares itself to be of ancient, very ancient origin, and in the tracery, hardly a stopping place. But where is the evidence ? Now, it is striving to rear monuments of its existence, in building Masonic Temples and laying corner-stones, but where are such monuments found of ancient days ? " No authentic book, manuscript, coin, medal, engraving, painting, sculpture, architectural remains, — no historian, poet, moralist, antiquary, biographer, novelist, makes the slightest reference to speculative Freemasonry prior to the year 1717." In that year, out of the Stonemasons' Society in London, was formed the secret society of Freemasons. Thence, to sustain and give it celebrity, began absurd pretensions, imposture, and the masonic penalty, death masonically inflicted.

A Catalogue of the Tracts for and Against Popery (1859) - Francis Peck, James Henthorn Todd, Edmund Gibson

Bibliography of the Indian Philosophical Systems (1859, 236) - Fitzedward Hall

About half the contents of the present volume, but with copious additions, since discarded, had passed through the press in the memorable summer of eighteen hundred and fifty-seven. One hundred and sixty-four pages, in the quarto form, had been printed at Allahabad ; and my book would, in a few months, have been before the public, had it not been impressed to feed a rebel bonfire. Forty sheets of uncomposed matter, of which I had retained no copy, perished at the same time. The loss, though but very partially made good, is, yet, scarcely to be regretted. A single leaf of authentic history would outweigh a Vatican of vain hallucinations.

Historical Nuggets: Bibliotheca Americana, or a Descriptive Accountof My Collection of Rare Books Relating to America (1862-?) - Henry Stevens

PLAN OF THE WORK

1. A Brief biography will, whenever practicable, precede the list of each author's works.

2. The work will contain a descriptive list of all historical books relating to America (North and South, and the West India Islands) and of all such books printed therein, from the earliest period to the present time, which may be found in the principal public and private libraries of Europe and America, or which are described in other works; together with notices of many of the more important unpublished manuscripts.

3. The descriptions will be made, as far as possible, from an examination of the books themselves. If any be taken from other sources of information they will be distinguished by some peculiar mark.

4. The titles including the imprint or colophon will, in all cases, be given in full, word for word, and letter for letter, together with a translation into English of all titles in other languages.

5. The collation of each book will be given; that is, such a description as will indicate a perfect copy.

6. The market value of the books, with the prices at which they have been sold at public or private sales, wi 1, whenever possible, be given.

7. Different editions and various translations of the principal works will be diligently compared with each other, and their variations and relative merits pointed out, especially of such works as the Collections of Voyages and Travels by Grynaeus, Ramusio, Leon d'Afrique, Hakluyt, Colyn, De Bry, Hulsius, Purchas, Hartgerts, Thevenot and others; the corresponding parts of which will be compared, not only with each other, but with the editions of the works from which they were translated, abridged, or reprinted.

8. Bibliographical notes will be appended when deemed necessary, containing abstracts of the contents of the works where the titles fail to give a proper idea of them; anecdotes of authors, printers, engravers, etc.; important items of historical and geographical information; notices of peculiarities of copies, as large paper, MS. notes, vellum, cancelled leaves, etc.; the number of copies printed; suppressed editions; together with the comparative rarity and intrinsic value of the works.

9. The notes upon the books printed in America will comprise a full history of the origin and progress of printing in North and South America from the year 1543 to the present time.

10. Under the title of every work will he designated one or more libraries in which it may be found.

11. The titles will be arranged alphabetically, under the names of the authors, or the leading word of the title, with cross references from other names or words when deemed necessary.

12. The work will contain a full Introductory Memoir upon the Materials of early American History, together with an account of the principal collections of them which have been made in Europe and America.

13. Three indexes to the contents of the work will be given, viz. (1) A chronological index, in which the titles briefly given, will be arranged according to the years in which the works were printed; (2) An index of the subjects treated in the books; (3) A general alphabetical index of the persons and subjects mentioned in the notes and introductory memoirs.

14. Facsimile woodcuts, maps, and other early pictorial illustrations will be given when deemed essential.

15. The work will be printed in the form, style, and fashion best suited to such a production, and most approved at the day of its completion; and may we continue in health and vigour till then.

Descriptive Catalogue of Materials Relating to the History of Great Britain and Ireland, to the End of the Reign of Henry VII (1862-1871) - Thomas D. Hardy

Catalogue of Books on the Origin, History, and Practice of Chess (1863, 49) - Richard Simpson

Bibliotheca Americana Vetustissima: A Description of the Works Relating to America Published Between the Years 1492 and 1551 (1866-1872) - Henry Harrisse

Bibliotheca Geographica and Historica: A Catalogue (1872, 361) - Henry Stevens

An Essay Towards an Indian Bibliography (1873, 430) - Thomas W. Field

Bibliotheca Cornubiensis: A Catalogue of the Writings of Cornishmen, and of Works Relating to the County of Cornwall (1874-1878) - William Prideaux Courtney

Bibliographica Paracelsica: An Examination of Dr. Friedrich Hooks (1877) - John Ferguson

Critical studies in the history, biography, and bibliography of science and medicine are so rare, that, when one makes its appearance, it deserves some notice. That such works are rare is not surprising. Being of no practical importance, they are not in demand by those skilled in the sciences, and, naturally, they excite no interest in the general public. It evinces, therefore, devotion and strength of mind amounting almost to heroism on the part of the author, to publish a work of any dimensions on such a person as Paracelsus. For three hundred years passed away from the world, the influence he may have once exerted long ago exhausted, his works all but universally believed—when they are spoken about at all— to be a farrago of boasting, nonsense, and ignorance,— is it of the least importance or interest to the modern physician or chemist to know what Paracelsus thought, or what he discovered, or whether his reputation is deserved or not ? To judge from the current of study and opinion, in these countries at least, the answer is wholly in the negative.

A Catalogue of the Indian Surveys (1878, 672) - GBIO

Bibliotheca Therapeutica, or Bibliography of Therapeutics, Chiefly in Reference to Articles of the Materia Medica (1878-1879)

Catalogue of Books and Papers Related to Electricity, Magnetism, the Electric Telegraph, Etc. (1880, 564) - Francis Ronalds

Catalogue of the Scientific Books in the Library of the Royal Society, Vol. 2: General Catalogue (1883, 1199)

A Complete Catalogue of Modern Law Books, British, American and Colonial (1883, 501) - Herbert G. Sweet

A Catalogue of Modern Law Books (1883, 88) - William Clowes

A Bibliography, Guide and Index to Climate (1884, 448) - Alexander Ramsay

Bibliography of the Bacon-Shakespeare Controversy (1884, 124) - William Henry Wyman

In July, 1882, the compiler of this work issued a small privately-printed Bibliography of the Bacon-Shakespeare Literature, including all the titles then ascertained—63 in number. Since that time, additional titles and interesting material have so accumulated that he has thought proper to present this volume—the work, or amusement of leisure evenings—believing that the discussion has reached a point that entitles it to as complete a Bibliography as can b°. made. While personally entertaining no doubts as to Shakespeare's authorship, he believes that the discussion has its compensating features in inciting a study of the Shakespearian dramas, and of the works as- well of the dramatists and philosophers—in fact, the literary history—of the Elizabethan age. It is, perhaps, due to the various theorists that the ground-work of their opinions be known, and it is due no less to the memory of William Shakespeare that these adverse theories, and the arguments in answer, shall be so presented as to enable any one, who wishes to investigate the question, to form an intelligent opinion for himself.

A Catalogue of Some Books Relating to the Disposal of the Bodies and Perpetuating the Memories of the Dead (1887, 74) - John Townshend

A Catalogue of Modern Works on Science and Technology, 16th Ed. (1887, 126) - Chapman and Hall

A Catalogue of Scientific and Technical Periodicals (1665 to 1882) (1887, 773) - Henry C. Bolton

A Manual of Historical Literature (1888, 720) - Charles Kendall Adams

Bibliography of Arbroath Periodical Literature and Political Broadsides (1889, 128) - James M. M'Bain

Handy Lists of Technical Literature (1890-?)

Catalogue of Works on Alchemy and Chemistry (1891, 32) - Henry C. Bolton

The Reader's Guide in Economic, Social and Political Science (1891, 169) - Richard Rogers Bowker

Catalogue of English Song Books (1891, 107) - John Stainer

A Bibliography of Card-Games and the History of Playing Cards (1892, 79) - Norton Townshend Horr

Bibliographie des Socilaismus und Communismus (1893-1900) - Josef Stammhammer

A Bibliography of the Japanese Empire (1895, 405) - Friedrich Wenckstern, Leon Pages, Valfrid Palmgren

Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Geographic Society (1895, 833) - Hugh Robert Mill

Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Colonial Institute (1895-1901) - James R. Boose

  • Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Colonial Institute (1895, 543) - James R. Boose

  • First Supplementary Catalogue of the Library of the Royal Colonial Institute (1901, 793) - James R. Boose

    The Literature of Music (1896, 281) - James E. Matthew

    Literature of Theology: A Classified Bibliography of Theological and General Religious Literature (1896, 757) - John Fletcher Hurst

    Catalogue and Index of Contributions to North American Geology 1732-1891 (1896, 1045) - Nelson Horatio Darton

    A Complete Bibliography of Fencing and Duelling, as Practised by All European Nations from the Middle Ages to the Present Day (1896, 537) - Carl Albert Thimm

    A Bibliography of Texas (1896, 268) - Cadwell Walton Raines

    Bibliographical Notes on Histories of Inventions and Books of Secrets (1896) - John Ferguson

    Bibliographie de L'Anarchie (1897, 294) - Max Nettlau

    Bibliographical Notes on the Witchcraft Literature of Scotland (1897, 124) - John Ferguson

    A Catalogue of Maps, Charts, and Globes (1898, 104) - Edward Stanford

    Bibliography of Eighteenth Century Art and Illustrated Books (1898, 615) - J. Lewine

    Descriptive Catalogue of Publications Relating to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey 1807 to 1896 and to U.S. Standard Weights and Measures 1790 to 1896 (1898, 118)

    A Classified Catalogue of Books and Pamphlets on Modern Astronomy (1899, 63) - William Wesley

    Bulletin of Bibliography (1899-?)

    New York State Library Bulletin (1899-?)

    List of Books and Articles in Periodicals Relating to Interoceanic Canal and Railway Routes (1900, 174) - Hugh A. Morrison

    List of Books Relating to the Theory of Colonization, Government of Dependencies, Protectorates, and Related Topics (1900, 131) - Appleton P. C. Griffin

    A Bibliography of Municipal Problems and City Conditions (1901, 346) - Robert C. Brooks

    Trial Bibliography and Outline of the Financial History of the United States (1901, 49) - Ernest Ludlow Bogart

    The Literature of American History: A Bibliographical Guide (1902, 596) - Josephus Nelson Larned

    Bibliography of Cooperative Cataloguing and the Printing of Catalogue Cards (1850-1902) (1903, 116) - Torstein Jahr, Adam Julius Strohm

    Classified Guide to Technical and Commercial Books: A Subject-List of the Principal British and American Works in Print (1904, 216) - Edgar Greenwood

    Swimming, with Lists of Books Published in English, German, French and Other EUropean Languages (1904, 488) - Ralph Thomas

    Bibliography of Quaternions and Allied Systems of Mathematics (1904, 86) - Alexander Macfarlane

    Irish Literature (1904)

    A Bibliography of Works in English on Playing Cards and Gaming (1905, 314) - Frederic Jessel

    Things Japanese, Being Notes on Various Subjects Connected with Japan, 5th Ed. (1905, 552) - Basil H. Chamberlain

    List of Works Related to the American Occupation of the Philippine Islands 1898-1903 (1905, 99) - Appleton P. C. Griffin

    A Register of National Bibliography, Vol. 1: A-L (1905, 314) - William Prideaux Courtney

    Things Chinese, or Notes Connected with China, 4th Ed. (1906, 816) - James Dyer Ball

    The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America (1906-?)

    Catalogue of the Mechanical Engineering Collection in the Science Division of the Victoria and Albert Museum (1907-1908)

    Preliminary Check List of American Almanacs 1639-1800 (1907, 160) - Hugh Alexander Morrison

    List of Books Relating to Trusts (1907, 93) - Appleton P. C. Griffin

    Rivers, Canals and Ports: Bibliographic Notes (1908, 729)

    Bibliography of the Icelandic Sagas and Minor Tales (1908, 126) - Halldor Hermannsson

    The Northmen in America (982-c. 1500) (1909, 94) - Halldor Hermannsson

    Bibliography of the Sagas of the Kings of Norway and Related Sagas and Tales (1910, 75) - Halldor Hermannsson

    Select List of References on Impeachment, 2nd Ed. (1912, 38) - Appleton P. C. Griffin, Hermann H. B. Meyer

    Catalogue of Early Books on Music (Before 1800) (1913, 312) - Julia Gregory

    List of References on Federal Control of Commerce and Corporations, 3rd Ed. (1913, 164) - Appleton P. C. Griffin, Hermann H. B. Meyer

    Reference Studies in Mediaeval History (1914, 233) - James Westfall Thompson

    A Bibliography of the History of California and the Pacific West 1510-1906 (1914, 318) - Robert E. Cowan, John W. Dwinelle

    Studies in Carto-Bibliography and in the Bibliography of Itineraries and Road-Books (1914, 180) - Herbert G. Fordham

    Lists of Works Relating to Numismatics (1914, 195) - NYPL

    Catalog of Opera Librettos Printed Before 1800 (1914) - O. Sonneck, A. Schatz

    A Bibliography of British Municipal History (1915, 461) - Charles Gross

    Guide to the Study of Medieval History (1917, 552) - Louis John Paetow

    Ever since the fall of 1914 the stream of historical writing on the middle ages has become thinner and thinner, so that today it is comparatively easy to keep abreast with the literature on the subject due to the phenomenal decrease of new contributions by European scholars. This sudden lull, preceded by a period of almost feverish activity in book-making, is a peculiarly propitious time for the making of inventories of the wealth of historical literature which has been produced in the century since the close of the Napoleonic wars. Such a task for medieval history is attempted in this Guide.

    ...

    In a book of this kind there is not much space for commentary and criticism of individual wor'-s. Confronted by the great difficulty of evaluating such a huge amount of literature, one is sorely tempted to give way to fear and to modesty by grouping books alphabetically in long unclassified lists. But this way out of the difficulty has been avoided because the average reader dislikes to choose altogether for himself, or at least he is curious to know another's choice before he makes his own. Critical notes have been inserted here and there, but the main task of criticism is revealed in the selection itself and in the order in which the books and articles are listed. Throughout the work classification has been made as minute as possible and with rare exceptions, as in the case of text books on pages 41—14, under each heading the books which are considered the most important are listed first. On the whole, books written in English are probably judged a little more leniently than those in foreign languages, because in all doubtful cases the English books were given the benefit of the doubt. The oceasional advantage of the alphabetical arrangement of books is not entirely lost by this system of grouping because it is in large measure supplied by the index.

    1600 Business Books, 2nd Ed. (1917, 232) - Sarah B. Ball, L. H. Morley, S. H. Powell

    A Bibliography of the English Colonial Treaties with the American Indians (1917, 109) - Henry Farr De Puy

    Bohemian (Czech) Bibliography: A FindingList of Writings in English Relating to Bohemia and the Czechs (1918, 256) - Thomas Capek, Anna. V. Capek

    The Library of William Andrews Clark, Jr: Cruikshank and Dickens (1921, 147) - Robert Ernest Cowan, William Andrews Clark, Jr.

    Modern Social Movements: Descriptive Summaries and Bibiographies (1921, 260) - Savel Zimand

    Free Speech Bibliography: Including Every Discovered Attitude Toward the Problem Covering Every Method of Transmitting Ideas and of Abridging Their Promulgation Upon Every Subject-Matter (1922, 247) - Theodore Schroeder

    A Bibliography of German Literature in English Translation (1922, 708) - Bayard Q. Morgan

    Bibliography of Bibliographies on Chemistry and Chemical Technology 1900-1924 (1925, 308) - Clarence Jay West

    Conscription: A Select and Annotated Bibliography (1976, 452) - Martin Anderson, Valerie Bloom

    AUTHOR BIBLIOGRAPHIES

    Halliwelliana: A Bibliography of the Publications of James Orchard Halliwell (1881) - Justin Winsor

    Franklin Bibliography: A List of Books Written by, or Relating to Benjamin Franklin (1889, 268) - Paul L. Ford

    Burr Bibliography: A List of Books Relating to Aaron Burr (1892, 89) - Hamilton Bullock Tompkins

    A Complete Bibliography of the Writings of John Ruskin, Vol. 1 (1893, 329) - Thomas J. Wise, James P. Smart

    A Complete Bibliography of the Writings of John Ruskin, Vol. 2 (1893, 263) - Thomas J. Wise, James P. Smart

    An Iconography of Don Quixote 1605-1895 (1895, 202) - Henry Spencer Ashbee

    Bibliography of the Writings of Charles Dickens (1904, 108) - Joseph C. Thomson

    Bibliography of the Works of Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1905, 53) - William M. Rossetti

    Bibliography of the Writings of George Meredith (1907, 70) - Arundell J. K. Esdaile

    Catalogue of Printed Books: Cervantes (1908, 36) - British Museum

    Bibliography of the Writings of Charles and Mary Lamb: A Literary History (1908, 141) - Joseph Charles Thomson

    Bibliography of the Writings of Jonathan Swift (1908, 107-242) - W. Spencer Jackson

    A Bibliographic Check-List of the Works of James Branch Cabell 1904-1921 (1921, 27) - Merle De Vore Johnson

    A Bibliography of the Works of Rudyard Kipling (1881-1921) (1922, 111) - Ernest W. Martindell

    EARLY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    Moved to here.


    BIOGRAPHY

    Autobiographies: A Collection of the Most Instructive and Amusing Lives Ever Published (1826)